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Adsorption of a diverse range of pharmaceuticals to polyethylene microplastics in wastewater and their desorption in environmental matrices. (2021)
Journal Article
MCDOUGALL, L., THOMSON, L., BRAND, S., WAGSTAFF, A., LAWTON, L.A. and PETRIE, B. 2021. Adsorption of a diverse range of pharmaceuticals to polyethylene microplastics in wastewater and their desorption in environmental matrices. Science of the total environment [online], 808, article 152071. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152071

It is proposed that microplastics discharged from wastewater treatment plants act as a vector of pharmaceuticals. In this study, adsorption of pharmaceuticals to polyethylene microplastics was investigated in municipal wastewater. Pharmaceuticals for... Read More about Adsorption of a diverse range of pharmaceuticals to polyethylene microplastics in wastewater and their desorption in environmental matrices..

Environmentally friendly analytical method to assess enantioselective behaviour of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in river waters. (2021)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B. and CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D. 2021. Environmentally friendly analytical method to assess enantioselective behaviour of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in river waters. Sustainable chemistry and pharmacy [online], 24, article 100558. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2021.100558

Reported herein is the first enantioselective method for simultaneous separation of chiral pharmaceuticals and pesticides using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Separation was achieved using a ChiralPak IG-U® col... Read More about Environmentally friendly analytical method to assess enantioselective behaviour of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in river waters..

Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs. [Dataset] (2021)
Dataset
WAGSTAFF, A., LAWTON, L.A. and PETRIE, B. 2022. Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs. [Dataset]. Chemosphere [online], 288(Part 2), article 132578. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653521030502?via%3Dihub#appsec1

Wastewater is an environmental source of microplastics and pharmaceuticals, which is discharged as treated effluent or combined sewer overflows. In this study, adsorption of cationic pharmaceuticals, with a range of octanol-water distribution coeffic... Read More about Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs. [Dataset].

Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs. (2021)
Journal Article
WAGSTAFF, A., LAWTON, L.A. and PETRIE, B. 2022. Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs. Chemosphere [online], 288(Part 2), article 132578. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.132578

Reported here is the first study to investigate the adsorption of pharmaceutical drugs to microplastics in wastewater. Wastewater is an environmental source of microplastics and pharmaceuticals, which is discharged as treated effluent or combined sew... Read More about Polyamide microplastics in wastewater as vectors of cationic pharmaceutical drugs..

A review of combined sewer overflows as a source of wastewater-derived emerging contaminants in the environment and their management. (2021)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B. 2021. A review of combined sewer overflows as a source of wastewater-derived emerging contaminants in the environment and their management. Environmental science and pollution research [online], 28(25), pages 32095-32110. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14103-1

Emerging contaminants such as pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs and personal care products can be released to the environment in untreated wastewater/stormwater mixtures following storm events. The frequency and intensity of combined sewer overflows (CS... Read More about A review of combined sewer overflows as a source of wastewater-derived emerging contaminants in the environment and their management..

Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective. [Dataset] (2020)
Dataset
PROCTOR, K., PETRIE, B., LOPARDO, L., MUÑOZ, D.C., RICE, J., BARDEN, R., ARNOT, T. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2021. Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective. [Dataset]. Journal of hazardous materials [online], article ID 123745. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389420317349?via%3Dihub#sec0115

Anthropogenic substances, such as pharmaceuticals, pesticides, plasticizers, UV filters, industrial chemicals etc., have been widely recognised to be entering the environment from a variety of sources. There are many studies that detail the presence... Read More about Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective. [Dataset].

Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective. (2020)
Journal Article
PROCTOR, K., PETRIE, B., LOPARDO, L., MUÑOZ, D.C., RICE, J., BARDEN, R., ARNOT, T. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2021. Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective. Journal of hazardous materials [online], 401, article ID 123745. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123745

This study provided a holistic understanding of the sources, fate and behaviour of 142 compounds of emerging concern (CECs) throughout a river catchment impacted by 5 major urban areas. Of the incoming 169.3 kg d−1 of CECs entering the WwTWs, 167.9 k... Read More about Micropollutant fluxes in urban environment: a catchment perspective..

Analysis, fate and toxicity of chiral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in wastewaters and the environment: a review. (2020)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B. and CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D. 2021. Analysis, fate and toxicity of chiral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in wastewaters and the environment: a review. Environmental chemistry letters [online], 19(1), pages 43-75. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01065-y

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are found in the aquatic environment globally. Such drugs including naproxen, ibuprofen and ketoprofen are chiral molecules. Enantiomers of those drugs have identical physicochemical properties but can b... Read More about Analysis, fate and toxicity of chiral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in wastewaters and the environment: a review..

Multi-residue enantioselective analysis of chiral drugs in freshwater sediments. (2020)
Journal Article
EAGLESHAM, A., SCOTT, A. and PETRIE, B. 2020. Multi-residue enantioselective analysis of chiral drugs in freshwater sediments. Environmental chemistry letters [online], 18(6), pages 2119-2126. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01041-6

Pharmaceutical and illicit drugs are emerging contaminants found in the environment globally. Many are chiral and stereochemistry plays an important role on their environmental fate and effects. However, investigations at the enantiomeric level are l... Read More about Multi-residue enantioselective analysis of chiral drugs in freshwater sediments..

(Fluoro)quinolones and quinolone resistance genes in the aquatic environment: a river catchment perspective. (2020)
Journal Article
CASTRIGNANÒ, E., KANNAN, A.M., PROCTOR, K., PETRIE, B., HODGEN, S., FEIL, E.J., LEWIS, S.E., LOPARDO, L., CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D., RICE, J., CARTWRIGHT, N., BARDEN, R. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2020. (Fluoro)quinolones and quinolone resistance genes in the aquatic environment: a river catchment perspective. Water research [online], 182, article ID 116015. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116015

This study provides an insight into the prevalence of (fluoro)quinolones (FQs) and their specific quinolone qnrS resistance gene in the Avon river catchment area receiving treated wastewater from 5 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), serving 1.5 mil... Read More about (Fluoro)quinolones and quinolone resistance genes in the aquatic environment: a river catchment perspective..

Multi-residue enantioselective determination of emerging drug contaminants in seawater by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. (2020)
Journal Article
MCKENZIE, K., MOFFAT, C.F. and PETRIE, B. 2020. Multi-residue enantioselective determination of emerging drug contaminants in seawater by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Analytical methods [online], 12(22), pages 2881-2892. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ay00801j

This study proposes a new multi-residue enantioselective method for the determination of emerging drug contaminants in sea water by solid phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). To achieve satisfactory en... Read More about Multi-residue enantioselective determination of emerging drug contaminants in seawater by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry..

Simultaneous ozonation of 90 organic micropollutants including illicit drugs and their metabolites in different water matrices. (2020)
Journal Article
ZOUMPOULI, G.A., SOUZA, F.S., PETRIE, B., FÉRIS, L.A., KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. and WENK, J. 2020. Simultaneous ozonation of 90 organic micropollutants including illicit drugs and their metabolites in different water matrices. Environmental science: water research and technology [online], 6(9), pages 2465-2478. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ew00260g

The ozonation of 90 chemically diverse organic micropollutants (OMPs) including four classes of illicit drugs and their metabolites was studied in pure buffered water, tap water and wastewater effluent at three specific ozone doses and three pH level... Read More about Simultaneous ozonation of 90 organic micropollutants including illicit drugs and their metabolites in different water matrices..

Enantiospecific behaviour of chiral drugs in soil. (2020)
Journal Article
BERTIN, S., YATES, K. and PETRIE, B. 2020. Enantiospecific behaviour of chiral drugs in soil. Environmental pollution [online], 262, article ID114364. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114364

The importance of stereochemistry on the behaviour and effects of chiral pharmaceutical and illicit drugs in amended agricultural soils has been over looked to date. Therefore, this study was aimed at investigating the enantiospecific behaviour of a... Read More about Enantiospecific behaviour of chiral drugs in soil..

Multi-residue ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method for comprehensive multi-class anthropogenic compounds of emerging concern analysis in a catchment-based exposure-driven study. (2019)
Journal Article
PROCTOR, K., PETRIE, B., BARDEN, R., ARNOT, T. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2019. Multi-residue ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method for comprehensive multi-class anthropogenic compounds of emerging concern analysis in a catchment-based exposure-driven study. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry [online], 411(27), pages 7061-7086. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-019-02091-8

This paper presents a new multi-residue method for the quantification of more than 142 anthropogenic compounds of emerging concern (CECs) in various environmental matrices. These CECs are from a wide range of major classes including pharmaceuticals,... Read More about Multi-residue ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method for comprehensive multi-class anthropogenic compounds of emerging concern analysis in a catchment-based exposure-driven study..

Stereoisomeric profiling of chiral pharmaceutically active compounds in wastewaters and the receiving environment: a catchment-scale and a laboratory study. (2019)
Journal Article
CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D., PETRIE, B., LOPARDO, L., PROCTOR, K., RICE, J., YOUDAN, J., BARDEN, R. and KASPRZYK-HORDON, B. 2019. Stereoisomeric profiling of chiral pharmaceutically active compounds in wastewaters and the receiving environment: a catchment-scale and a laboratory study. Environment international [online], 127, pages 558-572. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.03.050

Chiral pharmaceutically active compounds (cPACs) are not currently governed by environmental regulation yet are expected to be in the future. As cPACs can exert stereospecific toxicity in the aquatic environment, it is essential to better understand... Read More about Stereoisomeric profiling of chiral pharmaceutically active compounds in wastewaters and the receiving environment: a catchment-scale and a laboratory study..

Estimation of community-wide exposure to bisphenol A via water fingerprinting. (2019)
Journal Article
LOPARDO, L., PETRIE, B., PROCTOR, K., YOUDAN, J., BARDEN, R. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2019. Estimation of community-wide exposure to bisphenol A via water fingerprinting. Environment international [online], 125, pages 1-8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.12.048

Molecular epidemiology in human biomonitoring allows for verification of public exposure to chemical substances. Unfortunately, due to logistical difficulties and high cost, it evaluates only small study groups and as a result does not provide compre... Read More about Estimation of community-wide exposure to bisphenol A via water fingerprinting..

Enantioselective LC-MS/MS for anthropogenic markers of septic tank discharge. (2018)
Journal Article
RAMAGE, S., CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D. and PETRIE, B. 2019. Enantioselective LC-MS/MS for anthropogenic markers of septic tank discharge. Chemosphere [online], 219, pages 191-201. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.12.007

Households in rural locations utilize septic tanks for wastewater treatment and can cause surface water contamination. A new methodology was developed to help investigate the role septic tanks play in the dissemination of prescription and over-the-co... Read More about Enantioselective LC-MS/MS for anthropogenic markers of septic tank discharge..

Stereoselective LC-MS/MS methodologies for environmental analysis of chiral pesticides. (2018)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B., MUÑOZ, M.D.C. and MARTIN, J. 2018. Stereoselective LC-MS/MS methodologies for environmental analysis of chiral pesticides. Trends in analytical chemistry [online], 110, pages 249-258. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2018.11.010

Chiral pesticides can exert stereospecific toxicity in contaminated environmental compartments. Therefore, measuring pesticides at the enantiomeric level is essential to assess the risk posed to exposed organisms, including humans. In recent years, t... Read More about Stereoselective LC-MS/MS methodologies for environmental analysis of chiral pesticides..

Assessment of bisphenol-A in the urban water cycle. (2018)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B., LOPARDO, L., PROCTOR, K., YOUDAN, J., BARDEN, R. and KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2019. Assessment of bisphenol-A in the urban water cycle. Science of the total environment [online], 650(1), pages 900-907. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.011

The plasticizer bisphenol-A (BPA) is common to municipal wastewaters and can exert toxicity to exposed organisms in the environment. Here BPA concentration at 5 sewage treatment works (STW) and distribution throughout a river catchment in South West... Read More about Assessment of bisphenol-A in the urban water cycle..

Multi-residue analysis of chiral and achiral trace organic contaminants in soil by accelerated solvent extraction and enantioselective liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry. (2018)
Journal Article
PETRIE, B., MRAZOVA, J., KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. and YATES, K. 2018. Multi-residue analysis of chiral and achiral trace organic contaminants in soil by accelerated solvent extraction and enantioselective liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry. Journal of chromatography A [online], 1572, pages 62-71. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2018.08.034

Reported here is the first analytical methodology for the enantiomeric determination of chiral trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) in soil. Direct enantioselective separations were achieved on a Chirobiotic V2 column operated in polar ionic mode. Init... Read More about Multi-residue analysis of chiral and achiral trace organic contaminants in soil by accelerated solvent extraction and enantioselective liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry..