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Using cellulose polymorphs for enhanced hydrogen production from photocatalytic reforming. (2019)
Journal Article
CHANG, C., SKILLEN, N., NAGARAJAN, S., RALPHS, K., IRVINE, J.T.S., LAWTON, L. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2019. Using cellulose polymorphs for enhanced hydrogen production from photocatalytic reforming. Sustainable energy and fuels [online], 3(8), pages 1971-1975. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/c9se00377k

Efficient energy production and waste valorisation are the most challenging fields in photocatalysis. Reported here is enhanced hydrogen production from cellulose, achieved through the conversion of cellulose I to II via a simple pretreatment step.

A photocatalytic impeller reactor for gas phase heterogeneous photocatalysis. (2017)
Journal Article
TOKODE, O., PRABHU, R., LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2017. A photocatalytic impeller reactor for gas phase heterogeneous photocatalysis. Journal of environmental chemical engineering [online], 5(4), pages 3942-3948. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.07.068

A novel photocatalytic reactor based on a stirred tank configuration has been described. This reactor employs the use of photocatalytic impellers to aid the mass transport of gaseous organic compounds during photocatalytic reactions. Experiments invo... Read More about A photocatalytic impeller reactor for gas phase heterogeneous photocatalysis..

Energy efficient operation of photocatalytic reactors based on UV LEDs for pollution remediation in water. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
PRABHU, R., HEWITT, F., GEORGIEVA, G., MEENAKSHI, H.N., LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2017. Energy efficient operation of photocatalytic reactors based on UV LEDs for pollution remediation in water. In Proceedings of OCEANS 2017, 19-22 June 2017, Aberdeen, UK. New York: IEEE [online], article number 8085011, pages 2623-2627. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/OCEANSE.2017.8085011

Photocatalytic technology using TiO2 is one of the emerging approaches for water treatment, especially as a final step to remove complex organics such as pesticides, hormones or humic acids. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a semiconductor material with st... Read More about Energy efficient operation of photocatalytic reactors based on UV LEDs for pollution remediation in water..

Cellulose II as bioethanol feedstock and its advantages over native cellulose. (2017)
Journal Article
NAGARAJAN, S., SKILLEN, N.C., IRVINE, J.T.S, LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K. 2017. Cellulose II as bioethanol feedstock and its advantages over native cellulose. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews [online], 77, pages 182-192. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.118

Alternative renewable energy must emerge to sustainably meet the energy demands of the present and future. Current alternatives to fossil fuels are electricity from solar, wind and tidal energies and biofuels. Biofuels, especially bioethanol could be... Read More about Cellulose II as bioethanol feedstock and its advantages over native cellulose..

Mixing regime simulation and cellulose particle tracing in a stacked frame photocatalytic reactor. (2016)
Journal Article
NAGARAJAN, S., STELLA, L., LAWTON, L.A., IRVINE, J.T.S. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2017. Mixing regime simulation and cellulose particle tracing in a stacked frame photocatalytic reactor. Chemical engineering journal [online], 313, pages 301-308. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.12.016

To sustainably meet the global energy demand, unconventional methods to produce renewable energy must emerge. Biofuels from cellulose (via fermentable sugar production) mediated via photocatalysis provides an alternative to conventional fossil fuels.... Read More about Mixing regime simulation and cellulose particle tracing in a stacked frame photocatalytic reactor..

Comparative assessment of visible light and UV active photocatalysts by hydroxyl radical quantification. (2016)
Journal Article
NAGARAJAN, S., SKILLEN, N.C., FINA, F., ZHANG, G., RANDORN, C., LAWTON, L.A., IRVINE, J.T.S. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2016. Comparative assessment of visible light and UV active photocatalysts by hydroxyl radical quantification. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology A: chemistry [online], 334, pages 13-19. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2016.10.034

A simple method for determining hydroxyl radical yields on semiconductor photocatalysts is highly desirable, especially when comparing different photocatalyst materials. This paper reports the screening of a selection of visible light active photocat... Read More about Comparative assessment of visible light and UV active photocatalysts by hydroxyl radical quantification..

Controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis. (2015)
Journal Article
TOKODE, O., PRABHU, R., LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2015. Controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology A: chemistry [online], 319-320, pages 96-106. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2015.12.002

Controlled periodic illumination is a hypothesis postulated in the early 1990s for enhancing the efficiency of semiconductor photocatalytic reactions. This technique has been proposed to improve photocatalytic efficiency by the nature of photon intro... Read More about Controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis..

Simultaneous cellulose conversion and hydrogen production assisted by cellulose decomposition under UV-light photcatalysis. (2015)
Journal Article
ZHANG, G., NI, C., HUANG, X., WELGARMAGE, A., LAWTON, L.A., ROBERTSON, P.K.J. and IRVINE, J.T.S. 2016. Simultaneous cellulose conversion and hydrogen production assisted by cellulose decomposition under UV-light photcatalysis. Chemical communications [online], 52, pages 1673-1676. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/c5cc09075j

Photocatalytic conversion of cellulose to sugars and carbon dioxide with simultaneous production of hydrogen assisted by cellulose decomposition under UV or solar light irradiation was achieved upon immobilization of cellulose onto a TiO2 photocataly... Read More about Simultaneous cellulose conversion and hydrogen production assisted by cellulose decomposition under UV-light photcatalysis..

The application of a novel fluidised photo reactor under UV-Visible and natural solar irradiation in the photocatalytic generation of hydrogen. (2015)
Journal Article
SKILLEN, N., ADAMS, M., MCCULLAGH, C., RYU, S.Y., FINA, F., HOFFMANN, M.R., IRVINE, J.T.S. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2016. The application of a novel fluidised photo reactor under UV-Visible and natural solar irradiation in the photocatalytic generation of hydrogen. Chemical engineering journal [online], 286, pages 610-621. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.10.101

With advancements in the development of visible light responsive catalysts for H2 production frequently being reported, photocatalytic water splitting has become an attractive method as a potential solar fuel generator. The development of novel photo... Read More about The application of a novel fluidised photo reactor under UV-Visible and natural solar irradiation in the photocatalytic generation of hydrogen..

Photocatalytic degradation of eleven microcystin variants and nodularin by TiO2 coated glass microspheres. (2015)
Journal Article
PESTANA, C.J., EDWARDS, C., PRABHU, R., ROBERTSON, P.K.J. and LAWTON, L.A. 2015. Photocatalytic degradation of eleven microcystin variants and nodularin by TiO2 coated glass microspheres. Journal of hazardous materials [online], 300, pages 347-353. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.07.016

Microcystins and nodularin are toxic cyanobacterial secondary metabolites produced by cyanobacteria that pose a threat to human health in drinking water. Conventional water treatment methods often fail to remove these toxins. Advanced oxidation proce... Read More about Photocatalytic degradation of eleven microcystin variants and nodularin by TiO2 coated glass microspheres..

The effect of pH on the photonic efficiency of the destruction of methyl orange under controlled periodic illumination with UV-LED sources. (2014)
Journal Article
TOKODE, O., PRABHU, R., LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2014. The effect of pH on the photonic efficiency of the destruction of methyl orange under controlled periodic illumination with UV-LED sources. Chemical engineering journal [online], 246, pages 337-342. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.03.002

The nature of photon interaction and reaction pH can have significant impacts on semiconductor photocatalysis. This paper describes the effect of pH on the photonic efficiency of photocatalytic reactions in the aqueous phase using TiO2 catalysts. The... Read More about The effect of pH on the photonic efficiency of the destruction of methyl orange under controlled periodic illumination with UV-LED sources..

Development and application of novel tracers for environmental applications. (2010)
Thesis
ADAMS, M. 2010. Development and application of novel tracers for environmental applications. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Novel glass tracers, organic and inorganic polymers based on narrow band atomic fluorescence, have been developed for deployment as environmental tracers. The use of discrete fluorescent species in an environmentally stable host has been investigated... Read More about Development and application of novel tracers for environmental applications..

Photo-dynamic biocidal action of methylene blue and hydrogen peroxide on the cyanobacterium Synechococcus leopoliensis under visible light irradiation. (2006)
Journal Article
MCCULLAGH, C. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2006. Photo-dynamic biocidal action of methylene blue and hydrogen peroxide on the cyanobacterium Synechococcus leopoliensis under visible light irradiation. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology B: biology [online], 83(1), pages 63-68. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2005.11.013

Biofilm growth on stone surfaces is a significant contributing factor to stone biodeterioration. Current market based biocides are hazardous to the environment and to public health. We have investigated the photo-dynamic effect of methylene blue (MB)... Read More about Photo-dynamic biocidal action of methylene blue and hydrogen peroxide on the cyanobacterium Synechococcus leopoliensis under visible light irradiation..

The destruction of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin using titanium dioxide photocatalysis. (2003)
Journal Article
LAWTON, L.A., ROBERTSON, P.K.J., ROBERTSON, R.F. and BRUCE, F.G. 2003. The destruction of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin using titanium dioxide photocatalysis. Applied catalysis B: environmental [online], 44(1), pages 9-13. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(03)00005-5

Geosmin (GSM) and 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) are semi-volatile compounds produced by cyanobacteria in surface waters. These compounds present problems to the drinking water industry and in aquaculture because they can taint water and fish producing an... Read More about The destruction of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin using titanium dioxide photocatalysis..

Processes influencing surface interaction and photocatalytic destruction of microcystins on titanium dioxide photocatalysts. (2003)
Journal Article
LAWTON, L., ROBERTSON, P., CORNISH, B., MARR, I. and JASPARS, M. 2003. Processes influencing surface interaction and photocatalytic destruction of microcystins on titanium dioxide photocatalysts. Journal of catalysis [online], 213(1), pages 109-113. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9517(02)00049-0

Microcystins are a family of hepatotoxic peptides produced by freshwater cyanobacteria. Their occurrence in drinking water is of concern since chronic exposure to these toxins causes tumor promotion. It is therefore essential to establish a reliable... Read More about Processes influencing surface interaction and photocatalytic destruction of microcystins on titanium dioxide photocatalysts..

Mechanistic and toxicity studies of the photocatalytic oxidation of microcystin-LR. (2002)
Journal Article
LIU, I., LAWTON, L.A., CORNISH, B. and ROBERTSON, P., 2002. Mechanistic and toxicity studies of the photocatalytic oxidation of microcystin-LR. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology A: chemistry [online], 148(1-3), pages 349-354. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-6030(02)00062-X

Cyanobacterial toxins present in drinking water sources pose a considerable threat to human health. Conventional water treatment systems have proven unreliable for the removal of these toxins and hence new techniques have been investigated. Previous... Read More about Mechanistic and toxicity studies of the photocatalytic oxidation of microcystin-LR..

Physico-chemical treatment methods for the removal of microcystins (cyanobacterial hepatotoxins) from potable waters. (1999)
Journal Article
LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 1999. Physico-chemical treatment methods for the removal of microcystins (cyanobacterial hepatotoxins) from potable waters. Chemical society reviews [online], 28(4), pages 217-224. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/A805416I

The incidence of cyanobacterial blooms in freshwaters, including drinking water reservoirs, has increased over the past few decades due to rising nutrient levels. Microcystins are hepatotoxins released from cyanobacteria and have been responsible for... Read More about Physico-chemical treatment methods for the removal of microcystins (cyanobacterial hepatotoxins) from potable waters..

Processes influencing the destruction of Microcystin-LR by TiO2 photocatalysis. (1998)
Journal Article
ROBERTSON, P.K.J., LAWTON, L.A., CORNISH, B.J.P.A. and JASPARS, M. 1998. Processes influencing the destruction of Microcystin-LR by TiO2 photocatalysis. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology A: chemistry [online], 116(3), pages 215-219. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-6030(98)00312-8

We have previously reported the effectiveness of TiO2 photocatalysis in the destruction of the cyanotoxin microcystin-LR [P.K.J. Robertson, L.A. Lawton, B. Münch, J. Rouzade, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 4 (1997) 393; P.K.J. Robertson, L.A. Lawton,... Read More about Processes influencing the destruction of Microcystin-LR by TiO2 photocatalysis..

Destruction of cyanobacterial toxins by semiconductor photocatalysis. (1997)
Journal Article
ROBERTSON, P.K.J., LAWTON, L.A., M√úNCH, B. and ROUZADE, J. 1997. Destruction of cyanobacterial toxins by semiconductor photocatalysis. Chemical communications [online], 4, pages 393-394. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/A607965B

The rapid destruction of microcystin, a cyanobacterial toxin, using a titanium dioxide photocatalyst is observed; the process is extremely efficient with high concentrations of toxin completely undetectable within 10“40 min, depending on the initial... Read More about Destruction of cyanobacterial toxins by semiconductor photocatalysis..

Influence of environmental conditions and architectural form on the design and thermal performance of the flat-plate solar collector system. (1981)
Thesis
ROBERTSON, P. 1981. Influence of environmental conditions and architectural form on the design and thermal performance of the flat-plate solar collector system. Robert Gordon's Institute of Technology, PhD thesis.

Solar heating systems, by the nature of their design and inherent thermal mass, are sensitive to the changes in the prevailing climatic conditions. A computer program has been developed to predict and display the dynamic performance of solar water he... Read More about Influence of environmental conditions and architectural form on the design and thermal performance of the flat-plate solar collector system..