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Professor Richard Laing


Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners. (2021)
Journal Article
SEDDIKI, M., BENNADJI, A., LAING, R., GRAY, D. and ALABID, J.M. 2021. Review of existing energy retrofit decision for homeowners. Sustainability [online], 13(18), article 10189. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810189

Energy retrofit tools are considered by many countries as one of the strongest incentives to encourage homeowners to invest in energy renovation. These tools help homeowners to get an initial overview of suitable retrofit measures. Although a large n... Read More about Review of existing energy retrofit decision tools for homeowners..

Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. (2021)
Journal Article
MIGUEL, M., LAING, R., LEON, M. and BAXTER, S. 2021. Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories. Journal of architecture and urbanism [online], 45(2), pages 131-142. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3846/jau.2021.14772

Previous research has established the value of regarding cities as complex systems, and as systems which will evolve over time. The research reported in this paper concerns the development of an approach to urban design and management which recognise... Read More about Expanding depth and meaning within urban design processes through the application of complexity and evolutionary theories..

Infrastructure development and abandonment. (2021)
Journal Article
OGUNNUSI, M., SALMAN, H. and LAING, R. 2021. Infrastructure development and abandonment. Proceedings of international structural engineering and construction [online], 8(1): proceedings of the 11th International structural engineering and construction conference 2021 (ISEC-11): interdisciplinary civil and construction engineering projects, 26-31 July 2021, Cairo, Egypt, Chapter 7.7. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14455/ISEC.2021.8(1).INF-08

The Nigerian Government is developing infrastructure guided by the United Nations (UN) call for sustainable development. However, uncompleted government infrastructure (roads, bridges, buildings, dams and others) projects litter the entire landscape... Read More about Infrastructure development and abandonment..

A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. (2021)
Journal Article
LEON, M. and LAING, R. 2022. A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. Journal of engineering, design and technology [online], 20(3), pages 777-799. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2020-0399

Purpose: This paper proposes and tests, through a series of structured multi-disciplinary design activities, a “Concept Design Stages Protocol” (CDS Protocol) to structure project initiation, to attain smoother collaboration and greater consensus amo... Read More about A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects..