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Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland. (2021)
Journal Article
BOAG, L., MACLURE, K., BOYTER, A., CUNNINGHAM, S., AKRAM, G., MCQUILLAN, H. and STEWART, D. 2021. Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland. Pharmacy practice [online], 19(1), article 2152. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/pharmpract.2021.1.2152

Background: The Minor Ailment Service (MAS) in Scottish community pharmacy allows eligible people to gain improved access to care by providing free treatment for self-limiting conditions. Objective: To determine the perceptions and experiences of ind... Read More about Public perceptions and experiences of the minor ailment service in community pharmacy in Scotland..

Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. (2020)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., AWAISU, A., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2021. Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 43(1), pages 107-117. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01114-0

Background: In Qatar, the National Vision 2030 and the National Health Strategy 2018-2022 articulate the need to improve healthcare delivery by better utilisation of the skilled workforce. In this regard, pharmacy practice is rapidly advancing and se... Read More about Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar..

Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. (2020)
Journal Article
GENERALOVA, D., CUNNINGHAM, S., LESLIE, S.J., RUSHWORTH, G.F., MCIVER, L. and STEWART, D. 2020. Prescribers' perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Pharmacy practice [online], 18(2), article ID 1936. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2020.2.1936

Background: There is an acknowledged lack of robust and rigorous research focusing on the perspectives of those prescribing direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Objective: The objective was to describe... Read More about Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation..

A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. (2020)
Journal Article
ALRAIISI, F., STEWART, D., ASHLEY, C., FAHMY, M., ALNAAMANI, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(3), pages 560-571. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.05.005

The literature shows a lack of evidence on pharmacists contributing to chronic kidney disease services. The aim was to determine pharmacists’ behaviors and experiences and perceptions of barriers and facilitators to implementation of models of care.... Read More about A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease..

The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2020)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy [online], 75(9), pages 2394-2410. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkaa154

Objectives: This systematic review (SR) reviews the evidence on use of theory in developing and evaluating behaviour change interventions (BCIs) to improve clinicians antimicrobial prescribing (AP). Methods: The SR protocol was registered with PROSPE... Read More about The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. (2020)
Journal Article
HOGAN-MURPHY, D., STEWART, D., TONNA, A., STRATH, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(2), pages 398-405. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.03.005

Background: Limited data exist on the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospitals. Whilst numerous studies advocate system use in improved patient safety and efficiency within the health service,... Read More about Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings..

A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain. (2020)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., RUSHWORTH, G., BAILEY, N., PFLEGER, S., JEBARA, T., MUNRO, K., YOUNGSON, E., WILSON, M., MACLEOD, J. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain. Age and ageing [online], 49(3), pages 432-438. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz181

Background: Although there is evidence of suboptimal outcomes in older people with chronic pain, little emphasis has been placed on those in remote and rural settings. Objective: To describe the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands... Read More about A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., CUNNINGHAM, S. and ZIGLAM, H. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at 2019 Federation of Infection Societies conference (FIS 2019), 11-14 November 2019, Edinburgh, UK.

Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing. There remains a need for behaviour change interventions at clinician level to promote appropriate prescribing. Theories should b... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland. (2019)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., MACLURE, K., NEWHAM, R., GIBSON-SMITH, K., BRUCE, R., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, A., FRY, S., MACKERROW, J. and BENNIE, M. 2020. A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland. Family practice [online], 37(2), pages 206-212. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmz052

Background: In Scotland, there has been significant investment in pharmacy teams in general medical practices over recent years, aligned to current government policy. Objectives: To characterize the national pharmacy workforce including activities un... Read More about A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., AL HAIL, M., ABDOULROUF, P. ZIGLAM, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at the 5th International conference on prevention and infection control (ICPIC 2019), 10-13 September 2019, Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its threats have long been recognised. Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing, minimise AMR and improve outcomes. There... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing. (2019)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AWAISU, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2020. A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 16(6), pages 812-818. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.09.005

Background: There is an extensive evidence base of the effectiveness and safety of pharmacist prescribing around the globe. There is therefore potential to develop a framework to support the implementation in Qatar to achieve the National Vision 2030... Read More about A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing..

An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland. (2019)
Journal Article
BUIST, E. MCLELLAND, R., RUSHWORTH, G.F., STEWART, D., GIBSON-SMITH, K., MACLURE, A., CUNNINGHAM, S. and MACLURE, K. 2019. An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 41(5), pages 1138-1142. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-019-00897-1

Background: A 12-month pilot was implemented in two general practices in remote and rural Scotland, with patients referred by general practitioners to specialist mental health pharmacist independent prescribers. Objective: The objective was to evalua... Read More about An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland..

Prescribers' views and experiences of using direct acting oral anticoagulants in the management of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a survey in remote and rural Scotland. (2019)
Journal Article
GENERALOVA, D., CUNNINGHAM, S., LESLIE, S.J., RUSHWORTH, G., MCIVER, L. and STEWART, D. 2019. Prescribers’ views and experiences of using direct acting oral anticoagulants in the management of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a survey in remote and rural Scotland. British journal of clinical pharmacology [online], 85(10), pages 2414-2422. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14069

A recent systematic review highlighted the lack of robust studies on prescribers' perspectives of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim was to determine prescribers' views and experiences of pres... Read More about Prescribers' views and experiences of using direct acting oral anticoagulants in the management of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a survey in remote and rural Scotland..

Key stakeholders' views on the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing: a qualitative investigation. (2019)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AWAISU, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2020. Key stakeholders’ views on the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing: a qualitative investigation. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 16(3), pages 405-414. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.06.009

Background: An accumulation of international evidence demonstrates that pharmacist prescribing is effective, safe and well-accepted. While there is potential for such development in the Middle East, the majority of published studies are largely repor... Read More about Key stakeholders' views on the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing: a qualitative investigation..

Clinical pharmacy practice in the care of chronic kidney disease patients: a systematic review. (2019)
Journal Article
AL RAIISI, F., STEWART, D., FERNANDEZ-LLIMOS, F., SALGADO, T., MOHAMED, M.F. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2019. Clinical pharmacy practice in the care of chronic kidney disease patients: a systematic review. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 41(3), pages 630-666. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-019-00816-4

Background: Clinical pharmacy services have potential to contribute significantly to the multidisciplinary team providing safe, effective and economic care for patients. Given recent practice developments (e.g. polypharmacy reviews and pharmacist pre... Read More about Clinical pharmacy practice in the care of chronic kidney disease patients: a systematic review..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interversions that improve clinicians' antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., CUNNINGHAM, S., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., AL-HAIL, M., ROUF, P.V.A. and ZIGLAM, H. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at the 2019 Health services research and pharmacy practice conference (HSRPP 2019), 8-9 April 2019, Birmingham, UK.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its threats have long been recognised. Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing, minimise AMR and improve outcomes. There remains a nee... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interversions that improve clinicians' antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviours and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for chronic kidney disease patients. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
AL RAIISI, F., STEWART, D., ASHLEY, C., FAHMY, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2019. A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviours and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for chronic kidney disease patients. European journal of hospital pharmacy [online], 26(Supplement 1): proceedings of the 24th European Association of Hospital Pharmacists (EAHP) congress 2019: personalised hospital pharmacy: meeting the needs of every patient, 27-29 March 2019, Barcelona, Spain, article number 4CPS-193. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1136/ejhpharm-2019-eahpconf.342

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a comorbid condition with high economic burden. Patients need multiple medications and pharmacists provide care that improves outcomes. Al Raiisi et al. recently completed a systematic review showing a paucity of infor... Read More about A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviours and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for chronic kidney disease patients..

A theoretically informed survey of the views and experiences of practicing pharmacists on research conduct, dissemination and translation. (2018)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., CUNNINGHAM, S., STRATH, A., MACLURE, A., GIBSON-SMITH, K., RUSHWORTH, G.F., DREISCHULTE, T., NICOLSON, C., PFLEGER, D., TIERNAN, D. and MACLURE, K. 2019. A theoretically informed survey of the views and experiences of practicing pharmacists on research conduct, dissemination and translation. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 15(11), pages 1298-1308. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.12.005

While studies have reported pharmacists' perspectives of research involvement, almost all are limited by sector, have little focus on research translation and have not incorporated behavior change theory. The objective of this research was to determi... Read More about A theoretically informed survey of the views and experiences of practicing pharmacists on research conduct, dissemination and translation..

Comparing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care between patients residing in central and remote locations: a retrospective case series. (2018)
Journal Article
KAMONA, A., CUNNINGHAM, S., ADDISON, B., RUSHWORTH, G.F., CALL, A., BLOE, C., INNES, A., BOND, R.R., PEACE, A. and LESLIE, S.J. 2018. Comparing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care between patients residing in central and remote locations: a retrospective case series. Rural and remote health [online], 18(4), article ID 4618. Available from: https://doi.org/10.22605/RRH4618

People who experience an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to an occluded coronary artery require prompt treatment. Treatments to open a blocked artery are called reperfusion therapies (RTs), and can include intravenous pharmacological t... Read More about Comparing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care between patients residing in central and remote locations: a retrospective case series..

A multi-perspective evaluation of specialist mental health clinical pharmacist prescribers practising withing general practices in NHS Highland. (2018)
Presentation / Conference
BUIST, E., MCLELLAND, R., MACLURE, K., STEWART, D., RUSHWORTH, G., GIBSON SMITH, K., MACLURE, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2018. A multi-perspective evaluation of specialist mental health clinical pharmacist prescribers practising within general practices in NHS Highland. Presented at the 9th International College of Mental Health Pharmacy (CMHP) psychiatric pharmacy conference, 12-14 October 2018, Loughborough, UK.

Mental health issues are a common feature of primary care consultations and around a third of GP consultations have a mental health element. The Scottish Government’s 10 year Mental Health Strategy has ambitions to transform services so every GP prac... Read More about A multi-perspective evaluation of specialist mental health clinical pharmacist prescribers practising withing general practices in NHS Highland..