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DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A., NKISI-ORJI, I., MARTIN, K., PALIHAWADANA, C. and CORSAR, D. 2021. DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods. In Proceedings of 33rd IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) International conference on tools with artificial intelligence 2021 (ICTAI 2021), 1-3 November 2021, Washington, USA [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], pages 1466-1473. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTAI52525.2021.00233

Counterfactual explanations focus on 'actionable knowledge' to help end-users understand how a machine learning outcome could be changed to a more desirable outcome. For this purpose a counterfactual explainer needs to discover input dependencies tha... Read More about DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods..

Reasoning with counterfactual explanations for code vulnerability detection and correction. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A. and WIRATUNGA, N. 2021. Reasoning with counterfactual explanations for code vulnerability detection and correction. In Sani, S. and Kalutarage, H. (eds.) AI and cybersecurity 2021 (AI-Cybersec 2021): proceedings of the workshop on AI and cybersecurity (AI-Cybersec 2021) co-located with 41st (British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence) SGAI international conference on artificial intelligence (SGAI 2021), 14 December 2021, Cambridge, UK: [virtual conference]. Aachen: CEUR Workshop Proceedings [online], 3125, pages 1-13. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3125/paper1.pdf 14 December 2021, Cambridge, UK: [virtual event]. Aachen: CEUR Workshop Proceedings [online], 3125, pages 1-13. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3125/paper1.pdf

Counterfactual explanations highlight "actionable knowledge" which helps the end-users to understand how a machine learning outcome could be changed to a more desirable outcome. In code vulnerability detection, understanding these "actionable" correc... Read More about Reasoning with counterfactual explanations for code vulnerability detection and correction..

FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning. (2021)
Journal Article
PALIHAWADANA, C., WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A. and KALUTARAGE, H. 2022. FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning. Neurocomputing [online], 483: distributed machine learning, optimization and applications, pages 432-445. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2021.08.141

Federated Learning (FL) is a distributed machine learning approach in which clients contribute to learning a global model in a privacy preserved manner. Effective aggregation of client models is essential to create a generalised global model. To what... Read More about FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning..

Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SANTOFIMIA, M.J., VILLANUEVA, F.J., CABA, J., FERNANDEZ-BERMEJO, J., DEL TORO, X., WIRATUNGA, N., TRAPERO, J.R., RUBIO, A., SALVADORI, C. and LOPEZ, J.C. 2021. Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries. In Proceedings of 47th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Industrial Electronics Society annual conference 2021 (IECON 2021), 13-16 October 2021, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article 9589159. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON48115.2021.9589159

The general aim of a cognitive Cyber Physical System of Systems (CPSoS) is to provide managed access to data in a smart fashion such that sensing and actuation capabilities are connected. Whilst there is significant funding and research devoted to th... Read More about Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries..

Actionable feature discovery in counterfactuals using feature relevance explainers. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A., NKISI-ORJI, I., MARTIN, K., PALIHAWADANA, C. and CORSAR, D. 2021. Actionable feature discovery in counterfactuals using feature relevance explainers. In Borck, H., Eisenstadt, V., Sánchez-Ruiz, A. and Floyd, M. (eds.) ICCBR 2021 workshop proceedings (ICCBR-WS 2021): workshop proceedings for the 29th International conference on case-based reasoning co-located with the 29th International conference on case-case based reasoning (ICCBR 2021), 13-16 September 2021, Salamanca, Spain [virtual conference]. CEUR-WS proceedings, 3017. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 63-74. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-3017/101.pdf

Counterfactual explanations focus on 'actionable knowledge' to help end-users understand how a Machine Learning model outcome could be changed to a more desirable outcome. For this purpose a counterfactual explainer needs to be able to reason with si... Read More about Actionable feature discovery in counterfactuals using feature relevance explainers..

Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset] (2021)
Dataset
SANDAL, L.F., BACH, K., ØVERÅS, C.K., WIRATUNGA, N., COOPER, K, et al. 2021. Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset]. JAMA internal medicine [online], 181(10), pages 1288-1296. Available from: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2782459#supplemental-tab

SELFBACK is an evidence-based decision support system that supports self-management of nonspecific low back pain. In specific, SELFBACK provides the user with evidence-based advice on physical activity level, strength/ flexibility exercises, and educ... Read More about Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset].

Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. (2021)
Journal Article
SANDAL, L.F., BACH, K., ØVERÅS, C.K., WIRATUNGA, N., COOPER, K, et al. 2021. Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. JAMA internal medicine [online], 181(10), pages 1288-1296. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.4097

Importance: Lower back pain (LBP) is a prevalent and challenging condition in primary care. The effectiveness of an individually tailored self-management support tool delivered via a smartphone app has not been rigorously tested. Objective: To invest... Read More about Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial..

Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
FYVIE, M., MCCALL, J.A.W. and CHRISTIE, L.A. 2021. Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining. In Martin, K., Wiratunga, N. and Wijekoon, A. (eds.) SICSA XAI workshop 2021: proceedings of 2021 SICSA (Scottish Informatics and Computer Science Alliance) eXplainable artificial intelligence workshop (SICSA XAI 2021), 1st June 2021, [virtual conference]. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2894. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], session 4, pages 75-78. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2894/poster2.pdf

Traditional methods of creating explanations from complex systems involving the use of AI have resulted in a wide variety of tools available to users to generate explanations regarding algorithm and network designs. This however has traditionally bee... Read More about Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining..

Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N., NKILSI-ORJI, I., MARTIN, K., PALIHAWADANA, C. and CORSAR, D. 2021. Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints. In Martin, K., Wiratunga, N. and Wijekoon, A. (eds.) SICSA XAI workshop 2021: proceedings of 2021 SICSA (Scottish Informatics and Computer Science Alliance) eXplainable artificial intelligence workshop (SICSA XAI 2021), 1st June 2021, [virtual conference]. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2894. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], session 1, pages 1-8. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2894/short1.pdf

Counterfactual explanations focus on “actionable knowledge” to help end-users understand how a machine learning outcome could be changed to one that is more desirable. For this purpose a counterfactual explainer needs to be able to reason with simila... Read More about Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints..

Similarity and explanation for dynamic telecommunication engineer support. (2021)
Thesis
MARTIN, K. 2021. Similarity and explanation for dynamic telecommunication engineer support. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1447160

Understanding similarity between different examples is a crucial aspect of Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) systems, but learning representations optimised for similarity comparisons can be difficult. CBR systems typically rely on separate algorithms to le... Read More about Similarity and explanation for dynamic telecommunication engineer support..

Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. (2021)
Thesis
WIJEKOON, A. 2021. Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1358224

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) have been the primary contributor to the global disease burden, with increased years lived with disability. Such chronic conditions require self-management, typically in the form of maintaining an active lifestyle whil... Read More about Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders..

Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders. (2021)
Journal Article
MARTIN, K., LIRET, A., WIRATUNGA, N., OWUSU, G. and KERN, M. 2021. Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders. KI - Künstliche Intelligenz [online], 35(3-4), pages 397-411. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13218-020-00702-6

Explanation mechanisms for intelligent systems are typically designed to respond to specific user needs, yet in practice these systems tend to have a wide variety of users. This can present a challenge to organisations looking to satisfy the explanat... Read More about Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders..