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Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up.

Henwood, Tim; Hassan, Bothaina; Swinton, Paul; Senior, Hugh; Keogh, Justin

Authors

Tim Henwood

Bothaina Hassan

Paul Swinton

Hugh Senior

Justin Keogh

Abstract

The consequences of and transition into sarcopenia with long-term survival was investigated in the nursing home setting. Eligible residents from 11 nursing homes were followed-up 18-months after their assessment for sarcopenia using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria, with other demographic, physical and cognitive health measures collected. Of the 102 older adults who consented at baseline, 22 had died and 58 agreed to participate at follow-up, 51.7% of whom had sarcopenia. Sarcopenia at baseline was associated with a depression (p < 0.001), but not mortality, hospitalization, falls or cognitive decline at follow-up. Age was the strongest predictor of mortality (p = 0.05) with the relative risk of death increasing 5.2% each year. The prevalence of sarcopenia is high and increases with long-term survival in end-of-life care. However, the risk of sarcopenia-related mortality is not as great as from increasing age alone.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 31, 2017
Journal Geriatric nursing
Print ISSN 0197-4572
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 5
Pages 406-411
Institution Citation HENWOOD, T, HASSAN, B., SWINTON, P., SENIOR, H. and KEOGH, J. 2017. Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up. Geriatric nursing [online], 38(5), pages 406-411. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.02.003
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.02.003
Keywords Consequences; Mortality; Nursing home; Sarcopenia

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