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A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. (2020)
Journal Article
LEON, M. and LAING, R. [2020]. A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects. Journal of engineering, design and technology [online], (accepted). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2020-0399

Purpose/Design: A collaborative approach from the outset is imperative for project success, especially when considering multidisciplinary teams in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. However, involving different disciplines... Read More about A concept design stages protocol to support collaborative processes in architecture, engineering and construction projects..

Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. (2020)
Journal Article
ZECCA, C., GAGLIONE, F., LAING, R. and GARGIULO, C. 2020. Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19. TeMA: journal of land use, mobility and environment [online], 13(2), pages 241-256. Available from: https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7051

The emergency of COVID-19 changed the face of our cities, preventing most of the urban activities, limiting travels on large, medium and short distances and drastically reducing the number and the intensity of social relationships. The restrictive me... Read More about Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the COVID-19..

Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria. (2020)
Journal Article
JOHNSON, F.I. and LEON, M. 2020. Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria. Global journal of science frontier research H: environment and earth science [online], 20(3), pages 1-14. Available from: https://journalofscience.org/index.php/GJSFR/article/view/2735

Several occurrences of the transport system of the natural gold vandalisms in Nigeria, especially in the Niger Delta part of Nigeria is so upfront and seem neverending. However, this seemed also to be a result of many factors ranging from the unemplo... Read More about Identifying the immediate and remote causes of pipeline disasters in Nigeria..

Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. (2020)
Journal Article
LAING, R. 2020. Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation. Developments in the built environment [online], 4, article ID 100017. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dibe.2020.100017

Modelling and visualisation of the built heritage has become an area where digital tools and techniques have become pervasive. This extends across all stages and aspects of heritage projects, and has come to include the culture of data pertaining to... Read More about Built heritage modelling and visualisation: the potential to engage with issues of heritage value and wider participation..

Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views. (2020)
Journal Article
ZECCA, C. and LAING, R. 2020. Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views. Sustainable cities and society [online], 56, article ID 102108. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102108

This paper explores the application of a combination of urban analysis methods in order to gather data and explore the implications of abandonment in a city. Nowadays, in a period of economic recession, developments based on demolitions and reconstru... Read More about Reading underused urban spaces: Aberdeen views..

Inclusive design for immersive spaces. (2019)
Journal Article
CRABB, M., CLARKE, D., ALWAER, H., HERON, M. and LAING, R. 2019. Inclusive design for immersive spaces. Design journal [online], 22(Sup 1: running with scissors: proceedings from 13th European Academy of Design international conference (EAD 2019), 10-12 April 2019, Dundee, UK), pages 2105-2118. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2019.1594934

It is vital when creating learning environments that attention is paid towards individuals using a given space, activities that they will carry out, and the available equipment that will facilitate this. It is also important that these spaces are cre... Read More about Inclusive design for immersive spaces..

An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. (2018)
Journal Article
YIN, B.C.L., LAING, R., LEON, M. and MABON, L. 2018. An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore. Sustainable cities and society [online], 39, pages 613-620. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.03.024

Environmental challenges and risks associated with climate change face all of our cities, and the construction industry has a major role to play in terms of changed practice. The Singaporean government has, over a period of many decades, made efforts... Read More about An evaluation of sustainable construction perceptions and practices in Singapore..

Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre? (2017)
Journal Article
RICE, K., HUGHES, E., LAING, R. and DEVECI, G. 2017. Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre? Architecture and civil engineering: proceedings of the 5th International architecture and civil engineering annual conference (ACE 2017), 8-9 May 2017, Singapore [online], article 120. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5176/2301-394X_ACE17.120

This paper concerns the development of Aviemore, a village in the Highlands of Scotland, and the importance of considering a lost 'town centre'. Aviemore evolved rapidly as an all-year tourism destination in the 1960s and 1970s, mainly through the co... Read More about Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre?.

Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore. (2017)
Journal Article
YIN, B.C.L. and LAING, R. 2017. Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore. Architecture and civil engineering: proceedings of the 5th International architecture and civil engineering annual conference (ACE 2017), 8-9 May 2017, Singapore [online], article 121. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5176/2301-394X_ACE17.121

Singapore faces specific and immediate risks due to environmental challenges and climate change. To overcome these challenges, the government has been making efforts to implement policies and guidelines on building designs and construction methods in... Read More about Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore..

(Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement. (2016)
Journal Article
TAIT, E., LAING, R., GRINNALL, A., BURNETT, S. and ISAACS, J. 2016. (Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement. Journal of information science [online], 42(3), pages 420-433. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551516636306

Cultural heritage is increasingly being viewed as an economic asset for geographic areas who aim to capitalise in the surge in interest in local history and heritage tourism from members of the public. Digital technologies have developed that facilit... Read More about (Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement..

Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. (2014)
Journal Article
LAING, R., LEON, M., MAHDJOUBI, L. and SCOTT, J. 2014. Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 120-130. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.012

In recent years, there have been rapid developments in techniques available to capture three dimensional data with regards to the existing built environment. Such technologies support the collection of both large scale landscape and streetscape data,... Read More about Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making..

Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. (2014)
Journal Article
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J., SALMAN, H. 2014. Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 108-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.011

Effective collaboration and maximum effort from stakeholders during the feasibility and concept design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value for the overall success of a building project, from the initial design throug... Read More about Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment..

The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context. (2014)
Journal Article
SALMAN, H.S., LAING, R. and CONNIFF, A. 2014. The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context. Design studies, 35(4), pages 412-439. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2014.02.002

Little research has been undertaken concerning the manner in which students use computer aided architectural design (CAAD) programs for conceptual design. The research aim was to explore the potential impact of CAAD programs as conceptual design tool... Read More about The impact of computer aided architectural design programs on conceptual design in an educational context..

Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning. (2013)
Journal Article
WILSON, G., KISHK, M. and LAING, R. 2013. Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning. Public health frontier [online], 2(2), pages 114-121. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5963/PHF0202009

Public spending across the United Kingdom is facing unprecedented challenges as a result of the economic downturn. Nowhere is this more keenly felt than the interface between the National Health Service (NHS) and the construction industry. Limited go... Read More about Identifying sustainability requirements in the refurbishment of hospitals: the built estate, models of care, and the challenge of adaptation planning..

The application of visual environmental economics in the study of public preference and urban greenspace. (2009)
Journal Article
LAING, R., DAVIES, A.-M., MILLER, D., CONNIFF, A., SCOTT, S. and MORRICE, J. 2009. The application of visual environmental economics in the study of public preference and urban greenspace. Environment and planning B: urban analytics and city science [online], 36(2), pages 355-375. Available from: https://doi.org/10.106/b33140

Urban greenspace has consistently been argued to be of great importance to the wellbeing, health, and daily lives of residents and users. This paper reports results from a study which combined the visualisation of public greenspace with environmental... Read More about The application of visual environmental economics in the study of public preference and urban greenspace..

Design and use of a virtual heritage model to enable a comparison of active navigation of buildings and spaces with passive observation. (2007)
Journal Article
LAING, R., CONNIFF, A., CRAIG, T., GALAN-DIAZ, C. and SCOTT, S. 2007. Design and use of a virtual heritage model to enable a comparison of active navigation of buildings and spaces with passive observation. Automation in construction [online], 16(6), pages 830-841. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2007.02.006

Wide ranging and significant research in recent years has highlighted the need for greater levels of engagement with end users in planning and design of the built environment. This has been against a background of far reaching advances in IT technolo... Read More about Design and use of a virtual heritage model to enable a comparison of active navigation of buildings and spaces with passive observation..

Urban green space: the incorporation of environmental values in a decision support system. (2006)
Journal Article
LAING, R., MILLER, D., DAVIES, A.-M. and SCOTT, S. 2006. Urban green space: the incorporation of environmental values in a decision support system. Journal of information technology in construction [online], 11, pages 177-196. Available from: https://www.itcon.org/paper/2006/14

This paper provides an overview of work undertaken on measuring the environmental values of green spaces, coupled with spatial analysis tools for aiding decision relating to the planning of urban green spaces. The work involved a complex array of dat... Read More about Urban green space: the incorporation of environmental values in a decision support system..

The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation. (2004)
Journal Article
LAING, R., DAVIES, A.-M., HARGREAVES, A. and SCOTT, S. 2004. The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation. Studies in regional and urban planning, 10, pages 119-127.

This paper describes a series of methodologies for use in evaluation of the built environment. The use of virtual models within Architecture and Engineering is widespread at the design stage, but has to date been limited in terms of application and i... Read More about The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation..