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Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: a systematic review of qualitative studies.

Authors

Magaly Aceves?Martins

Lizet

Marcela

Naara L. Godina-Flores

Yareni Yunuen



Abstract

Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The objective of this study is to identify the cultural factors (expressed through decisions, behaviors, individual experiences, perceptions, attitudes, or views) related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico. Ten databases and one search engine were searched from 1995 onwards for qualitative studies. The Sunrise Enabler Model, described within the Cultural Care Theory, guided this review. Sample, the phenomenon of interest, study design, and evaluation data were extracted, and the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Twenty-four studies were included. Of these, 12 studies included children or adolescents, 12 included parents, eight included schoolteachers, four included school staff (other than teachers), four included food vendors, and one included policymakers. Cultural values, beliefs, lifeways (especially food and food costumes), kinship, and social factors (particularly immediate and extended family) strongly influenced childhood and adolescent obesity-related lifestyles in Mexico. Most cultural factors related to childhood obesity in Mexico identified in this review may be modifiable and amenable to practical interventions.

Citation

ACEVES-MARTINS, M., LÓPEZ-CRUZ, L., GARCÍA-BOTELLO, M., GODINA-FLORES, N.L., GUTIERREZ-GÓMEZ, Y.Y. and MORENO-GARCÍA, C.F. 2022. Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Obesity reviews [online], 23(9), article e13461. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13461

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 29, 2022
Online Publication Date May 19, 2022
Publication Date Sep 30, 2022
Deposit Date May 25, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 6, 2022
Journal Obesity Reviews
Print ISSN 1467-7881
Electronic ISSN 1467-789X
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 9
Article Number e13461
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13461
Keywords Adolescents; Children; Cultural factors; Mexico; Obesity; Qualitative
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1674397

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