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Human-centered specification exemplars for critical infrastructure environments. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S., LYKOU, G., PARTRIDGE, A., GRITZALIS, D., MYLONAS, A. and KATOS, V. 2016. Human-centered specification exemplars for critical infrastructure environments. In Proceedings of the 30th International BCS human computer interaction conference (HCI 2016): fusion, 11-15 July 2016, Poole, UK. Swindon: BCS [online], article number 93. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/HCI2016.93

Specification models of critical infrastructure focus on parts of a larger environment. However, to consider the security of critical infrastructure systems, we need approaches for modelling the sum of these parts; these include people and activities... Read More about Human-centered specification exemplars for critical infrastructure environments..

Ethical hazards and safeguards in penetration testing. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S., IACOB, C. and FIELD, S. 2016. Ethical hazards and safeguards in penetration testing. In Proceedings of the 30th International BCS human computer interaction conference (HCI 2016): fusion, 11-15 July 2016, Poole, UK. Swindon: BCS [online], article number 83. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/HCI2016.83

Penetration testing entails attacking a system to identify and report insecurity, but doing so without harming the system nor encroaching on the dignity of those affected by it. To improve the interaction between penetration testers and their process... Read More about Ethical hazards and safeguards in penetration testing..

Persona-driven information security awareness. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
KI-ARIES, D., FAILY, S. and BECKERS, K. 2016. Persona-driven information security awareness. In Proceedings of the 30th International BCS human computer interaction conference (HCI 2016): fusion, 11-15 July 2016, Poole, UK. Swindon: BCS [online], article number 97. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/HCI2016.97

Because human factors are a root cause of security breaches in many organisations, security awareness activities are often used to address problematic behaviours and improve security culture. Previous work has found that personas are useful for ident... Read More about Persona-driven information security awareness..

The application of useless Japanese inventions for requirements elicitation in information security. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
PARTRIDGE, A. and FAILY, S. 2016. The application of useless Japanese inventions for requirements elicitation in information security. In Proceedings of the 30th International BCS human computer interaction conference (HCI 2016): fusion, 11-15 July 2016, Poole, UK. Swindon: BCS [online], article number 102. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/HCI2016.102

Rules of requirements elicitation in security are broken through the use of Chind?gu, by designing impractical security countermeasures in the first instance, then using these to create usable security requirements. We present a process to conceive t... Read More about The application of useless Japanese inventions for requirements elicitation in information security..

Gulfs of expectation: eliciting and verifying differences in trust expectations using personas (2016)
Journal Article
FAILY, S., POWER, D. and FLÉCHAIS, I. 2016. Gulfs of expectation: eliciting and verifying differences in trust expectations using personas. Journal of trust management [online], 3, article number 4. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40493-016-0025-9

Personas are a common tool used in Human Computer Interaction to represent the needs and expectations of a system's stakeholders, but they are also grounded in large amounts of qualitative data. Our aim is to make use of this data to anticipate the d... Read More about Gulfs of expectation: eliciting and verifying differences in trust expectations using personas.

Water, water, every where: nuances for a water industry critical infrastructure specification exemplar. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S., STERGIOPOULOS, G., KATOS, V. and GRITZALIS, D. 2016. Water, water, every where: nuances for a water industry critical infrastructure specification exemplar. In Rome, E., Theocharidou, M. and Wolthusen, S. (eds.) Critical information infrastructures security: revised selected papers from the proceedings of the 10th International conference on critical information infrastructures security (CRITIS 2015), 5-7 October 2015, Berlin, Germany. Lecture notes in computer science, 9578. Cham: Springer [online], pages 243-246. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33331-1_20

The water infrastructure is critical to human life, but little attention has been paid to the nuances of the water industry. Without such attention, evaluating security innovation in this domain without compromising the productivity goals when delive... Read More about Water, water, every where: nuances for a water industry critical infrastructure specification exemplar..

Usability and security by design: a case study in research and development. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S., LYLE, J., FLÉCHAIS, I. and SIMPSON, A. 2015. Usability and security by design: a case study in research and development. In Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on useable security (USEC 2015), co-located with the 2015 Network and distributed system security symposium (NDSS 2015), 8 February 2015, San Diego, USA. Reston: Internet Society [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14722/usec.2015.23012

There is ongoing interest in utilising user experiences associated with security and privacy to better inform system design and development. However, there are few studies demonstrating how, together, security and usability design techniques can help... Read More about Usability and security by design: a case study in research and development..

Digital rights management: the four perspectives of developers, distributors, users and lawyers. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
MCDONALD, N., FAILY, S., FAVALE, M. and GATZIDIS, C. 2015. Digital rights management: the four perspectives of developers, distributors, users and lawyers. In Furnell, S.M. and Clarke, N.L. (eds.) Proceedings of the 9th International symposium on human aspects of information security and assurance (HAISA 2015), 1-3 July 2015, Mytilene, Greece. Plymouth: Plymouth University, pages 276-285.

Digital Rights Management (DRM) refers to a collection of security mechanisms that are widely deployed on a number of copyright-protected digital assets. However, despite the existence of a number of studies of the technical architectures of rights m... Read More about Digital rights management: the four perspectives of developers, distributors, users and lawyers..

Ethical dilemmas and dimensions in penetration testing. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S., MCALANEY, J. and IACOB, C. 2015. Ethical dilemmas and dimensions in penetration testing. In Furnell, S.M. and Clarke, N.L. (eds.) Proceedings of the 9th International symposium on human aspects of information security and assurance (HAISA 2015), 1-3 July 2015, Mytilene, Greece. Plymouth: Plymouth University, pages 233-242.

Penetration testers are required to attack systems to evaluate their security, but without engaging in unethical behaviour while doing so. Despite work on hacker values and studies into security practice, there is little literature devoted to the eth... Read More about Ethical dilemmas and dimensions in penetration testing..

Mitigating circumstances in cybercrime: a position paper. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
ALI, R., MCALANEY, J., FAILY, S., PHALP, K. and KATOS, V. 2015. Mitigating circumstances in cybercrime: a position paper. In Wu, Y., Min, G., Georgalas, N., Hu, J., Atzori, L., Jin, X., Jarvis, S., Liu, L. and Agüero Calvo, R. (eds.) CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICom 2015: proceedings of the 3rd International workshop on cybercrimes and emerging web environments (CEWE 2015), part of the 13th IEEE international conference on dependable, autonomic and secure computing (DASC 2015), co-located with the 15th IEEE international conference on computer and information technology (CIT 2015), the 14th IEEE international conference on ubiquitous computing and communications (IUCC 2015), and the 13th IEEE international conference on pervasive intelligence and computing (PICom 2015), 26-28 October 2015, Liverpool, UK. Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society [online], pages 1972-1976. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICOM.2015.292

This paper argues the need for considering mitigating circumstances in cybercrime. Mitigating circumstances are conditions which moderate the culpability of an offender of a committed offence. Our argument is based on several observations. The cybers... Read More about Mitigating circumstances in cybercrime: a position paper..

Human aspects of digital rights management: the perspective of content developers. [Conference Paper] (2015)
Presentation / Conference
FAVALE, M., MCDONALD, N., FAILY, S. and GATZIDIS, C. 2015. Human aspects of digital rights management: the perspective of content developers. Presented at the 4th International workshop on artificial intelligence and IP law (AIIP 2015): the story(s) of copyright, 9 December 2015, Braga, Portugal.

Legal norms and social behaviours are some of the human aspects surrounding the effectiveness and future of DRM security. Further exploration of these aspects would help unravel the complexities of the interaction between rights protection security a... Read More about Human aspects of digital rights management: the perspective of content developers. [Conference Paper].

Engaging stakeholders during late stage security design with assumption personas. (2015)
Journal Article
FAILY, S. 2015. Engaging stakeholders during late stage security design with assumption personas. Information and computer security [online], 23(4), pages 435-446. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/ICS-10-2014-0066

This paper aims to present an approach where assumption personas are used to engage stakeholders in the elicitation and specification of security requirements at a late stage of a system's design. The author has devised an approach for developing ass... Read More about Engaging stakeholders during late stage security design with assumption personas..

The mystery of security design. (2015)
Presentation / Conference
VALLINDRAS, A. and FAILY, S. 2015. The mystery of security design. Presented at the 29th British human computer interaction conference (British HCI 2015), 13-17 July 2015, Lincoln, UK.

Designing for security is hard without security getting in the way of design. Unfortunately, security is often promoted through fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD). As a result, the scale of FUD has now become so great that it hinders people's ability... Read More about The mystery of security design..

Embedding professional practice into the cybersecurity curriculum using ethics. (2015)
Presentation / Conference
FAILY, S. and JONES, M. 2015. Embedding professional practice into the cybersecurity curriculum using ethics. Presented at the UK workshop on cybersecurity training and education, 11 June 2015, Liverpool, UK.

Cybersecurity graduates are ready to tackle the technical problems they might face, but employability needs to be incorporated into the curriculum should they wish to tackle ill-defined professional challenges as well. We describe how employability w... Read More about Embedding professional practice into the cybersecurity curriculum using ethics..

Guest editorial preface: special issue on Evolving security and privacy requirements engineering (ESPRE'14) 2014, Sweden. (2015)
Journal Article
BECKERS, K., FAILY, S., LEE, S.-W. and MEAD, N. 2015. Guest editorial preface: special issue on Evolving security and privacy requirements engineering (ESPRE'14) 2014, Sweden. International journal of secure software engineering [online], 6(1), pages iv-vii. Available from: https://bit.ly/3pGkcZD

At the Evolving Security and Privacy Requirements Engineering (ESPRE) workshop, practitioners and researchers interested in security and privacy requirements gather to discuss significant issues in the field. In particular, ESPRE participants probe t... Read More about Guest editorial preface: special issue on Evolving security and privacy requirements engineering (ESPRE'14) 2014, Sweden..

The social psychology of cybersecurity. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
MCALANEY, J., TAYLOR, J. and FAILY, S. 2015. The social psychology of cybersecurity. In Proceedings of the 1st International conference on cyber security for sustainable society, 26-27 February 2015, Coventry, UK. Working papers of the SSN+, 3. London: Sustainable Society Network+, pages 686-689.

As the fields of HCI, cybersecurity and psychology continue to grow and diversify, there is greater overlap between these areas and new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration. This paper argues for a focus specifically on the role of socia... Read More about The social psychology of cybersecurity..

Engaging stakeholders in security design: an assumption-driven approach. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S. 2014. Engaging stakeholders in security design: an assumption-driven approach. In Clarke, N.L. and Furnell, S.M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International symposium on human aspects of information security and assurance (HAISA 2014), 8-9 July 2014, Plymouth, UK. Plymouth: Plymouth University, pages 21-29.

System stakeholders fail to engage with security until comparatively late in the design and development process. User Experience artefacts like personas and scenarios create this engagement, but creating and contextualising them is difficult without... Read More about Engaging stakeholders in security design: an assumption-driven approach..

Ethical hacking assessment as a vehicle for undergraduate cyber-security education. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
FAILY, S. 2014. Ethical hacking assessment as a vehicle for undergraduate cyber-security education. In Uhomoibhi, J.O., Linecar, P., Barikzai, S., Ross, M. and Staples, G. (eds.) Global issues in IT education: proceedings of the 19th International conference on software process improvement research, education and training (INSPIRE 2014), 15 April 2014, Southampton, UK. Southampton: Solent University, pages 79-90.

The need for cyber security professionals in the UK is growing, motivating the need to introduce cybersecurity at an earlier stage of an undergraduate's education. However, despite on-going interest in cybersecurity pedagogy, there has been comparati... Read More about Ethical hacking assessment as a vehicle for undergraduate cyber-security education..

Developing secure, unified, multi-device, and multi-domain platforms: a case study from the webinos project. (2014)
Book Chapter
ATZENI, A., LYLE, J. and FAILY, S. 2014. Developing secure, unified, multi-device, and multi-domain platforms: a case study from the webinos project. In Ruiz-Martinez, A., Marin-Lopez, R. and Pereniguez-Garcia, F. (eds.) Architectures and protocols for secure information technology infrastructures. Hershey: IGI Global [online], chapter 12, pages 310-333. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-4514-1.ch012

The need for integrated cross-platform systems is growing. Such systems can enrich the user experience, but also lead to greater security and privacy concerns than the sum of their existing components. To provide practical insights and suggest viable... Read More about Developing secure, unified, multi-device, and multi-domain platforms: a case study from the webinos project..

Finding and resolving security misusability with misusability cases. (2014)
Journal Article
FAILY, S. and FLÉCHAIS, I. 2016. Finding and resolving security misusability with misusability cases. Requirements engineering [online], 21(2), pages 209-223. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00766-014-0217-8

Although widely used for both security and usability concerns, scenarios used in security design may not necessarily inform the design of usability, and vice-versa. One way of using scenarios to bridge security and usability involves explicitly descr... Read More about Finding and resolving security misusability with misusability cases..