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The muscle carnosine response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with bayesian individual and aggregate data e-max model and meta-analysis. (2020)
Journal Article
REZENDE, N.S., SWINTON, P., DE OLIVEIRA, L.F., DA SILVA, R.P., DA EIRA SILVA, V., NEMEZIO, K., YAMAGUCHI, G., ARTIOLI, G.G., GUALANO, B., SAUNDERS, B. and DOLAN, E. 2020. The muscle carnosine response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with bayesian individual and aggregate data E-max model and meta-analysis. Frontiers in physiology [online], 11, article ID 913. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00913

Beta-alanine (BA) supplementation increases muscle carnosine content (MCarn), and has many proven, and purported, ergogenic and therapeutic benefits. Currently, many questions on the nature of the MCarn response to supplementation are open, and the r... Read More about The muscle carnosine response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with bayesian individual and aggregate data e-max model and meta-analysis..

The effects of oral contraceptives on exercise performance in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2020)
Journal Article
ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J., MCNULTY, K.L., ANSDELL, P., GOODALL, S., HICKS, K.M. THOMAS, K., SWINTON, P.A. and DOLAN, E. 2020. The effects of oral contraceptives on exercise performance in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports medicine [online], 50(10), pages 1785-1812. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01317-5

Background: Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are double agents, which downregulate endogenous concentrations of oestradiol and progesterone whilst simultaneously providing daily supplementation of exogenous oestrogen and progestin during the OCP-takin... Read More about The effects of oral contraceptives on exercise performance in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis..

The effects of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance in eumenorrheic women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2020)
Journal Article
MCNULTY, K.L., ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J., DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P.A., ANSDELL, P., GOODALL, S., THOMAS, K. and HICKS, K.M. 2020. The effects of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance in eumenorrheic women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports medicine [online], 50(10), pages 1813-1827. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01319-3

Background: Concentrations of endogenous sex hormones fluctuate across the menstrual cycle (MC), which could have implications for exercise performance in women. At present, data are conflicting, with no consensus on whether exercise performance is a... Read More about The effects of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance in eumenorrheic women: a systematic review and meta-analysis..

Coaches' naturalistic decision-making: injury prevention in youth elite soccer players. (2020)
Thesis
SOMERS, S. 2020. Coaches' naturalistic decision-making: injury prevention in youth elite soccer players. Robert Gordon University [online], MRes thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

The purpose of this study is to uncover and understand the naturalistic decision-making process in youth academy soccer coaches, when making decisions for mitigating injury in youth soccer players. Data were collected on seven youth academy soccer co... Read More about Coaches' naturalistic decision-making: injury prevention in youth elite soccer players..

Is individualization of sodium bicarbonate ingestion based on time to peak necessary? (2020)
Journal Article
FARIAS DE OLIVEIRA, L., SAUNDERS, B., YAMAGUCHI, G., SWINTON, P. and GIANNINI ARTIOLI, G. 2020. Is individualization of sodium bicarbonate ingestion based on time to peak necessary? Medicine and science in sports and exercise [online], 52(8), pages 1801-1808. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002313

Purpose: To describe the reliability of blood bicarbonate pharmacokinetics in response to sodium bicarbonate (SB) supplementation across multiple occasions and assess, using putative thresholds, whether individual variation indicated a need for indiv... Read More about Is individualization of sodium bicarbonate ingestion based on time to peak necessary?.

The effectiveness of exercise interventions for tendinopathy. [Protocol] (2020)
Other
COOPER, K., ALEXANDER, L., SWINTON, P., MORRISSEY, D., PAVLOVA, A., MITCHELL, L., BRANDIE, D., TZORTZIOU BROWN, V. and MACLEAN, C. 2020. The effectiveness of exercise interventions for tendinopathy. [Protocol]. PROSPERO [online], item number CRD42020168187. Available from: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020168187

This is a protocol for a study that aimed to determine: 1) which exercise interventions are most effective across all tendinopathies; 2) does the type/location of the tendinopathy, or other specific covariates, affect which are the most effective exe... Read More about The effectiveness of exercise interventions for tendinopathy. [Protocol].

Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis. (2019)
Working Paper
SAFFIOTI REZENDE, N., SWINTON, P., FARIAS DE OLIVEIRA, L., PIRES DA SILVA, R., EIRA DA SILVA, V., NEMEZIO, K., YAMAGUCHI, G., ARTIOLI, G.G., GUALANO, B., SAUNDERS, B. and DOLAN, E. 2019. Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis. bioRxiv [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1101/870584

Beta-alanine (BA) supplementation increases muscle carnosine content (MCarn) and is ergogenic in many situations. Currently, many questions on the nature of the Mcarn response to supplementation are open, and the responses to these have considerable... Read More about Human skeletal muscle has large capacity to increase carnosine content in response to beta-alanine supplementation: a systematic review with Bayesian individual and aggregate data E-Max model and meta-analysis..

Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship. (2019)
Journal Article
KEOGH, J.W.L., HENWOOD, T., GARDINER, P.A., TUCKETT, A.G., HETHERINGTON, S., ROUSE, K. and SWINTON, P. 2019. Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship. PeerJ [online], 7, article number e8140. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8140

Background. This study sought to better understand the psychometric properties of the SARC-F, by examining the baseline and training-related relationships between the five SARC-F items and objective measures of muscle function. Each of the five items... Read More about Sarc-F and muscle function in community dwelling adults with aged care service needs: baseline and post-training relationship..

Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial. (2019)
Journal Article
HETHERINGTON, S., SWINTON, P., HENWOOD, T., KEOGH, J., GARDINER, P., TUCKETT, A., ROUSE, K. and COMANS, T. 2020. Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial. Journal of aging and physical activity [online], 28(3), pages 352-359. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2019-0085

In this article, the authors assessed the cost-effectiveness of center-based exercise training for older Australians. The participants were recipients of in-home care services, and they completed 24 weeks of progressive resistance plus balance traini... Read More about Progressive resistance plus balance training for older Australians receiving in-home care services: cost-effectiveness analyses alongside the muscling up against disability stepped-wedge randomized control trial..

Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition. (2019)
Journal Article
MAUGHAN, P.C. and SWINTON, P.A. 2020. Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition. International journal of sports science and coaching [online], 15(1), pages 72-81. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119889950

Intensified periods of competition create large increase in physical workload and can expose soccer players to numerous playing styles. The purpose of the study was to investigate the response of youth soccer players to an intensified period of compe... Read More about Physiological and perceptual responses of youth soccer players to an intensified period of competition..

The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach. (2019)
Journal Article
STEPHENS HEMINGWAY, B.H., BURGESS, K.E., ELYAN, E. and SWINTON, P.A. 2020. The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach. International journal of sports science and coaching [online], 15(1), pages 60-71. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119887721

This study investigated the effects of measurement error and testing frequency on prediction accuracy of the standard fitness-fatigue model. A simulation-based approach was used to systematically assess measurement error and frequency inputs commonly... Read More about The effects of measurement error and testing frequency on the fitness-fatigue model applied to resistance training: a simulation approach..

Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance. (2019)
Journal Article
SAUNDERS, B., VIRGILE, A., ELLIOTT-SALE, K. J., ARTIOLI, G.G., SWINTON, P.A., DOLAN, E., ROSCHEL, H., SALE, C. and GUALANO, B. 2020. Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance. British journal of sports medicine [online], 54(15), pages 925-926. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101129

Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) is an abundant compound in skeletal muscle, suggesting it plays an important role during exercise, with a key physiological role considered to be intracellular pH regulation. Chronic β-alanine supplementation can incr... Read More about Infographic. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of β-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and performance..

A systematic risk assessment and meta-analysis on the use of oral β-alanine supplementation. (2019)
Journal Article
DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P.A., PAINELLI, V.D.S., HEMINGWAY, B.S., MAZZOLANI, B., SMAIRA, F.I., SAUNDERS, B., ARTIOLI, G.G. and GUALANO, B. 2019. A systematic risk assessment and meta-analysis on the use of oral ß-alanine supplementation. Advances in nutrition [online], 10(3), pages 452-463. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmy115

β-Alanine supplementation is one of the world's most commonly used sports supplements, and its use as a nutritional strategy in other populations is ever-increasing, due to evidence of pleiotropic ergogenic and therapeutic benefits. Despite its wides... Read More about A systematic risk assessment and meta-analysis on the use of oral β-alanine supplementation..

Health technologies for falls prevention and detection in adult hospital in-patients: a scoping review protocol. (2019)
Other
ALEXANDER, L., SWINTON, P., KIRKPATRICK, P., STEPHEN, A., MITCHELHILL, F., SIMPSON, S. and COOPER, K. 2019. Health technologies for falls prevention and detection in adult hospital in-patients: a scoping review protocol. [Protocol]. JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports [online], 17(5), pages 667-674. Available from: https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003844

Review objective/questions: The objective of this scoping review is to map the evidence relating to the reporting and evaluation of health technologies for the prevention and detection of falls in adult hospital in-patients. The following questions w... Read More about Health technologies for falls prevention and detection in adult hospital in-patients: a scoping review protocol..

The association of sitting time with sarcopenia status and physical performance at baseline and 18-month follow up in the residential aged care setting. (2018)
Journal Article
REID, N., KEOGH, J.W., SWINTON, P., GARDINER, P.A. and HENWOOD, T.R. 2018. The association of sitting time with sarcopenia status and physical performance at baseline and 18-month follow up in the residential aged care setting. Journal of aging and physical activity [online], 26(3), pages 445-450. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0204

This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in residential aged care residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time)... Read More about The association of sitting time with sarcopenia status and physical performance at baseline and 18-month follow up in the residential aged care setting..

A statistical framework to interpret individual response to intervention: paving the way for personalised nutrition and exercise prescription. (2018)
Journal Article
SWINTON, P.A., HEMINGWAY, B.S., SAUNDERS, B., GUALANO, B. and DOLAN, E. 2018. A statistical framework to interpret individual response to intervention: paving the way for personalised nutrition and exercise prescription. Frontiers in nutrition [online], 5, article number 41. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2018.00041

The concept of personalised nutrition and exercise prescription represents a topical and exciting progression for the discipline given the large inter-individual variability that exists in response to virtually all performance and health related inte... Read More about A statistical framework to interpret individual response to intervention: paving the way for personalised nutrition and exercise prescription..

The relationship between adipose mass and bone density in an over-weight/obese population: a systematic review protocol. [Protocol] (2018)
Other
DOLAN, E., HEALY, A., O'REILLY, J. and SWINTON, P. 2015. The relationship between adipose mass and bone density in an over-weight/obese population: a systematic review protocol. [Protocol]. PROSPERO [online], item number CRD42015024313. Available from https://doi.org/10.15124/CRD42015024313

This review aims to look at the relationship between adipose mass and bone density in an overweight/obese population. The available evidence does appear to support evidence of a positive relationship between adipose mass and bone density when conside... Read More about The relationship between adipose mass and bone density in an over-weight/obese population: a systematic review protocol. [Protocol].

Engineering improved balance confidence in older adults with complex health care needs: learning from the muscling up against disability study. (2018)
Journal Article
HETHERINGTON, S., HENWOOD, T., SWINTON, P., KEOGH, J., GARDINER, P., TUCKETT, A. and ROUSE, K. 2018. Engineering improved balance confidence in older adults with complex health care needs: learning from the muscling up against disability study. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation [online], 99(8), pages 1525-1532. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.03.004

This study investigated the correlation between balance confidence, and physical and cognitive markers of wellbeing. The study was particularly focused on the demographic of older adults who were in receipt of government-funded aged-care services. Th... Read More about Engineering improved balance confidence in older adults with complex health care needs: learning from the muscling up against disability study..

Quantifying the effects of acute hypoxic exposure on exercise performance and capacity: a systematic review and meta-regression. (2017)
Journal Article
DEB, S.K., BROWN, D.R., GOUGH, L.A., MCLELLAN, C.P., SWINTON, P.A., SPARKS, S.A. and MCNAUGHTON, L.R. 2018. Quantifying the effects of acute hypoxic exposure on exercise performance and capacity: a systematic review and meta-regression. European journal of sport science [online], 18(2), pages 243-256. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1410233

The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of acute hypoxic exposure on exercise capacity and performance, which includes continuous and intermittent forms of exercise. A systematic review was conducted with a three-level mixed effects meta-re... Read More about Quantifying the effects of acute hypoxic exposure on exercise performance and capacity: a systematic review and meta-regression..

Influence of adipose tissue mass on bone mass in an overweight or obese population: systematic review and meta-analysis. (2017)
Journal Article
DOLAN, E., SWNTON, P.A., SALE, C., HEALY, A. and O'REILLY, J. 2017. Influence of adipose tissue mass on bone mass in an overweight or obese population: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition reviews [online], 75(10), pagers 858-870. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nux046

Context: The scientific literature shows conflicting evidence about the relationship between adiposity and bone mass in overweight and obese populations. Objective: The aim of this review was to quantify the correlation between adipose mass (absolute... Read More about Influence of adipose tissue mass on bone mass in an overweight or obese population: systematic review and meta-analysis..