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Professor Richard Laing


Predicting energy savings of the UK housing stock under a step-by-step energy retrofit scenario towards net-zero. (2022)
Journal Article
BENNADJI, A., SEDDIKI, M., ALABID, J., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2022. Predicting energy savings of the UK housing stock under a step-by-step energy retrofit scenario towards net-zero. Energies [online], 15(9), article 3082. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/en15093082

The UK has one of the least energy-efficient housing stocks in Europe. By 2030, the emissions from UK homes need to fall by at least 24% from 1990 levels to meet the UK's ambitious goal, which is reaching net-zero emissions. The originality of this p... Read More about Predicting energy savings of the UK housing stock under a step-by-step energy retrofit scenario towards net-zero..

Being there: capturing and conveying noisy slices of walking in the city. (2022)
Journal Article
BELKOURI, D., LANNG, D.B. and LAING, R. [2022]. Being there: capturing and conveying noisy slices of walking in the city. Mobilities [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2022.2045871

The practice of walking allows us to engage with the city slowly, through kinaesthetic skill and the multisensorial apparatus of the body. Studying the city through this immersed practice-on-the-move facilitates attention to the direct contact with t... Read More about Being there: capturing and conveying noisy slices of walking in the city..

Shifting perspectives on autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen ‘through the eyes’ of autonomous vehicles. (2022)
Journal Article
BELKOURI, D., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2022. Shifting perspectives on autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen 'through the eyes' of autonomous vehicles. TeMA: journal of land use, mobility and environment [online], 2022(1): new scenarios for safe mobility in urban areas, pages 167-179. Available from: https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/8635

It is likely that Autonomous Vehicles will have significant social, cultural, spatial and environmental implications and that the interaction between humans, automated vehicles and physical environment will provide an array of challenges. This paper... Read More about Shifting perspectives on autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen ‘through the eyes’ of autonomous vehicles..

Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective. (2022)
Journal Article
BELKOURI, D., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2022. Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective. Transportation research procedia [online]: proceedings of 25th Living and walking in cities international conference 2021 (LWC 2021): new scenarios for safe mobility in urban areas, 9-10 September 2021, Brescia, Italy, 60, pages 496-503. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2021.12.064

It is likely that Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will have significant social, cultural, spatial and environmental implications and the interaction between humans, automated vehicles and physical environment will provide an array of challenges. This paper... Read More about Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective..

Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners. (2021)
Journal Article
SEDDIKI, M., BENNADJI, A., LAING, R., GRAY, D. and ALABID, J.M. 2021. Review of existing energy retrofit decision for homeowners. Sustainability [online], 13(18), article 10189. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810189

Energy retrofit tools are considered by many countries as one of the strongest incentives to encourage homeowners to invest in energy renovation. These tools help homeowners to get an initial overview of suitable retrofit measures. Although a large n... Read More about Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners..

Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. (2021)
Journal Article
MIGUEL, M., LAING, R., LEON, M. and BAXTER, S. 2021. Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. Journal of architecture and urbanism [online], 45(2), pages 131-142. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3846/jau.2021.14772

Previous research has established the value of regarding cities as complex systems, and as systems which will evolve over time. The research reported in this paper concerns the development of an approach to urban design and management which recognise... Read More about Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories..

Infrastructure development and abandonment. (2021)
Journal Article
OGUNNUSI, M., SALMAN, H. and LAING, R. 2021. Infrastructure development and abandonment. Proceedings of international structural engineering and construction [online], 8(1): proceedings of the 11th International structural engineering and construction conference 2021 (ISEC-11): interdisciplinary civil and construction engineering projects, 26-31 July 2021, Cairo, Egypt, Chapter 7.7. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14455/ISEC.2021.8(1).INF-08

The Nigerian Government is developing infrastructure guided by the United Nations (UN) call for sustainable development. However, uncompleted government infrastructure (roads, bridges, buildings, dams and others) projects litter the entire landscape... Read More about Infrastructure development and abandonment..

A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. (2021)
Journal Article
LEON, M. and LAING, R. 2022. A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. Journal of engineering, design and technology [online], 20(3), pages 777-799. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2020-0399

Purpose: This paper proposes and tests, through a series of structured multi-disciplinary design activities, a “Concept Design Stages Protocol” (CDS Protocol) to structure project initiation, to attain smoother collaboration and greater consensus amo... Read More about A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects..

Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. (2020)
Journal Article
ZECCA, C., GAGLIONE, F., LAING, R. and GARGIULO, C. 2020. Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. TeMA: journal of land use, mobility and environment [online], 13(2), pages 241-256. Available from: https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7051

The emergency of COVID-19 changed the face of our cities, preventing most of the urban activities, limiting travels on large, medium and short distances and drastically reducing the number and the intensity of social relationships. The restrictive me... Read More about Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19..

Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. (2020)
Journal Article
LAING, R. 2020. Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. Developments in the built environment [online], 4, article ID 100017. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dibe.2020.100017

Modelling and visualisation of the built heritage is an area where the use of digital tools and techniques have become pervasive. This extends across all stages and aspects of heritage projects, and has come to include the culture of data pertaining... Read More about Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation..