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Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
SANTOFIMIA, M.J., VILLANUEVA, F.J., CABA, J., FERNANDEZ-BERMEJO, J., DEL TORO, X., WIRATUNGA, N., TRAPERO, J.R., RUBIO, A., SALVADORI, C. and LOPEZ, J.C. [2021]. Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries. To be presented at 47th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Industrial Electronics Society annual conference 2021 (IECON 2021), 13-16 October 2021, [virtual conference].

The general aim of a cognitive Cyber Physical System of Systems (CPSoS) is to provide managed access to data in a smart fashion such that sensing and actuation capabilities are connected. Whilst there is significant funding and research devoted to th... Read More about Autonomous CPSoS for cognitive large manufacturing industries..

FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning. (2021)
Journal Article
PALIHAWADANA, C., WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A. and KALUTARAGE, H. [2021]. FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning. Neurocomputing [online], special issue: distributed machine learning, optimization and applications, (accepted).

Federated Learning (FL) is a distributed machine learning approach in which clients contribute to learning a global model in a privacy preserved manner. Effective aggregation of client models is essential to create a generalised global model. To what... Read More about FedSim: similarity guided model aggregation for federated learning..

DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A., NKISI-ORJI, I., MARTIN, K., PALIHAWADANA, C. and CORSAR, D. 2021. DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods. To be presented at 33rd IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) International conference on tools with artificial intelligence 2021 (ICTAI 2021), 1-3 November 2021, [virtual conference].

Counterfactual explanations focus on 'actionable knowledge' to help end-users understand how a machine learning outcome could be changed to a more desirable outcome. For this purpose a counterfactual explainer needs to discover input dependencies tha... Read More about DisCERN: discovering counterfactual explanations using relevance features from neighbourhoods..

Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset] (2021)
Dataset
SANDAL, L.F., BACH, K., ØVERÅS, C.K., WIRATUNGA, N., COOPER, K, et al. [2021]. Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset]. JAMA internal medicine [online], Online First. Available from: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2782459#supplemental-tab

SELFBACK is an evidence-based decision support system that supports self-management of nonspecific low back pain. In specific, SELFBACK provides the user with evidence-based advice on physical activity level, strength/ flexibility exercises, and educ... Read More about Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. [Dataset].

Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. (2021)
Journal Article
SANDAL, L.F., BACH, K., ØVERÅS, C.K., WIRATUNGA, N., COOPER, K, et al. [2021]. Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial. JAMA internal medicine [online], Online First. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.4097

Importance: Lower back pain (LBP) is a prevalent and challenging condition in primary care. The effectiveness of an individually tailored self-management support tool delivered via a smartphone app has not been rigorously tested. Objective: To invest... Read More about Effectiveness of app-delivered, tailored self-management support for adults with lower back pain-related disability: a selfBACK randomized clinical trial..

Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes. (2021)
Presentation / Conference
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S. and CRAW, S. 2021. Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes. Presented at 1st eXplainable artificial intelligence (XAI) in healthcare international workshop 2021 (XAI-Healthcare 2021), 16 June 2021, co-located with 19th Artificial intelligence in medicine (AIME) international conference 2021 (AIME 2021), 15-17 June 2021, [virtual conference]. Hosted on ArXiv [online], article 2109.15125. Available from: https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.15125

An ambient sensor network is installed in Smart Homes to identify low-level events taking place by residents, which are then analysed to generate a profile of activities of daily living. These profiles are compared to both the resident's typical prof... Read More about Visualisation to explain personal health trends in smart homes..

Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A., WIRATUNGA, N., NKILSI-ORJI, I., MARTIN, K., PALIHAWADANA, C. and CORSAR, D. 2021. Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints. In Martin, K., Wiratunga, N. and Wijekoon, A. (eds.) SICSA XAI workshop 2021: proceedings of 2021 SICSA (Scottish Informatics and Computer Science Alliance) eXplainable artificial intelligence workshop (SICSA XAI 2021), 1st June 2021, [virtual conference]. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2894. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], session 1, pages 1-8. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2894/short1.pdf

Counterfactual explanations focus on “actionable knowledge” to help end-users understand how a machine learning outcome could be changed to one that is more desirable. For this purpose a counterfactual explainer needs to be able to reason with simila... Read More about Counterfactual explanations for student outcome prediction with Moodle footprints..

Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide? (2021)
Report
IRONSIDE, R., HEDDLE, D. and MASSIE, S. 2021. Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide? Edinburgh: Royal Society of Edinburgh. Hosted on Orkney Digital Storytelling [online]. Available from: https://www.orkneydigitalstorytelling.com/project-report.html

In this report, a collaboration between Robert Gordon University and the University of the Highlands and Islands Institute for Northern Studies, the authors bring together findings from four workshops hosted as part of the My Orkney Story project.... Read More about Angles of vision: digital storytelling on the cosmic tide?.

Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. (2021)
Thesis
WIJEKOON, A. 2021. Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis. Hosted on OpenAIR [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.48526/rgu-wt-1358224

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) have been the primary contributor to the global disease burden, with increased years lived with disability. Such chronic conditions require self-management, typically in the form of maintaining an active lifestyle whil... Read More about Personalised exercise recognition towards improved self-management of musculoskeletal disorders..

Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders. (2021)
Journal Article
MARTIN, K., LIRET, A., WIRATUNGA, N., OWUSU, G. and KERN, M. [2021]. Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders. KI - Künstliche Intelligenz [online], Online First. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13218-020-00702-6

Explanation mechanisms for intelligent systems are typically designed to respond to specific user needs, yet in practice these systems tend to have a wide variety of users. This can present a challenge to organisations looking to satisfy the explanat... Read More about Evaluating explainability methods intended for multiple stakeholders..

Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S. and CRAW, S. 2020. Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi. In Alamaniotis, M. and Pan, S. (eds.) Proceedings of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 32nd Tools with artificial intelligence international conference 2020 (ICTAI 2020), 9-11 Nov 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], pages 722-730. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTAI50040.2020.00115

Ambient, non-intrusive approaches to smart home health monitoring, while limited in capability, are preferred by residents. More intrusive methods of sensing, such as video and wearables, can offer richer data but at the cost of lower resident uptake... Read More about Wifi-based human activity recognition using Raspberry Pi..

Personalised meta-learning for human activity recognition with few-data. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
WIJEKOON, A. and WIRATUNGA, N. 2020. Personalised meta-learning for human activity recognition with few-data. In Bramer, M. and Ellis, R. (eds.) Artificial intelligence XXXVII: proceedings of 40th British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) Artificial intelligence international conference 2020 (AI-2020), 15-17 December 2020, [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in artificial intelligence, 12498. Cham: Springer [online], pages 79-93. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63799-6_6

State-of-the-art methods of Human Activity Recognition(HAR) rely on a considerable amount of labelled data to train deep architectures. This becomes prohibitive when tasked with creating models that are sensitive to personal nuances in human movement... Read More about Personalised meta-learning for human activity recognition with few-data..

Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A., MASSIE, S. and CLOGHER, S. 2020. Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries. In Watson, I. and Weber, R. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 28th International conference on case-based reasoning research and development (ICCBR 2020), 8-12 June 2020, Salamanca, Spain [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in computer science, 12311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 279-294. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58342-2_18

Automated generation of human readable text from structured information is challenging because grammatical rules are complex making good quality outputs difficult to achieve. Textual Case-Based Reasoning provides one approach in which the text from p... Read More about Case-based approach to automated natural language generation for obituaries..

Learning to compare with few data for personalised human activity recognition. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
WIRATUNGA, N., WIJEKOON, A. and COOPER, K. 2020. Learning to compare with few data for personalised human activity recognition. In Watson, I and Weber, R. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 28th International conference on case-based reasoning research and development (ICCBR 2020), 8-12 June 2020, Salamanca, Spain [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in computer science, 12311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 3-14. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58342-2_1

Recent advances in meta-learning provides interesting opportunities for CBR research, in similarity learning, case comparison and personalised recommendations. Rather than learning a single model for a specific task, meta-learners adopt a generalist... Read More about Learning to compare with few data for personalised human activity recognition..

Clood CBR: towards microservices oriented case-based reasoning. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
NKISI-ORJI, I., WIRATUNGA, N., PALIHAWADANA, C., RECIO-GARCIA, J.A. and CORSAR, D. 2020. Clood CBR: towards microservices oriented case-based reasoning. In Watson, I and Weber, R. (eds.) Case-based reasoning research and development: proceedings of the 28th International conference on case-based reasoning research and development (ICCBR 2020), 8-12 June 2020, Salamanca, Spain [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in computer science, 12311. Cham: Springer [online], pages 129-143. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58342-2_9

CBR applications have been deployed in a wide range of sectors, from pharmaceuticals; to defence and aerospace to IoT and transportation, to poetry and music generation; for example. However, a majority of these have been built using monolithic archi... Read More about Clood CBR: towards microservices oriented case-based reasoning..

Assessing the clinicians’ pathway to embed artificial intelligence for assisted diagnostics of fracture detection. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
MORENO-GARCÍA, C.F., DANG, T., MARTIN, K., PATEL, M., THOMPSON, A., LEISHMAN, L. and WIRATUNGA, N. 2020. Assessing the clinicians’ pathway to embed artificial intelligence for assisted diagnostics of fracture detection. In Bach, K., Bunescu, R., Marling, C. and Wiratunga, N. (eds.) Knowledge discovery in healthcare data 2020: proceedings of the 5th Knowledge discovery in healthcare data international workshop 2020 (KDH 2020), co-located with 24th European Artificial intelligence conference (ECAI 2020), 29-30 August 2020, [virtual conference]. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2675. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], pages 63-70. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2675/paper10.pdf

Fracture detection has been a long-standingparadigm on the medical imaging community. Many algo-rithms and systems have been presented to accurately detectand classify images in terms of the presence and absence offractures in different parts of the... Read More about Assessing the clinicians’ pathway to embed artificial intelligence for assisted diagnostics of fracture detection..

Naive Bayes: applications, variations and vulnerabilities: a review of literature with code snippets for implementation. (2020)
Journal Article
WICKRAMASINGHE, I. and KALUTARAGE, H. 2021. Naive Bayes: applications, variations and vulnerabilities: a review of literature with code snippets for implementation. Soft computing [online], 25(3), pages 2277-2293. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-020-05297-6

Naïve Bayes (NB) is a well-known probabilistic classification algorithm. It is a simple but efficient algorithm with a wide variety of real-world applications, ranging from product recommendations through medical diagnosis to controlling autonomous v... Read More about Naive Bayes: applications, variations and vulnerabilities: a review of literature with code snippets for implementation..

Usability and acceptability of an app (SELFBACK) to support self-management of low back pain: mixed methods study. (2020)
Journal Article
NORDSTOGA, A.L., BACH, K., SANI, S., WIRATUNGA, N., MORK, P.J., VILLUMSEN, M. and COOPER, K. 2020. Usability and acceptability of an app (SELFBACK) to support self-management of low back pain: mixed methods study. JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies [online], 7(2), article number e18729. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2196/18729

Self-management is the key recommendation for managing non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, there are well-documented barriers to self-management, therefore methods of facilitating adherence are required. Smartphone apps are increasingly being... Read More about Usability and acceptability of an app (SELFBACK) to support self-management of low back pain: mixed methods study..

The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism. (2020)
Journal Article
IRONSIDE, R. and MASSIE, S. 2020. The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism. Time and mind [online], 13(3), pages 227-244. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/1751696X.2020.1809862

Supernatural folktales have a long oral tradition in Scotland, embedded in local communities and the landscapes of the region. Recently, these folktales have been utilised by destinations as a form of place-making, and a driver for increasing tourist... Read More about The folklore-centric gaze: a relational approach to landscape, folklore and tourism..

Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
FORBES, G., MASSIE, S., CRAW, S., FRASER, L. and HAMILTON, G. 2020. Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring. In Proceedings of the 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) International joint conference on neural networks (IEEE IJCNN 2020), part of the 2020 IEEE World congress on computational intelligence (IEEE WCCI 2020) and co-located with the 2020 IEEE congress on evolutionary computation (IEEE CEC 2020) and the 2020 IEEE International fuzzy systems conference (FUZZ-IEEE 2020), 19-24 July 2020, [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9207480. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/IJCNN48605.2020.9207480

Long term health conditions, such as fall risk, are traditionally diagnosed through testing performed in hospital environments. Smart Homes offer the opportunity to perform continuous, long-term behavioural and vitals monitoring of residents, which m... Read More about Representing temporal dependencies in smart home activity recognition for health monitoring..