Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up.
Henwood, Tim; Hassan, Bothaina; Swinton, Paul; Senior, Hugh; Keogh, Justin
The consequences of and transition into sarcopenia with long-term survival was investigated in the nursing home setting. Eligible residents from 11 nursing homes were followed-up 18-months after their assessment for sarcopenia using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria, with other demographic, physical and cognitive health measures collected. Of the 102 older adults who consented at baseline, 22 had died and 58 agreed to participate at follow-up, 51.7% of whom had sarcopenia. Sarcopenia at baseline was associated with a depression (p < 0.001), but not mortality, hospitalization, falls or cognitive decline at follow-up. Age was the strongest predictor of mortality (p = 0.05) with the relative risk of death increasing 5.2% each year. The prevalence of sarcopenia is high and increases with long-term survival in end-of-life care. However, the risk of sarcopenia-related mortality is not as great as from increasing age alone.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Oct 31, 2017|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Institution Citation||HENWOOD, T, HASSAN, B., SWINTON, P., SENIOR, H. and KEOGH, J. 2017. Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up. Geriatric nursing [online], 38(5), pages 406-411. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.02.003|
|Keywords||Consequences; Mortality; Nursing home; Sarcopenia|
HENWOOD 2017 Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing