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Professor Richard Laing


Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and TONIOLO, A. 2015. Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations: proceedings of the 1st International conference on building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations, 9-11 September 2015, Bristol, UK. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press [online], pages 217-228. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2495/BIM150191

The early design stages are the most vital for the development of the design of a building project and the decisions taken during these steps are significant for the further progress of the project, regarding aspects like cost, performance, reliabili... Read More about Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages..

Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. (2014)
Journal Article
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J., SALMAN, H. 2014. Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 108-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.011

Effective collaboration and maximum effort from stakeholders during the feasibility and concept design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value for the overall success of a building project, from the initial design throug... Read More about Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment..

Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. (2014)
Journal Article
LAING, R., LEON, M., MAHDJOUBI, L. and SCOTT, J. 2014. Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 120-130. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.012

In recent years, there have been rapid developments in techniques available to capture three dimensional data with regards to the existing built environment. Such technologies support the collection of both large scale landscape and streetscape data,... Read More about Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making..

The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
LAING, R., SCOTT, J. and HOGG, G. 2014. The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 242-252. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/archtechcongress1/products-services/proceedings/ICAT%202014%20Proceedings.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1

This paper considers the use of cloud-based photogrammetry to collect and process 3D information pertaining to the built heritage. Although modern surveying technologies such as laser scanning are available, their application may be prohibited by cos... Read More about The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage..

Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and LAING, R. 2014. Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 192-205. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/archtechcongress1/products-services/proceedings/ICAT%202014%20Proceedings.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1

Effective conceptual and collaborative design process in architecture is a prerequisite for efficient overall project development. This can be facilitated by computer mediation methods, including emerging augmented reality technologies and tactile an... Read More about Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation..

The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context. (2014)
Journal Article
SALMAN, H.S., LAING, R. and CONNIFF, A. 2014. The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context. Design studies, 35(4), pages 412-439. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2014.02.002

Little research has been undertaken concerning the manner in which students use computer aided architectural design (CAAD) programs for conceptual design. The research aim was to explore the potential impact of CAAD programs as conceptual design tool... Read More about The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context..

Governance and policy challenges of implementing urban low-carbon transport initiatives. (2014)
Journal Article
TAIT, E., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2014. Governance and policy challenges of implementing urban low-carbon transport initiatives. Local economy [online], 29(1-2), pages 129-140. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0269094214521980

Emissions from transport represent a quarter of Scotlands total. Action to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport has been criticized for being limited, poorly integrated with other areas of policy, and focused on narrow program... Read More about Governance and policy challenges of implementing urban low-carbon transport initiatives..

Sustainable approach to regenerating residential form and density: case in Dhaka. (2013)
Journal Article
ZAMAN, Q.M.M. and LAING, R. 2013. Sustainable approach to regenerating residential form and density: case in Dhaka. Urban studies research [online], Article ID 783792. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/783792

This paper presents principles and praxis of sustainable approach to maintaining targeted residential regeneration by density yet achieving innovations in urban form in a contextual scenario of Dhaka City, the capital of Bangladesh. It is evident fro... Read More about Sustainable approach to regenerating residential form and density: case in Dhaka..

How to save a theatre: The Orpheum, Vancouver. (2013)
Journal Article
LAING, R. 2013. How to save a theatre: The Orpheum, Vancouver. Structural survey [online], 31(5), pages 355-367. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/SS-01-2013-0010

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to concern the Orpheum Theatre in Vancouver, which survived the threat of major internal demolition and rebuilding during the 1960s and early 1970s. The building has subsequently undergone significant restoration... Read More about How to save a theatre: The Orpheum, Vancouver..

Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning. (2013)
Journal Article
WILSON, G., KISHK, M. and LAING, R. 2013. Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning. Public health frontier [online], 2(2), pages 114-121. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5963/PHF0202009

Public spending across the United Kingdom is facing unprecedented challenges as a result of the economic downturn. Nowhere is this more keenly felt than the interface between the National Health Service (NHS) and the construction industry. Limited go... Read More about Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning..