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Professor Richard Laing


Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners. (2021)
Journal Article
SEDDIKI, M., BENNADJI, A., LAING, R., GRAY, D. and ALABID, J.M. 2021. Review of existing energy retrofit decision for homeowners. Sustainability [online], 13(18), article 10189. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810189

Energy retrofit tools are considered by many countries as one of the strongest incentives to encourage homeowners to invest in energy renovation. These tools help homeowners to get an initial overview of suitable retrofit measures. Although a large n... Read More about Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners..

Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. (2021)
Journal Article
MIGUEL, M., LAING, R., LEON, M. and BAXTER, S. 2021. Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. Journal of architecture and urbanism [online], 45(2), pages 131-142. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3846/jau.2021.14772

Previous research has established the value of regarding cities as complex systems, and as systems which will evolve over time. The research reported in this paper concerns the development of an approach to urban design and management which recognise... Read More about Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories..

Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective. (2021)
Journal Article
BELKOURI, D., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. [2021]. Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective. Transportation research procedia [online]: proceedings of 25th Living and walking in cities international conference 2021 (LWC 2021): new scenarios for safe mobility in urban areas, 9-10 September 2021, Brescia, Italy, (accepted).

It is likely that Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will have significant social, cultural, spatial and environmental implications and the interaction between humans, automated vehicles and physical environment will provide an array of challenges. This paper... Read More about Through the eyes of autonomous vehicles: using laser scanning technology to engage the public via the analysis of journeys seen from a different perspective..

Infrastructure development and abandonment. (2021)
Journal Article
OGUNNUSI, M., SALMAN, H. and LAING, R. 2021. Infrastructure development and abandonment. Proceedings of international structural engineering and construction [online], 8(1): proceedings of the 11th International structural engineering and construction conference 2021 (ISEC-11): interdisciplinary civil and construction engineering projects, 26-31 July 2021, Cairo, Egypt, Chapter 7.7. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14455/ISEC.2021.8(1).INF-08

The Nigerian Government is developing infrastructure guided by the United Nations (UN) call for sustainable development. However, uncompleted government infrastructure (roads, bridges, buildings, dams and others) projects litter the entire landscape... Read More about Infrastructure development and abandonment..

A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. (2021)
Journal Article
LEON, M. and LAING, R. [2021]. A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. Journal of engineering, design and technology [online], EarlyCite. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2020-0399

Purpose: This paper proposes and tests, through a series of structured multi-disciplinary design activities, a “Concept Design Stages Protocol” (CDS Protocol) to structure project initiation, to attain smoother collaboration and greater consensus amo... Read More about A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects..

Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. (2020)
Journal Article
ZECCA, C., GAGLIONE, F., LAING, R. and GARGIULO, C. 2020. Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. TeMA: journal of land use, mobility and environment [online], 13(2), pages 241-256. Available from: https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7051

The emergency of COVID-19 changed the face of our cities, preventing most of the urban activities, limiting travels on large, medium and short distances and drastically reducing the number and the intensity of social relationships. The restrictive me... Read More about Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19..

Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. (2020)
Journal Article
LAING, R. 2020. Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. Developments in the built environment [online], 4, article ID 100017. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dibe.2020.100017

Modelling and visualisation of the built heritage has become an area where digital tools and techniques have become pervasive. This extends across all stages and aspects of heritage projects, and has come to include the culture of data pertaining to... Read More about Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation..

Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views. (2020)
Journal Article
ZECCA, C. and LAING, R. 2020. Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views. Sustainable cities and society [online], 56, article ID 102108. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102108

This paper explores the application of a combination of urban analysis methods in order to gather data and explore the implications of abandonment in a city. Nowadays, in a period of economic recession, developments based on demolitions and reconstru... Read More about Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views..

Inclusive design for immersive spaces. (2019)
Journal Article
CRABB, M., CLARKE, D., ALWAER, H., HERON, M. and LAING, R. 2019. Inclusive design for immersive spaces. Design journal [online], 22(Sup 1: running with scissors: proceedings from 13th European Academy of Design international conference (EAD 2019), 10-12 April 2019, Dundee, UK), pages 2105-2118. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2019.1594934

It is vital when creating learning environments that attention is paid towards individuals using a given space, activities that they will carry out, and the available equipment that will facilitate this. It is also important that these spaces are cre... Read More about Inclusive design for immersive spaces..

An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. (2018)
Journal Article
YIN, B.C.L., LAING, R., LEON, M. and MABON, L. 2018. An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. Sustainable cities and society [online], 39, pages 613-620. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.03.024

Environmental challenges and risks associated with climate change face all of our cities, and the construction industry has a major role to play in terms of changed practice. The Singaporean government has, over a period of many decades, made efforts... Read More about An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore..