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Freestanding MXene–MnO2 films for Li–CO2 cathodes with low overpotential and long-term cycling.

Wang, Yangyang; Wang, Xue; Ge, Bingcheng; Guo, Jianxin; Fernandez, Carlos; Peng, Qiuming


Yangyang Wang

Xue Wang

Bingcheng Ge

Jianxin Guo

Qiuming Peng


The Li−CO2 battery is a potential energy storage device that not only possesses a theoretical energy density as high as 1876 W h kg−1 but also alleviates the consumption of fossil resources by converting the greenhouse gas CO2 into electric energy. However, some technique bottlenecks, such as high overpotential, low recyclability, and low energy density, severely prohibit its application rhythm. Here, we prepare a binder-free MXene−MnO2 composite film using vacuum-assisted filtration and in situ reduction, which can be used as a freestanding cathode for Li−CO2 batteries. This MXene−MnO2 film electrode bestows good cycle stability (∼220 cycles), high specific capacity, and lower overpotential (∼0.89 V) in Li−CO2 batteries. Both experimental tests and first-principles calculations reveal that the enhanced electrochemical properties are associated with three aspects. First, the MXene−MnO2 film offers a high electrical conductivity and porous structure, which provide fast transport channels for electrons and ions. Then, the replacement of Mn by Ti increases the adsorption of Li ions, which facilitates the rapid decomposition of Li2CO3. Finally, the synergistic effect of MXene and MnO2 exposes a large number of active sites, which increases the capacity of Li−CO2 batteries. Therefore, this self-supporting strategy on the MXene composite paves a way to develop high-performance Li−CO2 batteries.


WANG, Y., WANG, X., GE, B., GUO, J., FERNANDEZ, C. and PENG, Q. 2021. Freestanding MXene-MnO2 films for Li-CO2 cathodes with low overpotential and long-term cycling. ACS applied energy materials [online], 4(9), 9961–9968. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 20, 2021
Online Publication Date Aug 27, 2021
Publication Date Sep 27, 2021
Deposit Date Oct 12, 2021
Publicly Available Date Aug 28, 2022
Journal ACS Applied Energy Materials
Print ISSN 2574-0962
Electronic ISSN 2574-0962
Publisher ACS Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 9
Pages 9961–9968
Keywords Li−CO2 batteries; Catalyst; Cycle stability; MXene−MnO2 film; Freestanding cathode
Public URL
Additional Information The accompanying file for this output contains supplementary figures at the end of the full text article.