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Electricity liberalization.

Greenwood, Justin


Justin Greenwood


Robin Pedler


Electricity was an obvious candidate in the renewed drive to complete a European Single Market in the Delors years. Despite the energy sector being the first candidate for European integration in 1951, electricity consumption remained, in the mid-1980s, tied to a regional monopoly supplier, resulting in the opinion of the Commission in inflated prices and a lack of innovation. As a key factor in production costs in manufacturing industry, and a contributory factor to every household bill, the electricity supply industry, wholly untouched by market logic, presented a ripe apple for a (then) confident European Commission keen to progress the frontiers of project Europe, and to demonstrate tangible results in European integration by the promise of lower prices arising from the introduction of competition.


GREENWOOD, J. 2002. Electricity liberalization. In Pedler, R. (ed.). European Union lobbying: changes in the arena. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan [online], pages 269-294. Available from:

Publication Date Jan 30, 2002
Deposit Date Feb 25, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 24, 2020
Publisher Springer
Pages 269-294
Book Title European Union lobbying: changes in the arena
Chapter Number 13
ISBN 9780333971529 ; 9781349665396
Keywords Electricity; European single market; Competition; Consumers; Liberalization
Public URL
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