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Heliconical nematic and smectic phases: the synthesis and characterisation of the CB4O.m and CB8O.m series. (2024)
Journal Article
ALSHAMMARI, A.F., ZATTARIN, A., PEARSON, A., CRUICKSHANK, E., MAJEWSKA, M., POCIECHA, D., STOREY, J.M.D., GORECKA, E., IMRIE, C.T. and WALKER, R. 2024. Heliconical nematic and smectic phases: the synthesis and characterisation of the CB4O.m and CB8O.m series. Liquid crystals [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2024.2334342

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of nonsymmetric dimers belonging to the family of compounds, the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-ω-(4-alkylanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)alkanes (CBnO.m) is reported; in the acronym, n refers to the number of ca... Read More about Heliconical nematic and smectic phases: the synthesis and characterisation of the CB4O.m and CB8O.m series..

Rapid conformational analysis of semi-flexible liquid crystals. (2024)
Journal Article
HOBBS, J.L., GIBB, C.J., CRUICKSHANK, E., WALKER, R. and MANDLE, R.J. 2024. Rapid conformational analysis of semi-flexible liquid crystals. Liquid crystals [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2024.2333323

We present an approach for rapid conformational analysis of semi-flexible liquid crystals. We use a simple graphical user interface (GUI) tool that leverages rules-based methods for efficient generation of bend-angle distributions, offering a signifi... Read More about Rapid conformational analysis of semi-flexible liquid crystals..

The emergence of a polar nematic phase: a chemist's insight into the ferroelectric nematic phase. (2024)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E. 2024. The emergence of a polar nematic phase; a chemist's insight into the ferroelectric nematic phase. ChemPlusChem [online], Early View. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/cplu.202300726

The discovery of a new polar nematic phase; the ferroelectric nematic, has generated a great deal of excitement in the field of liquid crystals. To date there have been around 150 materials reported exhibiting the ferroelectric nematic phase, in gene... Read More about The emergence of a polar nematic phase: a chemist's insight into the ferroelectric nematic phase..

The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase. (2024)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., TUFAHA, N., WALKER, R., BROWN, S., GORECKA, E., POCIECHA, D., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase. Liquid crystals [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2024.2304598

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of ferroelectric nematogens based on RM734 having an additional methoxy group on the central phenyl ring are reported, the 3-methoxy-4-((4-nitrophenoxy)carbonyl)phenyl 2-alkoxy-4-alkoxybenzoates (7-m-n... Read More about The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase..

The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase. [Dataset] (2024)
Dataset
CRUICKSHANK, E., TUFAHA, N., WALKER, R., BROWN, S., GORECKA, E., POCIECHA, D., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase. [Dataset]. Liquid crystals [online], 51(3), pages 401-415. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2024.2304598

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of ferroelectric nematogens based on RM734 having an additional methoxy group on the central phenyl ring are reported, the 3-methoxy-4-((4-nitrophenoxy)carbonyl)phenyl 2-alkoxy-4-alkoxybenzoates (7-m-n... Read More about The influence of molecular shape and electronic properties on the formation of the ferroelectric nematic phase. [Dataset].

Ferroelectric nematogens containing a methylthio group. (2023)
Journal Article
STEPANAFAS, G., CRUICKSHANK, E., BROWN, S., MAJEWSKA, M.M., POCIECHA, D., GORECKA, E., STOREY, J.M.C. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. Ferroelectric nematogens containing a methylthio group. Materials advances [online], Advance Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/d3ma00446e

The synthesis and characterisation of eight nematogens containing a terminal methylthio group is reported. The compounds are based on RM734 and differ in the number and position of fluorine substituents, and in the position of the lateral methoxy sub... Read More about Ferroelectric nematogens containing a methylthio group..

The influence of the imine bond direction on the phase behaviour of symmetric and non-symmetric liquid crystal dimers. (2023)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., WALKER, R., STRACHAN, G.J. GOODE, C.H.F., MAJEWSKA, M.M., POCIECHA, D., GORECKO, E., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. The influence of the imine bond direction on the phase behaviour of symmetric and non-symmetric liquid crystal dimers. Journal of molecular liquids [online], 391(part A), article number 123226. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2023.123226

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of liquid crystal dimers are reported: the symmetric 1,5-bis(4'-oxyanilinebenzylidene-4-alkane)pentanes (m-O5O-m), and the nonsymmetric 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4'-yloxy)-5-(4'-oxyanilinebenzylidene-4-alkane... Read More about The influence of the imine bond direction on the phase behaviour of symmetric and non-symmetric liquid crystal dimers..

To be or not to be polar: the ferroelectric and antiferroelectric nematic phases. (2023)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., RYBAK, P., MAJEWSKA, M.M., RAMSAY, S., WANG, C, ZHU, C., WALKER, R., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T., GORECKA, E. and POCIECHA, D. 2023. To be or not to be polar: the ferroelectric and antiferroelectric nematic phases. ACS omega [online], 8(39), pages 36562-36568. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.3c05884

We report two new series of compounds that show the ferroelectric nematic, NF, phase in which the terminal chain length is varied. The longer the terminal chain, the weaker the dipole–dipole interactions of the molecules are along the director and th... Read More about To be or not to be polar: the ferroelectric and antiferroelectric nematic phases..

The ferroelectric nematic phase: on the role of lateral alkyloxy chains. (2023)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., PEARSON, A., BROWN, S., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T. and WALKER, R. 2023. The ferroelectric nematic phase: on the role of lateral alkyloxy chains. Liquid crystals [online], 50(11-12), pages 1960-1967. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2023.2221651

The synthesis and characterisation of the 4-({[4’-nitro-(1,1'-biphenyl)−4-yl]oxy}carbonyl)phenyl 2-alkoxy-4-methoxybenzoates are reported: the 1O(m-On)PEPEBNO2 series. These materials include an additional phenyl ring compared to the extensively stud... Read More about The ferroelectric nematic phase: on the role of lateral alkyloxy chains..

Ferroelectric nematic-isotropic liquid critical end point. (2023)
Journal Article
SZYDLOWSKA, J., MAJEWSKA, P., VAUPOTIČ, N., RYBAK, P., Corrie T. IMRIE, Rebecca WALKER, R., CRUICKSHANK, E., STOREY, J.M.D., DAMIAN, P. and GORECKA, E. 2023. Ferroelectric nematic-isotropic liquid critical end point. Physical review letters [online], 130(21), article 216802. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.216802

A critical end point above which an isotropic phase continuously evolves into a polar (ferroelectric) nematic phase with an increasing electric field is found in a ferroelectric nematic liquid crystalline material. The critical end point is approxima... Read More about Ferroelectric nematic-isotropic liquid critical end point..

Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications. [Dataset] (2023)
Dataset
TUFAHA, N., CRUICKSHANK, E., POCIECHA, D., GORECKA, E., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications. [Dataset] Chemistry: a European journal [online], 29(28), article e202300073. Available from: https://tinyurl.com/bdexs49x

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of low molar mass mesogens, the (4-nitrophenyl) 2-alkoxy-4-(4-methoxybenzoyl)oxybenzoates (NT3.m) and the (3-fluoro-4-nitrophenyl) 2-alkoxy-4-(4-methoxybenzoyl)oxybenzoates (NT3F.m), are reported in or... Read More about Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications. [Dataset].

Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications. (2023)
Journal Article
TUFAHA, N., CRUICKSHANK, E., POCIECHA, D., GORECKA, E., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications. Chemistry: a European journal [online], 29(28), article e202300073. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202300073

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of low molar mass mesogens, the (4-nitrophenyl) 2-alkoxy-4-(4-methoxybenzoyl)oxybenzoates (NT3.m) and the (3-fluoro-4-nitrophenyl) 2-alkoxy-4-(4-methoxybenzoyl)oxybenzoates (NT3F.m), are reported in or... Read More about Molecular shape, electronic factors, and the ferroelectric nematic phase: investigating the impact of structural modifications..

The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers. (2023)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., STRACHAN, G.J., MAJEWSKA, M.M., POCIECHA, D., GORECKA, E., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers. New journal of chemistry [online], 47(15), pages 7356-7368. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/D2NJ06252F

The synthesis and characterisation of four series of symmetric liquid crystal dimers containing either alkylthio or alkyloxy terminal chains are reported. The (E,E)-[pentane-1,5-diylbis(oxy-4,1-phenylene)]bis{N-[4-(alkyloxy)phenyl]methanimine}s, mO.O... Read More about The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers..

The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers. [Dataset] (2023)
Dataset
CRUICKSHANK, E., STRACHAN, G.J., MAJEWSKA, M.M., POCIECHA, D., GORECKA, E., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2023. The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers. [Dataset]. New journal of chemistry [online], 47(15), pages 7356-7368. Available from: https://www.rsc.org/suppdata/d2/nj/d2nj06252f/d2nj06252f1.pdf

In the design of organic molecules, sulfur can be interchanged with oxygen and during the 1960s and 1970s, in particular, saw use in liquid crystals. There has been a recent resurgence of interest in sulfur containing mesogens and the inclusion of su... Read More about The effects of alkylthio chains on the properties of symmetric liquid crystal dimers. [Dataset].

The effect of a lateral alkyloxy chain on the ferroelectric nematic phase. (2022)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., WALKER, R., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2022. The effect of a lateral alkyloxy chain on the ferroelectric nematic phase. RSC advances [online], 12(45), pages 29482-29490. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1039/D2RA05628C

The synthesis and characterisation of two series of low molar mass liquid crystals, the 4-[(4-nitrophenoxy)carbonyl]phenyl 2-alkoxy-4-methoxybenzoates (series 5-m) and the 4-[(3-fluoro-4-nitrophenoxy)carbonyl]phenyl 2-alkoxy-4-methoxybenzoates (serie... Read More about The effect of a lateral alkyloxy chain on the ferroelectric nematic phase..

Intrinsically chiral ferronematic liquid crystals: an inversion of the helical twist sense at the chiral nematic – chiral ferronematic phase transition. (2022)
Journal Article
POCIECHA, D., WALKER, R., CRUICKSHANK, E., SZYDLOWSKA, J., RYBAK, P., MAKAL, A., MATRASZEK, J., WOLSKA, J.M., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T. and GORECKA, E. 2022. Intrinsically chiral ferronematic liquid crystals: an inversion of the helical twist sense at the chiral nematic – chiral ferronematic phase transition. Journal of molecular liquids (online), 361, article 119532. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2022.119532

Strongly dipolar mesogenic compounds with a chiral center located in a lateral alkyl chain were synthesized, and shown to form the ferroelectric nematic phase. The presence of molecular chirality induced a helical structure in both the N* and NF* pha... Read More about Intrinsically chiral ferronematic liquid crystals: an inversion of the helical twist sense at the chiral nematic – chiral ferronematic phase transition..

Helical phases assembled from achiral molecules: twist-bend nematic and helical filamentary B4 phases formed by mesogenic dimers. (2021)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., ANDERSON, K., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T., GORECKA, E., POCIECHA, D., MAKAL, A. and MAJEWSKA, M.M. 2022. Helical phases assembled from achiral molecules: twist-bend nematic and helical filamentary B4 phases formed by mesogenic dimers. Journal of molecular liquids [online], 346, article 118180. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2021.118180

The synthesis and characterisation of an homologous series of bent odd-membered mesogenic dimers, the 4'-(6-{4-[(E)-{[4-(alkylthio)phenyl]imino}-methyl]phenoxy}hexyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carbonitriles (CB6O.Sm) is reported. This general class of materia... Read More about Helical phases assembled from achiral molecules: twist-bend nematic and helical filamentary B4 phases formed by mesogenic dimers..

Multiple polar and non‐polar nematic phases. (2021)
Journal Article
BROWN, S., CRUICKSHAK, E., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T., POCIECHA, D., MAJEWSKA, M., MAKAL, A. and GORECKA, E. 2021. Multiple polar and non-polar nematic phases. ChemPhysChem [online], 22(24), pages 2506-2510. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/cphc.202100644

Liquid-crystal materials exhibiting up to three nematic phases are reported. Dielectric response measurements show that while the lower temperature nematic phase has ferroelectric order and the highest temperature nematic phase is apolar, the interme... Read More about Multiple polar and non‐polar nematic phases..

Photonic bandgap in achiral liquid crystals: a twist on a twist. (2021)
Journal Article
POCIECHA, D., VAUPOTIČ, N., MAJEWSKA, M., CRUICKSHANK, E., WALKER, R., STOREY, J.M.D., IMRIE, C.T., WANG, C. and GORECKA, E. 2021. Photonic bandgap in achiral liquid crystals: a twist on a twist. Advanced materials [online], 33(39), article 2103288. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202103288

Achiral mesogenic molecules are shown to be able to spontaneously assemble into liquid crystalline smectic phases having either simple or double-helical structures. At the transition between these phases, the double-helical structure unwinds. As a co... Read More about Photonic bandgap in achiral liquid crystals: a twist on a twist..

Chalcogen bonding and liquid crystallinity: understanding the anomalous behaviour of the 4'-(alkylthio)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carbonitriles (nSCB). (2021)
Journal Article
CRUICKSHANK, E., STRACHAN, G.J., STOREY, J.M.D. and IMRIE, C.T. 2022. Chalcogen bonding and liquid crystallinity: understanding the anomalous behaviour of the 4'-(alkylthio)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carbonitriles (nSCB). Journal of molecular liquids [online], 346, article 117094. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2021.117094

The synthesis and characterisation of the first eleven members of the 4'-(alkylthio)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carbonitriles series is reported. All eleven members show monotropic liquid crystal behaviour. The first six members are exclusively nematogenic, th... Read More about Chalcogen bonding and liquid crystallinity: understanding the anomalous behaviour of the 4'-(alkylthio)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-carbonitriles (nSCB)..