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Life cycle assessment of a rotationally asymmetrical compound parabolic concentrator (RACPC).

Zawadzki, Przemyslaw; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Bani, Nurul Aini; Mas’ud, Abdullahi Abubakar; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo; Munir, Abu Bakar


Przemyslaw Zawadzki

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Nurul Aini Bani

Abdullahi Abubakar Mas’ud

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey

Abu Bakar Munir


Integrating a concentrator into the building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) design has resulted in a new technology known as the building integrated concentrating photovoltaic (BICPV). The rotationally asymmetrical compound parabolic concentrator (RACPC) is an example of a concentrator design that has been explored for use in BICPV. This paper evaluates the life cycle assessment (LCA) for the RACPC-PV module, which has never been explored before. The LCA of the RACPC-PV module has found a cost reduction of 29.09% and a reduction of 11.76% of embodied energy material manufacture when compared to a conventional solar photovoltaic (PV) module. The energy payback time for an RACPC-PV and a conventional PV was calculated to be 8.01 and 6.63 years, respectively. Moreover, the energy return on investment ratio was calculated to be 3.12 for a conventional PV and 3.77 for an RACPC-PV.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 30, 2020
Journal Sustainability
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 11
Article Number 4750
Institution Citation ZAWADZKI, P., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., ABU-BAKAR, S.H., BANI, N.A., MAS'UD, A.A., ARDILA-REY, J.A. and MUNIR, A.B. 2020. Life cycle assessment of a rotationally asymmetrical compound parabolic concentrator (RACPC). Sustainability [online], 12(11), article ID 4750. Available from:
Keywords Solar photovoltaic; Solar concentrator; Life cycle analysis; Rotationally asymmetrical compound parabolic concentrator
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