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COVID-19, students and the new educational landscape. (2022)
Conference Proceeding
SIEGEL, A.A., ZARB, M., ANDERSON, E., CRANE, B., GAO, A., LATULIPE, C., LOVELLETTE, E., MCNEILL, F. and MEHARG, D. 2022. COVID-19, students and the new education landscape. In ITiCSE '22: proceedings of the 27th ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) conference on Innovation and technology in computer science education 2022 (ITiCSE'22), 8-13 July 2022, Dublin, Ireland. New York: ACM [online], pages 574-575. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3502717.3532167

Students have experienced incredible shifts in the in their learning environments, brought about by the response of universities to the ever-changing public health mandates driven by waves and stages of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). Initially,... Read More about COVID-19, students and the new educational landscape..

Teaching through a global pandemic: educational landscapes before, during and after COVID-19. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SIEGEL, A.A., ZARB, M., ALSHAIGY, B., BLANCHARD, J., CRICK, T., GLASSEY, R., HOTT, J.R., LATULIPE, C., RIEDESEL, C., SENAPATHI, M., SIMON and WILLIAMS, D. 2021. Teaching through a global pandemic: educational landscapes before, during and after COVID-19. In ITiCSE-WGR '21: proceedings of the 26th ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) conference Working group reports on Innovation and technology in computer science education 2021, June 26 - July 1 2021, [virtual conference]. New York: ACM [online], pages 1-25. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3502870.3506565

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has forced an unprecedented global shift within higher education in how instructors communicate with and educate students. This necessary paradigm shift has compelled educators to take a critical look at their teac... Read More about Teaching through a global pandemic: educational landscapes before, during and after COVID-19..

A multi-institutional exploration of the social mobility potential of degree apprenticeships. (2021)
Journal Article
SMITH, S., TAYLOR-SMITH, E., FABIAN, K., ZARB, M., PATERSON, J., BARR, M. and BERG, T. 2021. A multi-institutional exploration of the social mobility potential of degree apprenticeships. Journal of education and work [online], 34(4), pages 488-503. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080.2021.1946494

This mixed-method study at six universities asked degree apprentices about their trajectories into the apprenticeship, to better understand the social mobility potential of apprenticeships. The degree apprenticeship offers a route to a degree for app... Read More about A multi-institutional exploration of the social mobility potential of degree apprenticeships..

Experiences of piloting the learning by developing action model in a computing science context. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
LINTILÄ, T. and ZARB, M. 2021. Experiences of piloting the learning by developing action model in a computing science context. In Gómez Chova, L., López Martínez, A. and Candel Torres, I. (eds.) EDULEARN 21: proceedings of the 13th international conference on Education and new learning technologies 2021 (EDULEARN 2021), 5-6 July 2021, [virtual conference]. Valencia: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED) [online], pages 3036-3042. To be available from: https://doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2021

This article describes the piloting of the Learning by Developing (LbD) action model in the UK. The purpose of the pilot is to study how a pedagogical method based on the LbD can be introduced in computing students in the UK. The LbD action model has... Read More about Experiences of piloting the learning by developing action model in a computing science context..

Educational landscapes during and after COVID-19. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SIEGEL, A.A., ZARB, M., ALSHAIGY, B., BLANCHARD, J., CRICK, T., GLASSEY, R., HOTT, J.R., LATULIPE, C., RIEDESEL, C., SENAPATHI, M., SIMON. and WILLIAMS, D. 2021. Educational landscapes during and after COVID-19. In Proceedings of the 26th Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Innovation and technology in computer science education conference 2021 (ITiCSE '21), 26 June - 1 July 2021, [virtual conference]. New York: ACM [online], pages 597-598. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3456565.3461439

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has forced an unprecedented global shift within higher education in the ways that we communicate with and educate students. This necessary paradigm shift has compelled educators to take a critical look at their tea... Read More about Educational landscapes during and after COVID-19..

Computing degree apprenticeships: an opportunity to address gender imbalance in the IT sector? (2020)
Conference Proceeding
SMITH, S., TAYLOR-SMITH, E., FABIAN, K., BARR, M., BERG, T., CUTTING, D., PATERSON, J., YOUNG, T. and ZARB, M. 2020. Computing degree apprenticeships: an opportunity to address gender imbalance in the IT sector? In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Frontiers in education conference (FIE 2020), 21-24 October 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9274144. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE44824.2020.9274144

This paper explores the potential for new work-based apprenticeship degrees to encourage more women into computing degrees and the IT sector. In the UK, women are currently under-represented on computing courses. Meanwhile the IT industry requires mo... Read More about Computing degree apprenticeships: an opportunity to address gender imbalance in the IT sector?.

Professional communication tools in higher education: a case study in implementing slack in the curriculum. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
MENZIES, R. and ZARB, M. 2020. Professional communication tools in higher education: a case study in implementing slack in the curriculum. In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Frontiers in education conference (FIE 2020), 21-24 October 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9273906. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE44824.2020.9273906

This Innovative Practice Full Paper presents a study which considers the implications of embedding professional communication tools within the computing curriculum. Computing students are comfortable using various communication tools such as social m... Read More about Professional communication tools in higher education: a case study in implementing slack in the curriculum..

Analysing the learning by developing action model in HE computing. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
LINTILÄ, T. and ZARB, M. 2020. Analysing the learning by developing action model in HE computing. In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Frontiers in education conference (FIE 2020), 21-24 October 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9274282. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE44824.2020.9274282

This Research to Practice Working Process presents the first phase of the study, in which background information was sought from the literature and by interviews pedagogical experts from Laurea University of Applied Sciences (Laurea). The background... Read More about Analysing the learning by developing action model in HE computing..

Computing students learning outcomes in learning by developing action model. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
LINTILÄ, T. and ZARB, M. 2020. Computing students learning outcomes in learning by developing action model. In Gómez Chova, L., López Martínez, A. and Candel Torres, I. (eds.) Proceedings of 13th International conference of education, research and innovation 2020 (ICERI2020), 9-10 November 2020, [virtual conference]. Valencia: IATED [online], pages 1936-1945. Available from: https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2020.0477

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of research aimed at finding out the learning outcomes of computing students with a study module implementation based on the Learning by Developing (LbD) Action Model used in Laurea University of Ap... Read More about Computing students learning outcomes in learning by developing action model..

Through the lens: enhancing assessment with video-based presentation. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
ZARB, M. and BIRTLESKELMAN, J. 2020. Through the lens: enhancing assessment with video-based presentations. In Proceedings of the 25th Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Innovation and technology in computer science education conference 2020 (ITiCSE '20), 15-19 June 2020, Trondheim, Norway. New York: ACM [online], pages 187-192. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3341525.3387376

This paper discusses a video-based approach trialled within Robert Gordon University. Students are typically asked to formally deliver presentations (either individually, or in groups) for summative assessment. Timetabling issues, large student numbe... Read More about Through the lens: enhancing assessment with video-based presentation..

Perspectives on the student transition into CS1. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
SIEGEL, A.A., ZARB, M., GLASSEY, R. and HUGHES, J. 2019. Perspectives on the student transition into CS1. In Proceedings of the 24th Innovation and technology in computer science education annual conference 2019 (ITiCSE 2019), 15-17 July 2019, Aberdeen, UK. New York: ACM Press [online], pages 168-169. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3304221.3325540

As students transition into higher education, their experience can be quite new and foreign to them. This experience, while an individual one, consists of many concerns that are shared amongst these transitioning students. Partly as a result of these... Read More about Perspectives on the student transition into CS1..

Laughter over dread: early collaborative problem solving through an extended induction using robots. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
ZARB, M. and SCOTT, M. 2019. Laughter over dread: early collaborative problem solving through an extended induction using robots. In Proceedings of the 24th Innovation and technology in computer science education annual conference 2019 (ITiCSE 2019), 15-17 July 2019, Aberdeen, UK. New York: ACM Press [online], pages 249-250. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3304221.3325548

Software development companies want new hires with strong interpersonal and problem solving skills. To ensure the development of such skills, they must be embedded throughout the curriculum. However, many students struggle to collaborate with peers a... Read More about Laughter over dread: early collaborative problem solving through an extended induction using robots..

Integrating real-world clients in a project management module. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
ZARB, M., YOUNG, T. and BALLEW, W. 2019. Integrating real-world clients in a project management module. In Proceedings of the 24th Innovation and technology in computer science education annual conference 2019 (ITiCSE 2019), 15-17 July 2019, Aberdeen, UK. New York: ACM Press [online], pages 329. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3304221.3325559

Graduates in CS are required to have a background in project management, but often this is taught as a theoretical module, with little "real-world" relevance. In this poster abstract, a Project Management module has been redeveloped around the idea o... Read More about Integrating real-world clients in a project management module..

Incorporating on-campus days in a graduate apprenticeship. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
YOUNG, T. and ZARB, M. 2019. Incorporating on-campus days in a graduate apprenticeship. In Proceedings of the 24th Innovation and technology in computer science education annual conference (ITiCSE 2019), 15-17 July 2019, Aberdeen, UK. New York: ACM Press [online], page 328. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3304221.3325567

Graduate Apprenticeships look to overcome the segregation of learning and working by integrating traditional education into the context of the work environment. This poster abstract looks to highlight the importance of peer interactions, specifically... Read More about Incorporating on-campus days in a graduate apprenticeship..

Challenges of delivering a graduate apprenticeship. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
YOUNG, T. and ZARB, M. 2019. Challenges of delivering a graduate apprenticeship. In Proceedings of the 24th Innovation and technology in computer science education annual conference (ITiCSE 2019), 15-17 July 2019, Aberdeen, UK. New York: ACM Press [online], page 327. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3304221.3325566

Graduate Apprenticeship degree programmes look to overcome the segregation of learning and working, by integrating traditional education into the context of the work environment. This poster abstract showcases a number of actions that were put into p... Read More about Challenges of delivering a graduate apprenticeship..

Embedding entrepreneurial skills within computing. (2019)
Book Chapter
ZARB, M., BRADY, C. and MCDERMOTT, R. 2019. Embedding entrepreneurial skills within computing. In H.T.M. Bui, H.T.M. Nguyen and D. Cole (eds.) Innovate higher education to enhance graduate employability: rethinking the possibilities. London: Routledge [online], chapter 11. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429058899-11

The Scottish government launched a nationwide drive to increase entrepreneurial skills, looking to become a “world-leading entrepreneurial and innovative nation". One of the key ambitions of this is to build an education system with entrepreneurship... Read More about Embedding entrepreneurial skills within computing..

Investigation into the use of learning agreements to enhance stakeholder engagement and promote self-efficacy in computing education. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
BALLEW, W., MCDERMOTT, R., ZARB, M., DANIELS, M. and CLEAR, T. 2018. Investigation into the use of learning agreements to enhance stakeholder engagement and promote self-efficacy in computing education. In Proceedings of the 48th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Frontiers in education 2018 (FIE 2018): fostering innovation through diversity, 3-6 October 2018, San Jose, USA. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 865138. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/fie.2018.8659138

We examine controversial issues surrounding the locus of control in the implementation of learning agreements, plans or contracts, in the context of the U.K. university-level Graduate Apprenticeship scheme. We begin by giving an account of the stakeh... Read More about Investigation into the use of learning agreements to enhance stakeholder engagement and promote self-efficacy in computing education..

Phronesis, authentic learning and the solution of open-ended problems in computer science. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
MCDERMOTT, R., ZARB, M., BALLEW, W., DANIELS, M. and ISOMÖTTÖNEN, V. 2018. Phronesis, authentic learning and the solution of open-ended problems in computer science. In Proceedings of the 48th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Frontiers in education conference (FIE 2018): fostering innovation through diversity, 3-6 October 2018, San Jose, USA. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 8658512. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/fie.2018.8658512

One of the most significant changes in Higher Education pedagogy that has occurred over the past fifty years is the idea that university students should not just be taught theoretical subject knowledge but should engage with practical aspects of thei... Read More about Phronesis, authentic learning and the solution of open-ended problems in computer science..

An analysis of pupil concerns regarding transition into higher education. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
ZARB, M. and SIEGEL, A.A. 2018. An analysis of pupil concerns regarding transition into higher education. In Cristea, A.I., Bittencourt, I.I. and Lima, F. (eds.) Revised selected papers from the proceedings of the 1st Higher education for all international workshop on social, semantic, adaptive and gamification techniques and technologies for distance learning (HEFA 2017): from challenges to novel technology-enhanced solutions, 20-24 March 2017, Maceió, Brazil. Communications in computer and information science, 832. Cham: Springer [online], pages 3-16. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97934-2_1

Transitioning to higher education is often a stressful experience, with incoming students facing similar issues year after year. This chapter presents two years of data collection regarding the concerns of Computing secondary school pupils when consi... Read More about An analysis of pupil concerns regarding transition into higher education..

An international investigation into student concerns regarding transition into higher education computing. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
ZARB, M., ALSHAIGY, B., BOUVIER, D., GLASSEY, R., HUGHES, J. and RIEDESEL, C. 2018. An international investigation into student concerns regarding transition into higher education computing. In Proceedings companion of the 23rd Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Innovation and technology in computer science education conference 2018 (ITiCSE 2018), 02-04 July 2018, Larnaca, Cyprus. New York: ACM [online], pages 107-129. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3293881.3295780

The experience of transitioning into and starting higher education is very much an individual one, with some applicants viewing the prospect of higher education as an unknown entity. For those who are first in their family or community to consider hi... Read More about An international investigation into student concerns regarding transition into higher education computing..