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A case-based approach to data-to-text generation. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A., MASSIE, S., SINGH, R.K., GUPTA, G. and OJHA, M. 2021. A case-based approach to data-to-text generation. In Sánchez-Ruiz, A.A. and Floyd, M.W. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of 29th International conference case-based reasoning 2021 (ICCBR 2021), 13-16 September 2021, Salamanca, Spain. Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS), 12877. Cham: Springer [online], pages 232-247. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86957-1_16

Traditional Data-to-Text Generation (D2T) systems utilise carefully crafted domain specific rules and templates to generate high quality accurate texts. More recent approaches use neural systems to learn domain rules from the training data to produce... Read More about A case-based approach to data-to-text generation..

Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes. (2021)
Presentation / Conference
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S. and CRAW, S. 2021. Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes. Presented at 1st eXplainable artificial intelligence (XAI) in healthcare international workshop 2021 (XAI-Healthcare 2021), 16 June 2021, co-located with 19th Artificial intelligence in medicine (AIME) international conference 2021 (AIME 2021), 15-17 June 2021, [virtual conference]. Hosted on ArXiv [online], article 2109.15125. Available from: https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.15125

An ambient sensor network is installed in Smart Homes to identify low-level events taking place by residents, which are then analysed to generate a profile of activities of daily living. These profiles are compared to both the resident's typical prof... Read More about Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes..

Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide? (2021)
Report
IRONSIDE, R., HEDDLE, D. and MASSIE, S. 2021. Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide? Edinburgh: Royal Society of Edinburgh. Hosted on Orkney Digital Storytelling [online]. Available from: https://www.orkneydigitalstorytelling.com/project-report.html

In this report, a collaboration between Robert Gordon University and the University of the Highlands and Islands Institute for Northern Studies, the authors bring together findings from four workshops hosted as part of the My Orkney Story project.... Read More about Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide?.

Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. (2021)
Thesis
WIJEKOON, A. 2021. Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1358224

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) have been the primary contributor to the global disease burden, with increased years lived with disability. Such chronic conditions require self-management, typically in the form of maintaining an active lifestyle whil... Read More about Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders..

Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S. and CRAW, S. 2020. Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi. In Alamaniotis, M. and Pan, S. (eds.) Proceedings of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 32nd Tools with artificial intelligence international conference 2020 (ICTAI 2020), 9-11 Nov 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], pages 722-730. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTAI50040.2020.00115

Ambient, non-intrusive approaches to smart home health monitoring, while limited in capability, are preferred by residents. More intrusive methods of sensing, such as video and wearables, can offer richer data but at the cost of lower resident uptake... Read More about Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi..

Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A., MASSIE, S. and CLOGHER, S. 2020. Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries. In Watson, I. and Weber, R. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 28th International conference on case-based reasoning research and development (ICCBR 2020), 8-12 June 2020, Salamanca, Spain [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in computer science, 12311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 279-294. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58342-2_18

Automated generation of human readable text from structured information is challenging because grammatical rules are complex making good quality outputs difficult to achieve. Textual Case-Based Reasoning provides one approach in which the text from p... Read More about Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries..

The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism. (2020)
Journal Article
IRONSIDE, R. and MASSIE, S. 2020. The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism. Time and mind [online], 13(3), pages 227-244. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/1751696X.2020.1809862

Supernatural folktales have a long oral tradition in Scotland, embedded in local communities and the landscapes of the region. Recently, these folktales have been utilised by destinations as a form of place-making, and a driver for increasing tourist... Read More about The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism..

WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A., NGUYEN, T.T., MASSIE, S. and MCCALL, J. 2020. WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers. In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) congress on evolutionary computation (IEEE CEC 2020), part of the 2020 (IEEE) World congress on computational intelligence (IEEE WCCI 2020) and co-located with the 2020 International joint conference on neural networks (IJCNN 2020) and the 2020 IEEE International fuzzy systems conference (FUZZ-IEEE 2020), 19-24 July 2020, Glasgow, UK [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9185641. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC48606.2020.9185641

Text classification is one of the most important tasks in the field of Natural Language Processing. There are many approaches that focus on two main aspects: generating an effective representation; and selecting and refining algorithms to build the c... Read More about WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers..

Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S., CRAW, S., FRASER, L. and HAMILTON, G. 2020. Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring. In Proceedings of the 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) International joint conference on neural networks (IEEE IJCNN 2020), part of the 2020 IEEE World congress on computational intelligence (IEEE WCCI 2020) and co-located with the 2020 IEEE congress on evolutionary computation (IEEE CEC 2020) and the 2020 IEEE International fuzzy systems conference (FUZZ-IEEE 2020), 19-24 July 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9207480. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/IJCNN48605.2020.9207480

Long term health conditions, such as fall risk, are traditionally diagnosed through testing performed in hospital environments. Smart Homes offer the opportunity to perform continuous, long-term behavioural and vitals monitoring of residents, which m... Read More about Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring..

Representing temporal dependencies in human activity recognition. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S., CRAW, S., FRASER, L. and HAMILTON, G. 2019. Representing temporal dependencies in human activity recognition. In Kapetanakis, S. and Borck, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 27th International conference on case-based reasoning workshop (ICCBR-WS19), co-located with the 27th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR19), 8-12 September 2019, Otzenhausen, Germany. CEUR Workshop proceedings, 2567. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 29-38. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2567/paper3.pdf

Smart Homes offer the opportunity to perform continuous, long-term behavioural and vitals monitoring of residents, which may be employed to aid diagnosis and management of chronic conditions without placing additional strain on health services. A pro... Read More about Representing temporal dependencies in human activity recognition..

Preface: case-based reasoning and deep learning. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
MARTIN, K., KAPETANAKIS, S., WIJEKOON, A., AMIN, K. and MASSIE, S. 2019. Preface: case-based reasoning and deep learning. In Kapetanakis, S. and Borck, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 27th International conference on case-based reasoning workshop (ICCBR-WS19), co-located with the 27th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR19), 8-12 September 2019, Otzenhausen, Germany. CEUR Workshop proceedings, 2567. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 6-7. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2567/cbr_dl_preface.pdf

Recent advances in deep learning (DL) have helped to usher in a new wave of confidence in the capability of artificial intelligence. Increasingly, we are seeing DL architectures out perform long established state-of-the-art algorithms in a numb... Read More about Preface: case-based reasoning and deep learning..

Representation and learning schemes for argument stance mining. (2019)
Thesis
CLOS, J. 2019. Representation and learning schemes for argument stance mining. Robert Gordon University [online], PhD thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

Argumentation is a key part of human interaction. Used introspectively, it searches for the truth, by laying down argument for and against positions. As a mediation tool, it can be used to search for compromise between multiple human agents. For this... Read More about Representation and learning schemes for argument stance mining..

Ontology driven information retrieval. (2019)
Thesis
NKISI-ORJI, I. 2019. Ontology driven information retrieval. Robert Gordon University [online], PhD thesis. Available from: https://openair.rgu.ac.uk

Ontology-driven information retrieval deals with the use of entities specified in domain ontologies to enhance search and browse. The entities or concepts of lightweight ontological resources are traditionally used to index resources in specialised d... Read More about Ontology driven information retrieval..

Fall prediction using behavioural modelling from sensor data in smart homes. (2019)
Journal Article
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S. and CRAW, S. 2020. Fall prediction using behavioural modelling from sensor data in smart homes. Artificial intelligence review [online], 53(2), pages 1071-1091. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10462-019-09687-7

The number of methods for identifying potential fall risk is growing as the rate of elderly fallers continues to rise in the UK. Assessments for identifying risk of falling are usually performed in hospitals and other laboratory environments, however... Read More about Fall prediction using behavioural modelling from sensor data in smart homes..

Ontology alignment based on word embedding and random forest classification. (2019)
Conference Proceeding
NKISI-ORJI, I., WIRATUNGA, N., MASSIE, S., HUI, K.-Y. and HEAVEN, R. 2019. Ontology alignment based on word embedding and random forest classification. In Berlingerio, M., Bonchi, F., Gärtner, T., Hurley, N. and Ifrim, G. (eds.) Machine learning and knowledge discovery in databases: proceedings of the 2018 European conference on machine learning and principles and practice of knowledge discovery in databases (ECML PKDD 2018), 10-14 September 2018, Dublin, Ireland. Lecture notes in computer science, 11051. Cham: Springer [online], part I, pages 557-572. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10925-7_34

Ontology alignment is crucial for integrating heterogeneous data sources and forms an important component for realising the goals of the semantic web. Accordingly, several ontology alignment techniques have been proposed and used for discovering corr... Read More about Ontology alignment based on word embedding and random forest classification..

Context extraction for aspect-based sentiment analytics: combining syntactic, lexical and sentiment knowledge. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
BANDHAKAVI, A., WIRATUNGA, N., MASSIE, S. and LUHAR, R. 2018. Context extraction for aspect-based sentiment analytics: combining syntactic, lexical and sentiment knowledge. In Bramer, M. and Petridis, M. (eds.) Artificial intelligence xxxv: proceedings of the 38th British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) International conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence (AI-2018), 11-13 December 2018, Cambridge, UK. Lecture notes in artificial intelligence, 11311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 357-371. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04191-5_30

Aspect-level sentiment analysis of customer feedback data when done accurately can be leveraged to understand strong and weak performance points of businesses and services and also formulate critical action steps to improve their performance. In this... Read More about Context extraction for aspect-based sentiment analytics: combining syntactic, lexical and sentiment knowledge..

Informed pair selection for self-paced metric learning in Siamese neural networks. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
MARTIN, K., WIRATUNGA, N., MASSIE, S. and CLOS, J. 2018. Informed pair selection for self-paced metric learning in Siamese neural networks. In Bramer, M. and Petridis, M. (eds.) Artificial intelligence XXXV: proceedings of the 38th British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) International conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence (AI-2018), 11-13 December 2018, Cambridge, UK. Lecture notes in computer science, 11311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 34-49. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04191-5_3

Siamese Neural Networks (SNNs) are deep metric learners that use paired instance comparisons to learn similarity. The neural feature maps learnt in this way provide useful representations for classification tasks. Learning in SNNs is not reliant on e... Read More about Informed pair selection for self-paced metric learning in Siamese neural networks..

Emotion-aware polarity lexicons for Twitter sentiment analysis. (2018)
Journal Article
BANDHAKAVI, A., WIRATUNGA, N., MASSIE, S. and P, D. 2021. Emotion-aware polarity lexicons for Twitter sentiment analysis. Expert systems [online], 38(7): artificial intelligence/EDMA 2017, article e12332. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/exsy.12332

Theoretical frameworks in psychology map the relationships between emotions and sentiments. In this paper we study the role of such mapping for computational emotion detection from text (e.g. social media) with a aim to understand the usefulness of a... Read More about Emotion-aware polarity lexicons for Twitter sentiment analysis..

FITsense: employing multi-modal sensors in smart homes to predict falls. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
MASSIE, S., FORBES, G., CRAW, S., FRASER, L. and HAMILTON, G. 2018. FITsense: employing multi-modal sensors in smart homes to predict falls. In Cox, M.T., Funk, P. and Begum, S. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 26th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR 2018), 9-12 July 2018, Stockholm, Sweden. Lecture notes in computer science, 11156. Cham: Springer [online], pages 249-263. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01081-2_17

As people live longer, the increasing average age of the population places additional strains on our health and social services. There are widely recognised benefits to both the individual and society from supporting people to live independently for... Read More about FITsense: employing multi-modal sensors in smart homes to predict falls..

Personalised human activity recognition using matching networks. (2018)
Conference Proceeding
SANI, S., WIRATUNGA, N., MASSIE, S. and COOPER, K. 2018. Personalised human activity recognition using matching networks. In Cox, M.T., Funk, P. and Begum, S. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 26th International conference on case-based reasoning (ICCBR 2018), 9-12 July 2018, Stockholm, Sweden. Lecture notes in computer science, 11156. Cham: Springer [online], pages 339-353. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01081-2_23

Human Activity Recognition (HAR) is typically modelled as a classification task where sensor data associated with activity labels are used to train a classifier to recognise future occurrences of these activities. An important consideration when trai... Read More about Personalised human activity recognition using matching networks..