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Effect of menstrual cycle phase, menstrual irregularities, and hormonal contraceptive use on anterior knee laxity and non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury occurrence in women: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Protocol] (2021)
Other
NÉDÉLEC, E., FOLI, E., SHULTZ, S.J., SWINTON, P.A., DOLAN, E., ENRIGHT, K., PIASECKI, J., MATTHEWS, J.J., SALE, C. and ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J. 2021. Effect of menstrual cycle phase, menstrual irregularities, and hormonal contraceptive use on anterior knee laxity and non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury occurrence in women: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Protocol]. BMJ Open Sport and exercise medicine [online], 7, e001170. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2021-001170

Exercising women report three to six times more ACL tears than men, which happen, in the majority of cases, with a non-contact mechanism. This sex disparity has, in part, been attributed to the differences in reproductive hormone profiles between men... Read More about Effect of menstrual cycle phase, menstrual irregularities, and hormonal contraceptive use on anterior knee laxity and non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury occurrence in women: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Protocol].

The influence of season phase on multivariate load relationships in professional youth soccer. (2021)
Journal Article
MAUGHAN, P.C., MACFARLANE, N.G. and SWINTON, P.A. 2022. The influence of season phase on multivariate load relationships in professional youth soccer. Journal of sports sciences [online], 40(3), pages 345-350. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1993642

The purpose of this research was to assess relationships between subjective and external measures of training load in professional youth footballers, whilst accounting for the effect of the stage of the season. Data for ratings of perceived exertion... Read More about The influence of season phase on multivariate load relationships in professional youth soccer..

Extracellular buffering supplements to improve exercise capacity and performance: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. (2021)
Journal Article
FARIAS DE OLIVEIRA, L., DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P.A., DURKALEC-MICHALSKI, K., ARTIOLI, G.G., MCNAUGHTON, L.R. and SAUNDERS, B. 2022. Extracellular buffering supplements to improve exercise capacity and performance: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports medicine [online], 52(3), pages 505-526. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01575-x

Extracellular buffering supplements (sodium bicarbonate [SB], sodium citrate [SC], sodium/calcium lactate [SL/CL]) are ergogenic supplements though questions remain about factors which may modify their effect. The aim of this study was to quantify th... Read More about Extracellular buffering supplements to improve exercise capacity and performance: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis..

SMART technologies: the challenges and potential for addressing falls. (2021)
Journal Article
COOPER, K., ALEXANDER, L. and SWINTON, P. 2021. SMART technologies: the challenges and potential for addressing falls. JBI evidence synthesis [online], 19(10), pages 2476-2477. Available from: https://doi.org/10.11124/JBIES-21-00325

Falls are a significant and rapidly growing public health problem. It is estimated that 37.3 million falls require medical attention and more than 684,000 fall-related deaths occur globally each year.1 Falls occur across the lifespan, but they are a... Read More about SMART technologies: the challenges and potential for addressing falls..

Daily leucine intake is positively associated with lower limb skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly. (2021)
Journal Article
LIXANDRÃO, M.E., LONGOBARDI, I., LEITÃO, A.E., MORAIS, J.V.M., SWINTON, P.A., AIHARA, A.Y., GOES, P.C.K., UGRINOWITSCH, C., CANDOW, D.G., GUALANO, B. and ROSCHEL, H. 2021. Daily leucine intake is positively associated with lower limb skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly. Nutrients [online], 13(10), article number 3536. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103536

Higher daily protein intake, with an emphasis on leucine content, is thought to mitigate age-related anabolic resistance, potentially counteracting age-related morphological and functional declines. The present study investigated potential associatio... Read More about Daily leucine intake is positively associated with lower limb skeletal muscle mass and strength in the elderly..

Muscle strength and muscle mass as predictors of hospital length of stay in patients with moderate to severe COVID‐19: a prospective observational study. (2021)
Journal Article
GIL, S., FILHO, W.J., SHINJO, S.K., FERRIOLLI, E., BUSSE, A.L., AVELINO-SILVA, T.J., LONGOBARDI, I., DE OLIVEIRA JÚNIOR, G.N., SWINTON, P., GUALANO, B., ROSCHEL, H. and the HCFMUSP COVID-19 Study Group. 2021. Muscle strength and muscle mass as predictors of hospital length of stay in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19: a prospective observational study. Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle [online], 12(6), pages 1871-1878. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12789

Background: Strength and muscle mass are predictors of relevant clinical outcomes in critically ill patients, but in hospitalized patients with COVID-19, it remains to be determined. In this prospective observational study, we investigated whether mu... Read More about Muscle strength and muscle mass as predictors of hospital length of stay in patients with moderate to severe COVID‐19: a prospective observational study..

Warm-up intensity does not affect the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate in adult men. (2021)
Journal Article
JONES, R.L., STELLINGWERFF, T., SWINTON, P., ARTIOLI, G.G., SAUNDERS, B. and SALE, C. 2021. Warm-up intensity does not affect the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate in adult men. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism [online], 31(6), pages 482-489. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2021-0076

This study determined the influence of a high- (HI) versus low-intensity (LI) cycling warm-up on blood acid-base responses and exercise capacity following ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (SB; 0.3 g/kg body mass) or a placebo (PLA; maltodextrin) 3 hr... Read More about Warm-up intensity does not affect the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate in adult men..

Independent evaluation of ARMED service: final report. (2021)
Report
COOPER, K., FULFORD, H., SWINTON, P., COOPER, R., KYAW MYINT, P., BURNETT, V., HARRISON, I., MOSS, R. and PARKINSON, E. 2021. Independent evaluation of ARMED service: final report. Glasgow: Digital Health and Care Innovation Centre. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1481937

ARMED (HAS Technology, Lichfield, UK) is a falls prevention technology that combines a wrist-worn activity tracker with predictive analytics and machine learning to enable early intervention. Data from the tracker is augmented by weekly grip strength... Read More about Independent evaluation of ARMED service: final report..

Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2021)
Journal Article
MATTHEWS, J.J., DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P.A., SANTOS, L., ARTIOLI, G.G., TURNER, M.D., ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J. and SALE, C. 2021. Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Advances in nutrition [online], 12(6), pages 2216-2231. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmab087

There is growing evidence that supplementation with carnosine, or its rate-limiting precursor β-alanine, can ameliorate aspects of metabolic dysregulation that occur in diabetes and its related conditions. The purpose of this systematic review and me... Read More about Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis..

Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Dataset] (2021)
Dataset
MATTHEWS, J.J., DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P.A., SANTOS, L., ARTIOLI, G.G., TURNER, M.D., ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J. and SALE, C. 2021. Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Dataset]. Advances in nutrition [online], 12(6), pages 2216-2231. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/advances/advance-article/doi/10.1093/advances/nmab087/6333366#supplementary-data

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals. A systematic search of 6 electronic databases wa... Read More about Effect of carnosine or β-alanine supplementation on markers of glycemic control and insulin resistance in humans and animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Dataset].

Physical literacy: impact and cost effectiveness in primary school settings. (2021)
Thesis
KIDD, D.J. 2021. Physical literacy: impact and cost effectiveness in primary school settings. Robert Gordon University, MRes thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1712827

Physical activity and academic attainment of children are internationally regarded as some of the most significant areas of public concern and interest (World Health Organisation, 2010; Scottish Government, 2018). There are a range of interventions d... Read More about Physical literacy: impact and cost effectiveness in primary school settings..

Health technologies for the prevention and detection of falls in adult hospital inpatients: a scoping review. (2021)
Journal Article
COOPER, K., PAVLOVA, A., GREIG, L., SWINTON, P., KIRKPATRICK, P., MITCHELHILL, F., SIMPSON, S., STEPHEN, A. and ALEXANDER, L. 2021. Health technologies for the prevention and detection of falls in adult hospital inpatients: a scoping review. JBI evidence synthesis [online], 19(10), pages 2478-2658. Available from: https://doi.org/10.11124/JBIES-20-00114

Objective:The objective of this scoping review was to examine and map the evidence relating to the reporting and evaluation of technologies for the prevention and detection of falls in adult hospital inpatients.Introduction:Falls are a common cause o... Read More about Health technologies for the prevention and detection of falls in adult hospital inpatients: a scoping review..

Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine. [Dataset] (2021)
Dataset
ESTEVES, G.P., SWINTON, P., SALE, C., JAMES, R.M., ARTIOLI, G.G., ROSCHEL, H., GUALANO, B., SAUNDERS, B. and DOLAN, E. 2021. Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine. [Dataset]. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism [online], 31(4), pages 305-313. Available from: https://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/ijsnem/31/4/article-p305.xml?content=supplementary-materials

Currently, little is known about the extent of inter-individual variability in response to beta-alanine (BA) supplementation, nor what proportion of said variability can be attributed to external factors, or to the intervention itself (intervention r... Read More about Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine. [Dataset].

Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine. (2021)
Journal Article
ESTEVES, G.P., SWINTON, P., SALE, C., JAMES, R.M., ARTIOLI, G.G., ROSCHEL, H., GUALANO, B., SAUNDERS, B. and DOLAN, E. 2021. Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism [online], 31(4), pages 305-313. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2021-0038

Currently, little is known about the extent of inter-individual variability in response to beta-alanine (BA) supplementation, nor what proportion of said variability can be attributed to external factors, or to the intervention itself (intervention r... Read More about Individual participant data meta-analysis provides no evidence of individual response variation in individuals supplementing with beta-alanine..

The utility of mathematical fitness-fatigue models for assisting with the planning of physical training for sport: from in silico experiments employing synthetic data, lower-bound operational conditions and model estimation, to the development of software resources for future research. (2021)
Thesis
STEPHENS HEMINGWAY, B.H. 2021. The utility of mathematical fitness-fatigue models for assisting with the planning of physical training for sport: from in silico experiments employing synthetic data, lower-bound operational conditions and model estimation, to the development of software resources for future research. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1603154

The greatest potential application of mathematical models in sport science is to predict future performance of individual athletes in response to training, with sufficient accuracy to assist with planning of training programs and short tapering perio... Read More about The utility of mathematical fitness-fatigue models for assisting with the planning of physical training for sport: from in silico experiments employing synthetic data, lower-bound operational conditions and model estimation, to the development of software resources for future research..

Spatial-temporal metrics to assess collective behavior in football: a systematic review and assessment of research quality and applicability. (2021)
Journal Article
CORSIE, M., CRAIG, T., SWINTON, P.A. and BUCHANAN, N. 2021. Spatial-temporal metrics to assess collective behaviour in football: a systematic review and assessment of research quality and applicability. Journal of athletic enhancement [online], 10(8). Available from: https://bit.ly/3GmZZQu

Extensive research has been conducted to investigate collective behaviour of football players using spatial-temporal data. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesise and evaluate the applicability of this research by reviewing informatio... Read More about Spatial-temporal metrics to assess collective behavior in football: a systematic review and assessment of research quality and applicability..

Reply to G.A. Sforzo. (2021)
Journal Article
SIECZKOWSKA, S.M., PADILHA DE LIMA, A., SWINTON, P.A., DOLAN, E., ROSCHEL, H. and GUALANO, B. 2021. Reply to G.A. Sforzo. Advances in nutrition [online], 12(3), pages 1043-1044. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmab021

This is a letter to the editor, by the authors, in response to a comment: SFORZO, G., MOORE, M., MOORE, G. and HARENBERG, S. 2021. Comment on 'Health coaching: 100 strategies for weight loss: a systematic review and meta-anlaysis'. Advances in nutrit... Read More about Reply to G.A. Sforzo..

Which treatments are most effective for common tendinopathies? A systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol. (2021)
Working Paper
SWINTON, P.A., SHIM, J., PAVLOVA, A.V., MOSS, R.A., MACLEAN, C., BRANDIE, D., MITCHELL, L., GREIG, L., PARKINSON, E., MORRISSEY, D., ALEXANDER, L. and COOPER, K. 2021. Which treatments are most effective for common tendinopathies? A systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol. SportRxiv [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31236/osf.io/mx5pv

This is a preprint for a protocol. The purpose of the study described by the protocol was to compare the effectiveness of different treatment classes across a range of tendinopathies and outcomes, to better establish a treatment hierarchy. Where suff... Read More about Which treatments are most effective for common tendinopathies? A systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol..

The suitability of a quasi-Newton algorithm for estimating fitness-fatigue models: sensitivity, troublesome local optima and implications for future research (an in silico experimental design). (2021)
Working Paper
STEPHENS HEMINGWAY, B., SWINTON, P. and OGOREK, B. 2021. The suitability of a quasi-Newton algorithm for estimating fitness-fatigue models: sensitivity, troublesome local optima and implications for future research (an in silico experimental design). SportRxiv [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31236/osf.io/dx7gm

Fitting an FFM via NLS in practice assumes that a unique optimal solution exists and can be found by the algorithm applied. However, this idealistic scenario may not hold for two reasons: 1) the absolute minimum may not be unique; and 2) local minima... Read More about The suitability of a quasi-Newton algorithm for estimating fitness-fatigue models: sensitivity, troublesome local optima and implications for future research (an in silico experimental design)..

Empirically derived guidelines for interpreting the effectiveness of exercise therapy for tendinopathies: a protocol. (2021)
Working Paper
SWINTON, P.A., SHIM, J., PAVLOVA, A.V., MOSS, R.A., MACLEAN, C., BRANDIE, D., MITCHELL, L., GREIG, L., PARKINSON, E., MORRISSEY, D., ALEXANDER, L. and COOPER, K. 2021. Empirically derived guidelines for interpreting the effectiveness of exercise therapy for tendinopathies: a protocol. SportRxiv [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31236/osf.io/y7sk6

This is a preprint for a protocol. The aim of the study described by the protocol was to perform a large synthesis of the available research investigating exercise therapy for tendinopathies, creating empirically derived thresholds to benchmark inter... Read More about Empirically derived guidelines for interpreting the effectiveness of exercise therapy for tendinopathies: a protocol..