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Cellulose-Based Bio- and Nanocomposites: A Review


Susheel Kalia

Alain Dufresne

Bibin Mathew Cherian

B.S. Kaith


Elias Nassiopoulos


Cellulose macro- and nanofibers have gained increasing attention due to the high strength and stiffness, biodegradability and renewability, and their production and application in development of composites. Application of cellulose nanofibers for the development of composites is a relatively new research area. Cellulose macro- and nanofibers can be used as reinforcement in composite materials because of enhanced mechanical, thermal, and biodegradation properties of composites. Cellulose fibers are hydrophilic in nature, so it becomes necessary to increase their surface roughness for the development of composites with enhanced properties. In the present paper, we have reviewed the surface modification of cellulose fibers by various methods. Processing methods, properties, and various applications of nanocellulose and cellulosic composites are also discussed in this paper.


KALIA, S., DUFRESNE, A., CHERIAN, B.M., KAITH, B.S., AVÉROUS, L., NJUGUNA, J. and NASSIOPOULOS, E. 2011. Cellulose-based bio- and nanocomposites: a review. International journal of polymer science [online], 2011: natural fibers, bio- and nanocomposites, article 837875. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 1, 2011
Online Publication Date Oct 26, 2011
Publication Date Dec 31, 2011
Deposit Date Nov 10, 2020
Publicly Available Date Aug 23, 2021
Journal International Journal of Polymer Science
Print ISSN 1687-9422
Electronic ISSN 1687-9430
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2011
Article Number 837875
Keywords Cellulose macrofibers; Cellulose nanofibers; Composite materials; Hydrophilic
Public URL


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