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Inside the black box of trilogues: introduction to the special issue. (2021)
Journal Article
BRANDSMA, G.J., GREENWOOD, J., RIPOLL SERVENT, A. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2021. Inside the black box of trilogues: introduction to the special issue. Journal of European public policy [online], 28(1): inside the 'black box' of EU legislative trilogues, pages 1-9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2020.1859600

This special issue brings together seven original contributions on actors involved in trilogue negotiations whose role has largely been neglected: the Commission, the Council, the Court, the Ombudsman, national parliaments, organized interests and Eu... Read More about Inside the black box of trilogues: introduction to the special issue..

Organized interests and trilogues in a post-regulatory era of EU policy-making. (2021)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2021. Organized interests and trilogues in a post-regulatory era of EU policy-making. Journal of European public policy [online], 28(1): inside the 'black box' of EU legislative, pages 112-131. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2020.1859592

Organized interests play a role in the everyday policy making of the EU. Trilogues are now part of the everyday policy-making of the EU. But little is known about the interaction between organized interests and trilogues. Can organized interests acce... Read More about Organized interests and trilogues in a post-regulatory era of EU policy-making..

Trilogues in council: disrupting the diplomatic culture? (2020)
Journal Article
BRANDSMA, G.J., DIONIGI, M.K., GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2021. Trilogues in council: disrupting the diplomatic culture? Journal of European public policy [online], 28(1): inside the 'black box' of EU legislative trilogues, pages 10-31. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2020.1859594

This article explores the institutionalization of trilogues in the Council. What kind of practices have emerged in the Council to underpin this body’s participation in trilogues, and how do these shape the decision-making culture in the Council? We c... Read More about Trilogues in council: disrupting the diplomatic culture?.

Black boxes and open secrets: trilogues as 'politicised diplomacy'. (2020)
Journal Article
ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2021. Black boxes and open secrets: trilogues as 'politicised diplomacy'. West European politics [online], 44(3), pages 485-509. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2020.1716526

Why do EU actors promote secluded fora of decision making even as they have committed themselves to open and public lawmaking? How do they perceive and reconcile the ensuing tensions in practice? These questions, arising amidst growing public controv... Read More about Black boxes and open secrets: trilogues as 'politicised diplomacy'..

In the shadow of public opinion: the European Parliament, civil society organizations and the politicization of trilogues. (2019)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2019. In the shadow of public opinion: the European Parliament, civil society organizations and the politicization of trilogues. Politics and governance [online], 7(3), pages 316-326. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v7i3.2175

This article examines the relations between the European Parliament (EP) and civil society organizations (CSOs) in the EU’s legislative process. It focuses specifically on legislative trilogues, an informal institution bringing together the represent... Read More about In the shadow of public opinion: the European Parliament, civil society organizations and the politicization of trilogues..

Power at the expense of diffuse interests? The European Parliament as a legitimacy-seeking institution. (2019)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2020. Power at the expense of diffuse interests? The European Parliament as a legitimacy-seeking institution. European politics and society [online], 21(1), pages 118-136. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2019.1613879

Has the European Parliament (EP)’s acquisition of legislative powers diluted its traditional support for diffuse interests? This article considers the various arguments that challenge the EP’s reputation as a champion of diffuse interests and advanc... Read More about Power at the expense of diffuse interests? The European Parliament as a legitimacy-seeking institution..

Interest organizations and European Union politics. (2019)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. 2019. Interest organizations and European Union politics. In Thompson, W.R. (ed.) Oxford research encyclopedia of politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press [online], article ID 1162. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1162

Interest representation plays a systemic role in EU policy making and integration, recognised as such in the Treaty on European Union. Interest organisations supply technical and political information to the EU institutions, and EU institutions use i... Read More about Interest organizations and European Union politics..

Interest representation in the EU: an open and structured dialogue? (2018)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. 2019. Interest representation in the EU: an open and structured dialogue? In Dialer, D. and Richter, M. (eds.) Lobbying in the European Union: strategies, dynamics and trends. Cham: Springer [online], pages 21-31. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98800-9_2

Since 1992, the European Commission has sought to build ‘An Open and Structured Dialogue’ with interest groups, and since 2001 a broader ‘Dialogue with Civil Society’. A core feature of this dialogue involves instruments of transparency, and pluralis... Read More about Interest representation in the EU: an open and structured dialogue?.

Taming trilogues: the EU's law-making process in a comparative perspective. (2018)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2019. Taming trilogues: the EU's law-making process in a comparative perspective. In Costa, O. (ed.) The European Parliament in times of EU crisis: dynamics and transformations. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan [online], pages 121-141. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97391-3_6

As the directly elected institution of representative democracy, the European Parliament (EP) is at the centre of debates about the nature of the EU polity. The dramatic increase in its legislative powers since becoming a directly elected instituti... Read More about Taming trilogues: the EU's law-making process in a comparative perspective..

The European Citizens' Initiative: bringing the EU closer to its citizens? (2018)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. 2019. The European Citizens' Initiative: bringing the EU closer to its citizens? Comparative European politics [online], 17(6), pages 940-956. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41295-018-0138-x

In defiance of accounts which see the European Union (EU) as structurally incompatible with democracy, the Lisbon Treaty set out the general right and specific means for citizens to participate in EU decision-making. Whilst the Treaty codified long-e... Read More about The European Citizens' Initiative: bringing the EU closer to its citizens?.

NGOs in the European Union. (2018)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. 2018. NGOs in the European Union. In Kellow, A. and Murphy-Gregory, H. (eds.) Handbook of research on NGOs. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing [online], pages 391-403. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781785361685.00027

NGOs play an institutionalised role in the European Union (EU), serving as unofficial opposition in a system otherwise orientated around consensus, and as policy partner to in times of need. Dialogue with institutions is structured along pluralist li... Read More about NGOs in the European Union..

Interest representation in the European Union. (2017)
Book
GREENWOOD, J. Interest representation in the European Union. 4th ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan [online]. Available from: https://www.macmillanihe.com/page/detail/Interest-Representation-in-the-European-Union/?K=9781137491312

Why is the EU so reliant upon exchanges with interest organisations? What safeguards have been developed to prevent capture by special interests, and how effective are these? How does the EU system of interest representation compare with those of oth... Read More about Interest representation in the European Union..

The European Citizens' Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? (2016)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. and TUOKKO, K. 2017. The European Citizens' Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? European politics and society [online], 18(2), pages 166-181. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1202234

A key aim of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) introduced in 2012 was to promote transnational discussion and deliberation, but there is relatively little analysis of the impact of this feature. We use primary and secondary data collection to e... Read More about The European Citizens' Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere?.

The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? (2016)
Journal Article
ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2017. The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? Journal of European public policy [online], 24(5), pages 735-754. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1184297

This article examines the institutionalization of the European Parliament-as-a-legislature. It draws on the political development scholarship to conceptualize institutionalization and highlight the role of the environment in the development and decay... Read More about The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues?.

Civil dialogue and the Citizens' Initiative: accounting for collaboration and competition using the advocacy coalition framework and the strategic action field. (2015)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. 2015. Civil dialogue and the Citizens' Initiative: accounting for collaboration and competition using the advocacy coalition framework and the strategic action field. In Johannson, H. and Kalm, S. (eds.) EU civil society: patterns of cooperation, competition and conflict. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan [online], chapter 11, pages 193-209. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137500724_11

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) has introduced a largely new set of campaigners working in a fresh 'direct democracy' frame at EU level, alongside an established group of Brussels based EU NGOs seeking to institutionalise an elite 'civil dial... Read More about Civil dialogue and the Citizens' Initiative: accounting for collaboration and competition using the advocacy coalition framework and the strategic action field..

A living legislature: the EP as an ordinary legislator. (2015)
Presentation / Conference
ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2015. A living legislature: the EP as an ordinary legislator. Presented at the 14th Biennial conference of the European Union Studies Association (EUSA 2015), 5-7 March 2015, Boston, USA [online]. Available from: https://eustudies.org/conference/papers/download/250

This paper explores possibilities of cooperation between rationalist and sociological insights by examining the institutionalization of legislative powers in the European Parliament (EP). By this, we refer to the social processes unfolding as the EP... Read More about A living legislature: the EP as an ordinary legislator..

The culture of trilogues. (2015)
Journal Article
ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2015. The culture of trilogues. Journal of European public policy [online], 22(8), pages 1148-1165. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2014.992934

There is surprisingly little knowledge about the informal 'trilogues' that play a pivotal role in almost 90 per cent of European Union legislation. This article maps out previously uncharted practices and explores their role in constituting the Parli... Read More about The culture of trilogues..

The regional offices in Brussels: from 'push and pull' to 'people and place'. (2014)
Journal Article
GREENWOOD, J. 2014. The regional offices in Brussels: from 'push and pull' to 'people and place'. Regions and cohesion [online], 4(3), pages 1-16. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3167/reco.2014.040301

The potential of 'people and place' is assessed as a means to broaden research about regional political actors into key questions about their role in European integration, largely dormant since the European Commission's 2001 White Paper on Governance... Read More about The regional offices in Brussels: from 'push and pull' to 'people and place'..

The public accountability of business associations under conditions of EU policy participation. (2014)
Thesis
BARLOW, R.A. 2014. The public accountability of business associations under conditions of EU policy participation. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Set in the context of wider problems of EU popular legitimacy, the thesis explores a participatory model of EU policy making based around business associations as agents of participation. Policy participation implies public accountability, where ther... Read More about The public accountability of business associations under conditions of EU policy participation..

Interest groups and patterns of lobbying in Brussels. (2014)
Book Chapter
GREENWOOD, J. 2014. Interest groups and patterns of lobbying in Brussels. In Magone, J.M. (ed.) Routledge handbook of European politics. Abingdon: Routledge [online], chapter 43, pages 793-806. Available from: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-European-Politics-1st-Edition/Magone/p/book/9780415626750

Political institutions in democratically orientated political systems interact with interest organisations to enhance the legitimacy of their policies, whether through greater acceptance of them (inputs) or to enhance efficiencies (outputs). The rem... Read More about Interest groups and patterns of lobbying in Brussels..