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Reflection 2 shifting research paradigms: urbanism and culture. (2017)
Book Chapter
LAING, R. 2017. Reflection 2 shifting research paradigms: urbanism and culture. In Zaman, Q.M. and Troiani, I. (eds.) Transdisciplinary urbanism and culture: from pedagogy to praxis. The urban book series. Cham: Springer [online], pages 17-20. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55855-4_3

The themes of this book are important and timely, and reflect the increasingly cross-discipline manner in which challenges faced in the built environment must be addressed. This has been reflected of course in the calls and projects supported by majo... Read More about Reflection 2 shifting research paradigms: urbanism and culture..

Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M., LAING, R., LOVEDAY, J., MCCLEAN, D. and BEATTIE, S. 2017. Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen. In Bosché, F., Brilakis, I. and Sacks, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2017 Lean and computing in construction congress (LC3 2017), 4-7 July 2017, Heraklion, Greece. Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University [online], volume 1: proceedings of the Joint conference on computing in construction (JC3), pages 525-532. Available from: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0141

This paper is focusing on the local strategic development plan for the city of Aberdeen, UK, and examines the initiation of applying a regeneration plan to the city centre. For that purpose, Aberdeen City Council commissioned Robert Gordon University... Read More about Development of an urban as-built model: the case study of Aberdeen..

Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application. (2017)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and TONIOLO, A. 2017. Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application. In Bosché, F., Brilakis, I. and Sacks, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2017 Lean and computing in construction congress (LC3 2017), 4-7 July 2017, Heraklion, Greece. Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University [online], volume 1: proceedings of the Joint conference on computing in construction (JC3), pages 767-774. Available from: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0078

Collaborative design is an iterative process of selecting and evaluating solutions in the presence of several potentially conflicting requirements dictated by different professional expertise and preferences, a concept central to Building Information... Read More about Dialogue types for collaborative design: a front-end BIM application..

Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre? (2017)
Journal Article
RICE, K., HUGHES, E., LAING, R. and DEVECI, G. 2017. Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre? Architecture and civil engineering: proceedings of the 5th International architecture and civil engineering annual conference (ACE 2017), 8-9 May 2017, Singapore [online], article 120. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5176/2301-394X_ACE17.120

This paper concerns the development of Aviemore, a village in the Highlands of Scotland, and the importance of considering a lost 'town centre'. Aviemore evolved rapidly as an all-year tourism destination in the 1960s and 1970s, mainly through the co... Read More about Aviemore: dude, where's my town centre?.

Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore. (2017)
Journal Article
YIN, B.C.L. and LAING, R. 2017. Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore. Architecture and civil engineering: proceedings of the 5th International architecture and civil engineering annual conference (ACE 2017), 8-9 May 2017, Singapore [online], article 121. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5176/2301-394X_ACE17.121

Singapore faces specific and immediate risks due to environmental challenges and climate change. To overcome these challenges, the government has been making efforts to implement policies and guidelines on building designs and construction methods in... Read More about Myths of sustainability: an evaluation of their enduring influence on sustainable construction in Singapore..

Mega projects - strategic design management, time for a new framework. (2016)
Thesis
ROBERTSON, C. 2016. Mega projects - strategic design management, time for a new framework. Robert Gordon University, MSc by Research thesis.

In a complicated and fierce, ever-changing economy, the built environment sector endeavours to work with-, coordinate- and advise key stakeholders; more focus is required on coordination and communication for the management of the iterative design pr... Read More about Mega projects - strategic design management, time for a new framework..

The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
LAING, R., TAIT, E., ISAACS, J., LEON, M. and REID, P. 2016. The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas. In Proceedings of the 2016 RICS construction, building and real estate research conference (COBRA 2016), 20-22 September 2016, Toronto, Canada. London: RICS.

This paper concerns the application of cutting edge digital recording techniques within the context of heritage-led urban regeneration. The work is innovative in that it supports the belief of decision makers and local stakeholders that there is pote... Read More about The application of 3D visualisation and HD surveying to help stimulate economic growth in historic urban areas..

Energy efficiency improvements in traditional buildings: exploring the role of user behaviour in the hygrothermal performance of solid walls. (2016)
Thesis
HERRERA GUTIERREZ-AVELLANOSA, D. 2016. Energy efficiency improvements in traditional buildings: exploring the role of user behaviour in the hygrothermal performance of solid walls. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Thermal improvement of traditional and historic buildings is going to play a crucial role in the achievement of established carbon emission targets. The suitable retrofit options for traditional buildings are, however, very limited and their long ter... Read More about Energy efficiency improvements in traditional buildings: exploring the role of user behaviour in the hygrothermal performance of solid walls..

The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning. (2016)
Conference Proceeding
SHAW, A., LEON, M. and SCOTT, J. 2016. The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning. In Galiano Garrigos, A. and Kouider, T. (eds.) Proceedings of the 6th International congress of architectural technology (ICAT 2016): healthy buildings: innovation, design and technology, 12-14 May 2016, Alicante, Spain. Alicante: University of Alicante [online], pages 67-94. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/55251

Cultural heritage sites all over the world are at risk due to aggressive urban expansion, development, wars and general obsolescence. Not all objects are recorded in detail although they may have social and historical significance. For example more e... Read More about The conservation of our built heritage, in particular statues in Aberdeen, evaluated through a social and historical context and their impact, through the use of 3D scanning..

Explorations of an urban intervention management system: a reflection on how to deal with urban complex systems and deliver dynamic change. (2016)
Book Chapter
MIGUEL, M.A.G., LAING, R. and ZAMAN, Q.M. 2016. Explorations of an urban intervention management system: a reflection on how to deal with urban complex systems and deliver dynamic change. In Caldwell, G.A., Smith, C. and Clift, E. (eds.) Digital futures and the city of today: new technologies and physical spaces. Bristol: Intellect [online], chapter 11, pages 193-214. Available from: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/D/bo23353147.html

Concerns over how we plan and manage urban development have grown as a result of unpredictable and rapid conditional changes in postmodern cities. This chapter explores the shifting contexts of urban environments which change in an increasingly frequ... Read More about Explorations of an urban intervention management system: a reflection on how to deal with urban complex systems and deliver dynamic change..

(Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement. (2016)
Journal Article
TAIT, E., LAING, R., GRINNALL, A., BURNETT, S. and ISAACS, J. 2016. (Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement. Journal of information science [online], 42(3), pages 420-433. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551516636306

Cultural heritage is increasingly being viewed as an economic asset for geographic areas who aim to capitalise in the surge in interest in local history and heritage tourism from members of the public. Digital technologies have developed that facilit... Read More about (Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement..

Urban planning and climate change mitigation: using virtual reality to support the design of a university master plan extension. (2015)
Book Chapter
BENNADJI, A., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2015. Urban planning and climate change mitigation: using virtual reality to support the design of a university master plan extension. In Silva, C.N. (ed.) Emerging issues, challenges, and opportunities in urban e-planning. Hershey, PA: IGI Global [online], chapter 10, pages 210-229. Available from https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8150-7.ch010

The aim of the research described in this chapter is to explore the use of intelligent virtual transport modelling within the context of a case study involving the development of a university estate. Through the application of visualisation technique... Read More about Urban planning and climate change mitigation: using virtual reality to support the design of a university master plan extension..

Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. (2015)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and TONIOLO, A. 2015. Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations: proceedings of the 1st International conference on building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations, 9-11 September 2015, Bristol, UK. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press [online], pages 217-228. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2495/BIM150191

The early design stages are the most vital for the development of the design of a building project and the decisions taken during these steps are significant for the further progress of the project, regarding aspects like cost, performance, reliabili... Read More about Analysis of collaborative design and decision making through argumentation applied for pre-BIM stages..

Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages. (2015)
Book Chapter
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J. and SALMAN, H.S. 2015. Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press, pages 205-216.

This paper presents the application of a Conceptual Design Stages Protocol during feasibility stages within a multidisciplinary design team, for the purpose of bridging the gap between ideas generation and their representation in later and more advan... Read More about Making collaboration work: application of a conceptual design stages protocol for pre-BIM stages..

Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment. (2015)
Book Chapter
LAING, R., LEON, M., ISAACS, J. and GEORGIEV, D. 2015. Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment. In Mahjoubi, L., Brebbia, C.A. and Laing, R. (eds.) Building information modelling (BIM) in design, construction and operations. WIT transactions on the built environment, 149. Southampton: WIT Press, pages 279-289.

The emergence in recent years of technology to support the use of data rich models within architecture has significantly aided the uptake of building information modelling. Simultaneously, there has been a rapid expansion in the capabilities and wide... Read More about Scan to BIM: the development of a clear workflow for the incorporation of point clouds within a BIM environment..

Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages. (2015)
Thesis
LEON, M. 2015. Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Effective multidisciplinary design collaboration and increased effort during the feasibility and early design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value and overall success of a built environment project, from the initial d... Read More about Development of a computer mediated multidisciplinary design protocol and its application to the early architectural design stages..

Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. (2014)
Journal Article
LAING, R., LEON, M., MAHDJOUBI, L. and SCOTT, J. 2014. Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 120-130. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.012

In recent years, there have been rapid developments in techniques available to capture three dimensional data with regards to the existing built environment. Such technologies support the collection of both large scale landscape and streetscape data,... Read More about Integrating rapid 3D data collection techniques to support BIM design decision making..

Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. (2014)
Journal Article
LEON, M., LAING, R., MALINS, J., SALMAN, H. 2014. Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 22: proceedings of the 12th International conference on design and decision support systems in architecture and urban planning (DDSS 2014), 25-27 August 2014, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pages 108-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.11.011

Effective collaboration and maximum effort from stakeholders during the feasibility and concept design stages in architecture provide the greatest potential for added value for the overall success of a building project, from the initial design throug... Read More about Development and testing of a design protocol for computer mediated multidisciplinary collaboration during the concept stages with application to the built environment..

Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
LEON, M. and LAING, R. 2014. Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 192-205. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/archtechcongress1/products-services/proceedings/ICAT%202014%20Proceedings.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1

Effective conceptual and collaborative design process in architecture is a prerequisite for efficient overall project development. This can be facilitated by computer mediation methods, including emerging augmented reality technologies and tactile an... Read More about Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation..

The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage. (2014)
Conference Proceeding
LAING, R., SCOTT, J. and HOGG, G. 2014. The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage. In Kouider, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International congress on architectural technology (ICAT 2014): architectural technology, towards innovative professional practice, 7 November 2014, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 242-252. Available from: https://sites.google.com/site/archtechcongress1/products-services/proceedings/ICAT%202014%20Proceedings.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1

This paper considers the use of cloud-based photogrammetry to collect and process 3D information pertaining to the built heritage. Although modern surveying technologies such as laser scanning are available, their application may be prohibited by cos... Read More about The application of cloud-based photogrammetry in the study of the built heritage..