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Clinical benefits and costs of an outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service. (2021)
Journal Article
BUGEJA, S.J., STEWART, D. and VOSPER, H. [2021]. Clinical benefits and costs of an outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], In Press. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2021.01.009

Background: The enrolment of patients to an outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) service can be a means of mitigating financial burdens related to the provision of care and optimisation of hospital bed management. Objective: This study... Read More about Clinical benefits and costs of an outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service..

Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. (2020)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., AWAISU, A., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2021. Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 43(1), pages 107-117. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01114-0

Background: In Qatar, the National Vision 2030 and the National Health Strategy 2018-2022 articulate the need to improve healthcare delivery by better utilisation of the skilled workforce. In this regard, pharmacy practice is rapidly advancing and se... Read More about Health-related stakeholders' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar..

Mapping hospital antimicrobial stewardship programmes in the Gulf Cooperation Council states against international standards: a systematic review. (2020)
Journal Article
HASHAD, N., PERUMAL, D., STEWART, D. and TONNA, A. 2020. Mapping hospital antimicrobial stewardship programs in the Gulf Cooperation Council states against international standards: a systematic review. Journal of hospital infection [online], 106(3), pages 404-418. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.09.004

Background: While there is evidence of implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP) in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States, there has been limited benchmarking and mapping to international standards and frameworks. Aim: To criti... Read More about Mapping hospital antimicrobial stewardship programmes in the Gulf Cooperation Council states against international standards: a systematic review..

Views and experiences of community pharmacy team members on antimicrobial stewardship activities in Scotland: a qualitative study. (2020)
Journal Article
TONNA, A.P., WEIDMANN, A.E., SNEDDON, J. and STEWART, D. 2020. Views and experiences of community pharmacy team members on antimicrobial stewardship activities in Scotland: a qualitative study. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 42(5), pages 1261-1269. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01042-z

Background: It has been acknowledged and recognised internationally that the community pharmacy team has a major role to play in antimicrobial stewardship programmes, particularly regarding patient engagement. However, there is a paucity of published... Read More about Views and experiences of community pharmacy team members on antimicrobial stewardship activities in Scotland: a qualitative study..

Investigating the incidence, nature, severity and potential causality of medication errors in hospital settings in Qatar. (2020)
Journal Article
THOMAS, B., PALLIVALAPILA, A., EL KASSEM, W., AL HAIL, M., PAUDYAL, V., MCLAY, J., MACLURE, K. and STEWART, D. 2021. Investigating the incidence, nature, severity and potential causality of medication errors in hospital settings in Qatar. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 43(1), pages 77-84. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01108-y

Background: Medication errors are a major public health concern that negatively impact patient safety and health outcomes. Effective and efficient medication error reporting systems and practices are imperative in reducing error incidence and severit... Read More about Investigating the incidence, nature, severity and potential causality of medication errors in hospital settings in Qatar..

A systematic review of pharmacist input to metabolic syndrome screening, management and prevention. (2020)
Journal Article
AL ADAWI, R.M., STEWART, D., RYAN, C. and TONNA, A. 2020. A systematic review of pharmacist input to metabolic syndrome screening, management and prevention. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 42(4), pages 995-1015. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01084-3

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and include: diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, elevated triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high blood-pressure. However, t... Read More about A systematic review of pharmacist input to metabolic syndrome screening, management and prevention..

Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. (2020)
Journal Article
GENERALOVA, D., CUNNINGHAM, S., LESLIE, S.J., RUSHWORTH, G.F., MCIVER, L. and STEWART, D. 2020. Prescribers' perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Pharmacy practice [online], 18(2), article ID 1936. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2020.2.1936

Background: There is an acknowledged lack of robust and rigorous research focusing on the perspectives of those prescribing direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Objective: The objective was to describe... Read More about Prescribers’ perceptions of benefits and limitations of direct acting oral anticoagulants in non-valvular atrial fibrillation..

A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. (2020)
Journal Article
ALRAIISI, F., STEWART, D., ASHLEY, C., FAHMY, M., ALNAAMANI, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(3), pages 560-571. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.05.005

The literature shows a lack of evidence on pharmacists contributing to chronic kidney disease services. The aim was to determine pharmacists’ behaviors and experiences and perceptions of barriers and facilitators to implementation of models of care.... Read More about A theoretically based cross-sectional survey on the behaviors and experiences of clinical pharmacists caring for patients with chronic kidney disease..

Views and experiences of decision‐makers on organisational safety culture and medication errors. (2020)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., MACLURE, K., PALLIVALAPILA, A., DIJKSTRA, A., WILBUR, K., WILBY, K., AWAISU, A., MCLAY, J.S., THOMAS, B., RYAN, C., EL KASSEM, W., SINGH, R. and AL HAIL, M.S.H. 2020. Views and experiences of decision-makers on organisational safety culture and medication errors. International journal of clinical practice [online], 74(9), article ID e13560. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13560

Background: In 2017, the World Health Organization published 'Medication Without Harm, WHO Global Patient Safety Challenge,' to reduce patient harm caused by unsafe medication use practices. While the five objectives emphasise the need to create a fr... Read More about Views and experiences of decision‐makers on organisational safety culture and medication errors..

The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2020)
Journal Article
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ZIGLAM, H., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., DIAB, M. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy [online], 75(9), pages 2394-2410. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkaa154

All rights reserved. Objectives: This systematic review (SR) reviews the evidence on use of theory in developing and evaluating behaviour change interventions (BCIs) to improve clinicians antimicrobial prescribing (AP). Methods: The SR protocol was r... Read More about The use of theory in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Staff team perceptions of the Maltese outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
BUGEJA, S.J., STEWART, D. and VOSPER, H. [2020]. Staff team perceptions of the Maltese outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service. In Charles, R. and Golightly, D. (eds.). Contemporary ergonomics and human factors 2020: proceedings of the 2020 Ergonomics and human factors conference (EHF 2020), co-located with the 13th International organisational design and management conference (ODAM 2020), 27-29 April 2020, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK. Birmingham: CIEHF [online]. Available from: https://publications.ergonomics.org.uk/uploads/Staff-team-perceptions-of-the-Maltese-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-service.pdf

The Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy (OPAT) service was developed to cater for hospitalised patients receiving antimicrobial treatment and who are stable enough to be discharged to an outpatient or home setting. The authors have used the S... Read More about Staff team perceptions of the Maltese outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service..

Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. (2020)
Journal Article
HOGAN-MURPHY, D., STEWART, D., TONNA, A., STRATH, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2021. Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 17(2), pages 398-405. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.03.005

Background: Limited data exist on the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospitals. Whilst numerous studies advocate system use in improved patient safety and efficiency within the health service,... Read More about Use of normalization process theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings..

A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain. (2020)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., RUSHWORTH, G., BAILEY, N., PFLEGER, S., JEBARA, T., MUNRO, K., YOUNGSON, E., WILSON, M., MACLEOD, J. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2020. A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain. Age and ageing [online], 49(3), pages 432-438. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz181

Background: Although there is evidence of suboptimal outcomes in older people with chronic pain, little emphasis has been placed on those in remote and rural settings. Objective: To describe the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands... Read More about A cross-sectional survey of the perspectives of older people in the Scottish Highlands on the management of their chronic pain..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., ABDULROUF, P.V., AL-HAIL, M., CUNNINGHAM, S. and ZIGLAM, H. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at 2019 Federation of Infection Societies conference (FIS 2019), 11-14 November 2019, Edinburgh, UK.

Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing. There remains a need for behaviour change interventions at clinician level to promote appropriate prescribing. Theories should b... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

Hospital antimicrobial stewardship program implementation in the Gulf Cooperation Council States: a systematic review of evidence of implementation. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
HASHAD, N., TONNA., A., PERUMAL, D. and STEWART, D. 2019. Hospital antimicrobial stewardship program implementation in the Gulf Cooperation Council States: a systematic review of evidence of implementation. Presented at 4th Gulf congress of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases (GCCMID 2019), co-located with the 31st International congress of antimicrobial chemotherapy (ICC 2019) (ICC-GCCMID 2019), 6-9 November 2019, Dubai, UAE.

Background and Purpose: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has led to the development of initiatives aimed at optimizing antimicrobial use. Co-ordinated interventions for promoting and monitoring safe and effective use of antimicrobials are termed antimi... Read More about Hospital antimicrobial stewardship program implementation in the Gulf Cooperation Council States: a systematic review of evidence of implementation..

A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland. (2019)
Journal Article
STEWART, D., MACLURE, K., NEWHAM, R., GIBSON-SMITH, K., BRUCE, R., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, A., FRY, S., MACKERROW, J. and BENNIE, M. 2020. A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland. Family practice [online], 37(2), pages 206-212. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmz052

Background: In Scotland, there has been significant investment in pharmacy teams in general medical practices over recent years, aligned to current government policy. Objectives: To characterize the national pharmacy workforce including activities un... Read More about A cross-sectional survey of the pharmacy workforce in general practice in Scotland..

Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. (2019)
Presentation / Conference
TALKHAN, H., STEWART, D., MCINTOSH, T., AL HAIL, M., ABDOULROUF, P. ZIGLAM, H. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2019. Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review. Presented at the 5th International conference on prevention and infection control (ICPIC 2019), 10-13 September 2019, Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its threats have long been recognised. Many countries have developed antimicrobial stewardship programmes with strategies to optimise antimicrobial prescribing, minimise AMR and improve outcomes. There... Read More about Theoretical approaches in the development and evaluation of behaviour change interventions that improve clinicians’ antimicrobial prescribing: a systematic review..

A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing. (2019)
Journal Article
JEBARA, T., CUNNINGHAM, S., MACLURE, K., PALLIVALAPILA, A., AWAISU, A., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D. 2020. A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 16(6), pages 812-818. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.09.005

Background: There is an extensive evidence base of the effectiveness and safety of pharmacist prescribing around the globe. There is therefore potential to develop a framework to support the implementation in Qatar to achieve the National Vision 2030... Read More about A modified-Delphi study of a framework to support the potential implementation of pharmacist prescribing..

An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland. (2019)
Journal Article
BUIST, E. MCLELLAND, R., RUSHWORTH, G.F., STEWART, D., GIBSON-SMITH, K., MACLURE, A., CUNNINGHAM, S. and MACLURE, K. 2019. An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 41(5), pages 1138-1142. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-019-00897-1

Background: A 12-month pilot was implemented in two general practices in remote and rural Scotland, with patients referred by general practitioners to specialist mental health pharmacist independent prescribers. Objective: The objective was to evalua... Read More about An evaluation of mental health clinical pharmacist independent prescribers within general practice in remote and rural Scotland..

Human factors approaches to evaluating outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy services: a systematic review. (2019)
Journal Article
BUGEJA, S.J., STEWART, D., STRATH, A. and VOSPER, H. 2020. Human factors approaches to evaluating outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy services: a systematic review. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], 16(5), pages 614-627. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.08.009

Background: The expansion in terms of available treatment options and models of care has led to a growing global momentum for outpatient antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) services. A systematic review was undertaken to explore Human Factors aspects relati... Read More about Human factors approaches to evaluating outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy services: a systematic review..