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A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. (2021)
Journal Article
LEON, M. and LAING, R. [2021]. A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. Journal of engineering, design and technology [online], EarlyCite. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2020-0399

Purpose/Design: A collaborative approach from the outset is imperative for project success, especially when considering multidisciplinary teams in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. However, involving different disciplines... Read More about A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects..

Digital heritage as a route towards social engagement. (2020)
Book Chapter
LAING, R., LEON, M., HERBERT, C. and ROBERTS, C. 2020. Digital heritage as a route towards social engagement. In Melendez, F., Diniz, N. and Del Signore, M. (eds.) Data, matter, design: strategies in computational design. Abingdon: Routledge [online], pages 266-271. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780367369156-85

The historic environment faces many challenges, one of which is a poor understanding of the positive role it can play in the maintenance, development, and regeneration of communities, their culture, and their economy. Aberdeenshire Council considers... Read More about Digital heritage as a route towards social engagement..

Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria. (2020)
Journal Article
JOHNSON, F.I. and LEON, M. 2020. Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria. Global journal of science frontier research H: environment and earth science [online], 20(3), pages 1-14. Available from: https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/2735

Several occurrences of the transport system of the natural gold vandalisms in Nigeria, especially in the Niger Delta part of Nigeria is so upfront and seem neverending. However, this seemed also to be a result of many factors ranging from the unemplo... Read More about Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria..

BIM solutions for construction lifecycle: a myth or a tangible future? (2018)
Conference Proceeding
PAPADONIKOLAKI, E., LEON, M. and MAHAMADU, A.M. 2018. BIM solutions for construction lifecycle: a myth or a tangible future? In Karlshoj, J. and Scherer, R (eds.) eWork and ebusiness in architecture, engineering and construction: proceedings of the 12th European conference on product and process modelling 2018 (ECPPM 2018), 12-14 September 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark. Boca Raton: CRC Press, pages 321-328. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429506215.

Building information Modelling (BIM) lies at the centre of construction industry’s interest nowadays, with a revolutionary impact on the ways that professionals work, collaborate and conduct business. The application of BIM is not as straightforward... Read More about BIM solutions for construction lifecycle: a myth or a tangible future?.

An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. (2018)
Journal Article
YIN, B.C.L., LAING, R., LEON, M. and MABON, L. 2018. An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. Sustainable cities and society [online], 39, pages 613-620. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.03.024

Environmental challenges and risks associated with climate change face all of our cities, and the construction industry has a major role to play in terms of changed practice. The Singaporean government has, over a period of many decades, made efforts... Read More about An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore..

Towards computational dialogue types for BIM collaborative design: an initial study. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
TONIOLO, A. and LEON, M. 2017. Towards computational dialogue types for BIM collaborative design: an initial study. In Bistarelli, S., Giacomin, M. and Pazienza, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on advances in argumentation in artificial intelligence (AI^3 2017), 16-17 November 2017, Bari, Italy. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2012. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], session 3: dialogues, real world arguments and applications, pages 79-84. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2012/AI3-2017_paper_8.pdf

Collaborative design is an iterative process of selecting and evaluating solutions under potentially conflicting requirements, a concept central to Building Information Modelling (BIM) implementation. Previous research has shown that design can be be... Read More about Towards computational dialogue types for BIM collaborative design: an initial study..

Exploring visual asset management collaboration: learning from the oil and gas sector. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M., AHIAGA-DAGBUI, D., FLEMING, C. and LAING, R. 2017. Exploring visual asset management collaboration: learning from the oil and gas sector. In Chan, P.W. and Neilson, C.J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 33rd Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) annual conference, 4-6 September 2017, Cambridge, UK. Manchester: ARCOM [online], pages 765-774. Available from: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/proceedings/5f524baa70ec1d0c7cdfafec96acc7e9.pdf

Visual Asset Management (VAM) is defined as a visual, collaborative and cloud-based database application for project sharing, viewing, delivery, operation and maintenance. VAM provides a platform that contains multiple visual data sources of an infra... Read More about Exploring visual asset management collaboration: learning from the oil and gas sector..

Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M., LAING, R., LOVEDAY, J., MCCLEAN, D. and BEATTIE, S. 2017. Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen. In Bosché, F., Brilakis, I. and Sacks, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2017 Lean and computing in construction congress (LC3 2017), 4-7 July 2017, Heraklion, Greece. Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University [online], volume 1: proceedings of the Joint conference on computing in construction (JC3), pages 525-532. Available from: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0141

This paper is focusing on the local strategic development plan for the city of Aberdeen, UK, and examines the initiation of applying a regeneration plan to the city centre. For that purpose, Aberdeen City Council commissioned Robert Gordon University... Read More about Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen..

Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and TONIOLO, A. 2017. Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application. In Bosché, F., Brilakis, I. and Sacks, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2017 Lean and computing in construction congress (LC3 2017), 4-7 July 2017, Heraklion, Greece. Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University [online], volume 1: proceedings of the Joint conference on computing in construction (JC3), pages 767-774. Available from: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0078

Collaborative design is an iterative process of selecting and evaluating solutions in the presence of several potentially conflicting requirements dictated by different professional expertise and preferences, a concept central to Building Information... Read More about Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application..

The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
LAING, R., TAIT, E., ISAACS, J., LEON, M. and REID, P. 2016. The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas. In Proceedings of the 2016 RICS construction, building and real estate research conference (COBRA 2016), 20-22 September 2016, Toronto, Canada. London: RICS.

This paper concerns the application of cutting edge digital recording techniques within the context of heritage-led urban regeneration. The work is innovative in that it supports the belief of decision makers and local stakeholders that there is pote... Read More about The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas..

The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
SHAW, A., LEON, M. and SCOTT, J. 2016. The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning. In Galiano Garrigos, A. and Kouider, T. (eds.) Proceedings of the 6th International congress of architectural technology (ICAT 2016): healthy buildings: innovation, design and technology, 12-14 May 2016, Alicante, Spain. Alicante: University of Alicante [online], pages 67-94. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/55251

Cultural heritage sites all over the world are at risk due to aggressive urban expansion, development, wars and general obsolescence. Not all objects are recorded in detail although they may have social and historical significance. For example more e... Read More about The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning..

Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and TONIOLO, A. 2015. Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations: proceedings of the 1st International conference on building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations, 9-11 September 2015, Bristol, UK. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press [online], pages 217-228. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2495/BIM150191

The early design stages are the most vital for the development of the design of a building project and the decisions taken during these steps are significant for the further progress of the project, regarding aspects like cost, performance, reliabili... Read More about Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages..

Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages. (2015)
Book Chapter
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J. and SALMAN, H.S. 2015. Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press, pages 205-216.

This paper presents the application of a Conceptual Design Stages Protocol during feasibility stages within a multidisciplinary design team, for the purpose of bridging the gap between ideas generation and their representation in later and more advan... Read More about Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages..

Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment. (2015)
Book Chapter
LAING, R., LEON, M., ISAACS, J. and GEORGIEV, D. 2015. Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press, pages 279-289.

The emergence in recent years of technology to support the use of data rich models within architecture has significantly aided the uptake of building information modelling. Simultaneously, there has been a rapid expansion in the capabilities and wide... Read More about Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment..

Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages. (2015)
Thesis
LEON, M. 2015. Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Effective multidisciplinary design collaboration and increased effort during the feasibility and early design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value and overall success of a built environment project, from the initial d... Read More about Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages..

Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. (2014)
Journal Article
LAING, R., LEON, M., MAHDJOUBI, L. and SCOTT, J. 2014. Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 120-130. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.012

In recent years, there have been rapid developments in techniques available to capture three dimensional data with regards to the existing built environment. Such technologies support the collection of both large scale landscape and streetscape data,... Read More about Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making..

Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. (2014)
Journal Article
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J., SALMAN, H. 2014. Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 108-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.011

Effective collaboration and maximum effort from stakeholders during the feasibility and concept design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value for the overall success of a building project, from the initial design throug... Read More about Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment..

Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and LAING, R. 2014. Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 192-205. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/archtechcongress1/products-services/proceedings/ICAT%202014%20Proceedings.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1

Effective conceptual and collaborative design process in architecture is a prerequisite for efficient overall project development. This can be facilitated by computer mediation methods, including emerging augmented reality technologies and tactile an... Read More about Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation..

Network FOuNTAIN a CDBB network: For ONTologies and information maNagement in digital built Britain. Final report.
Report
DEMIAN, P., YEOMANS, S.G., MURGUIA-SANCHEZ, D.E., WEST, M., BARR, S., BEACH, T., KASSEM, M., BUHAGIAR, J., CHAPMAN, L., GIBBS, D.-J., HOME, R., JORDAAN, A., LEON, M., MILLS, J., MURPHY, J., POPA, A., RUSH, I., SAADOON, H., SAVIAN, C., SIMPSON, M., TAPPENDEN, G., TURNEY, P. and WANG, Y. 2019. Network FOuNTAIN a CDBB network: For ONTologies and information maNagement in digital built Britain. Final report. Cambridge: Centre for Digital Built Britain [online]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.40456

Network FOuNTAIN is the Network For ONTologies And Information maNagement in Digital Built Britain. The Network is supported by the Centre for Digital Built Britain. The vision of the Network is for all stakeholders in Digital Built Britain (DBB) to... Read More about Network FOuNTAIN a CDBB network: For ONTologies and information maNagement in digital built Britain. Final report..