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The experiences of women with polycystic ovary syndrome on a very low-calorie diet. (2016)
Journal Article
LOVE, J.G., MCKENZIE, J.S., NIKOKAVOURA, E.A., BROOM, J., ROLLAND, C. and JOHNSTON, K.L. 2016. The experiences of women with polycystic ovary syndrome on a very low-calorie diet. International journal of women's health [online], 8, pages 299-310. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S100385

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is variously reported to affect between 5% and 26% of reproductive age women in the UK and accounts for up to 75% of women attending fertility clinics due to anovulation. The first-line treatment option for overweight... Read More about The experiences of women with polycystic ovary syndrome on a very low-calorie diet..

Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. (2016)
Journal Article
BROOM, J. 2016. Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. Journal of research in nursing [online], 21(4), pages 288-289. Available: https://doi.org/10.1177/1744987116647820

Obesity is clearly a major public health problem in developed nations, but also impacts on the health of developing countries, as they adopt lifestyle practices of the former. Physical activity, or lack of it, contributes heavily to the problem, espe... Read More about Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment..

Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. (2015)
Journal Article
NIKOKAVOURA, E.A., JOHNSTON, K.L., BROOM, J., WRIEDEN.W.L. and ROLLAND, C. 2015. Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy [online], 8, pages 495-503. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S85134

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 2% and 26% of reproductive-age women in the UK, and accounts for up to 75% of anovulatory infertility. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, a... Read More about Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks..

A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (2014)
Thesis
NIKOKAVOURA, E.A. 2014. A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Robert Gordon University, MRes thesis.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is variously reported to affect between 5-26 % of reproductive-age women in the UK, and it accounts for up to to 75% of women attending fertility clinics due to anovulation. The major symptoms include ovarian disrupti... Read More about A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)..

Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. (2014)
Journal Article
WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, J., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G. 2014. Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Oncology letters [online], 8(1), pages 374-378. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.2085

Leptin is a hormone secreted by white fat tissue, which signals the amount of overall body fat to the hypothalamus. The circulating concentration of leptin correlates with the level of obesity. Breast cancer risk is higher in obese postmenopausal wom... Read More about Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling..

Long-term weight loss maintenance and management following a VLCD: a 3-year outcome. (2013)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., JOHNSTON, K. L., LULA, S., MACDONALD, I. and BROOM, I. 2014. Long-term weight loss maintenance and management following a VLCD: a 3-year outcome. International journal of clinical practice [online], 68(3), pages 379-387. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12300

Effective weight loss treatment is important as obesity has severe health and socioeconomic repercussions. Emerging evidence suggests that rapid initial weight loss results in better long-term weight loss maintenance. This remains controversial and c... Read More about Long-term weight loss maintenance and management following a VLCD: a 3-year outcome..

Weight loss for individuals with type 2 diabetes following a very-low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. (2013)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., LULA, S., JENNER, C., DYSON, L., MACDONALD, I., JOHNSTON, K.L. and BROOM, I. 2013. Weight loss for individuals with type 2 diabetes following a very-low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. Clinical obesity [online], 3(5), pages 150-157. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/cob.12029

Approximately 80% of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are overweight or obese, and obesity compounds the cardiovascular risk of T2DM. The aim of this retrospective study was twofold: first to investigate whether a twelve-week, community-ba... Read More about Weight loss for individuals with type 2 diabetes following a very-low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks..

The effect of very low-calorie diets on renal and hepatic outcomes: a systematic review. (2013)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., MAVROEIDI, A., JOHNSTON, K.L. and BROOM, J. 2013. The effect of very low-calorie diets on renal and hepatic outcomes: a systematic review. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy [online], 6, pages 393-401. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S51151

Very low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective means by which to induce clinically significant weight loss. However, their acceptance by health care practitioners and the public is generally lower than that for other nonsurgical weight loss methods.... Read More about The effect of very low-calorie diets on renal and hepatic outcomes: a systematic review..

Weight loss and ethnicity: a cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet. (2012)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., HALLAM, C., LULA, S., WIGGINS, J., DYSON, L., VAN GAAL, L.F. and BROOM, I. 2013. Weight loss and ethnicity: a cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet. Clinical and experimental medical sciences [online], 1(3), pages 97-109. Available from: http://m-hikari.com/cem...rollandCEMS1-4-2013.pdf

We aimed to determine whether British Asians of Indian or Pakistani descent differed in their baseline characteristics and in response to a twelve-week, very-low-calorie diet (VLCD). We then assessed whether or not a VLCD had a different effect on As... Read More about Weight loss and ethnicity: a cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet..

Assessing the significance of ethnicity on VLCD induced weight loss and outcomes at 1 year follow up. (2012)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., MULHOLLAND, Y., HALLAM, C., LULA, S., DYSON, L. and BROOM, I. 2012. Assessing the significance of ethnicity on VLCD induced weight loss and outcomes at 1 year follow up. Obesity facts [online], 5(Supplement 1), page 94. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1159/000178128

Introduction: Few studies have examined the relationship between ethnicity and longer-term outcomes following a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD).

A comparison of weight loss outcomes in Black and Caucasian women following a very-low calorie diet (VLCD). (2012)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., MULHOLLAND, Y., HALLAM, C., LULA, S., DYSON, L. and BROOM, I. 2012. A comparison of weight loss outcomes in Black and Caucasian women following a very-low calorie diet (VLCD). Obesity facts [online], 5(Supplement 1), page 94. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1159/000178128

Introduction: Few studies have examined the significance of ethnicity on weight loss responses and overall health benefits following a VLCD.

Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. (2012)
Journal Article
MULHOLLAND, Y., NICOKAVOURA, E., BROOM, J. and ROLLAND, C. 2012. Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. British journal of nutrition [online], 108(5), pages 832-851. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001924

Evidence from the literature supports the safe use of very-low-energy diets (VLED) for up to 3 months in supervised conditions for patients who fail to meet a target weight loss using a standard low-fat, reduced-energy approach. There is, however, a... Read More about Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence..

Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. (2012)
Journal Article
DOMBROWSKI, S.U., SNIEHOTTA, F.F., JOHNSTON, M., BROOM, I., KULKARNI, U., BROWN, J., MURRAY, L., SOARES, V.A. 2012. Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. Patient education and counseling [online], 87(1), pages 108-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2011.08.003

The objective of this study was to test and optimize the feasibility and acceptability of a physical activity (PA) and healthy eating behavior change intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-... Read More about Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care..

Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review. (2012)
Journal Article
GRYKA, A., BROOM, I. and ROLLAND, C. 2012. Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review. Agro food industry hi-tech [online], 23(Supplement 2), pages 12-14. Available from: https://www.teknoscienz...pe-2-diabetes-a-review/

This review examines the effects of low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets (LCHO) ( < 150g carbohydrate/day) on glycaemia and cardiovascular risk, appetite and satiety, liver and kidney function, energy expenditure, and bone metabolism. It also investi... Read More about Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review..

Global warming: is weight loss a solution? (2012)
Journal Article
GRYKA, A., BROOM, J., and ROLLAND, C. 2012. Global warming: is weight loss a solution? International journal of obesity [online], 36(3), pages 474-476. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.151

The current climate change has been most likely caused by the increased greenhouse gas emissions. We have looked at the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), and estimated the reduction in the CO2 emissions that would occur with the theoretical... Read More about Global warming: is weight loss a solution?.

The effects of very-low calorie diets on HDL: a review. (2011)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C. and BROOM, I. 2011. The effects of very-low calorie diets on HDL: a review. Cholesterol [online], 2011, article ID 306278. Available from: http://doi.org/10.1155/2011/306278

This paper investigates the effects of very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) used in the treatment of obesity on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Although the studies varied widely in their intervention format, duration, and baseline HDL levels, it wo... Read More about The effects of very-low calorie diets on HDL: a review..

Over-the-counter orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. (2011)
Journal Article
WEIDMAN, A.E., CUNNINGHAM, S., GRAY, G., HANSFORD, D., MCLAY, J., BROOM, J. and STEWART, D. 2011. Over-the-counter orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 33(4), pages 627-633. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-011-9516-z

Objectives of the study To describe community pharmacists early experiences, views and attitudes with over-the-counter orlistat, 9 months post legal re-classification from November 2009 to January 2010. Setting 13,200 (81%) randomly selected register... Read More about Over-the-counter orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain..

Effect of weight loss on adipokine levels in obese patients. (2011)
Journal Article
ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M. and BROOM, I. 2011. Effect of weight loss on adipokine levels in obese patients. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy [online], 4, pages 315-323. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S22788

Adipose tissue functions as an endocrine organ by releasing adipokines, which have important roles in the regulation of inflammation and insulin sensitivity. Although there is evidence of improvements in the circulating levels of adipokines with weig... Read More about Effect of weight loss on adipokine levels in obese patients..

Homo Adipatus: a new species: weight management, treatment and prevention. (2010)
Book Chapter
BROOM, I. and ROLLAND, C. 2010. Homo Adipatus: a new species: weight management, treatment and prevention. In Tsichlia, G. and Johnstone, A.M. (eds.) Fat matters: from sociology to science. Keswick: M and K Publishing, chapter 5, pages 51-66.

The current obesity epidemic, indeed pandemic, is a major public health problem affecting not only the developed nations but also developing countries as they become modern industrialised nations. Over the last thirty years the prevalence of obesity... Read More about Homo Adipatus: a new species: weight management, treatment and prevention..