Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Long-term dynamic behaviour of human resource needs in Ghana’s oil sector: system dynamics approach.

Obiri, Kwadwo Ayeh; Omotayo, Temitope S.; Bjeirmi, Bassam; Boateng, Prince


Temitope S. Omotayo

Prince Boateng


This study espouses a multi-strategy method comprising of a qualitative study and system dynamics (SD) to deliver the long-term dynamic behaviour of human resource development (HRD) in Ghana’s oil and gas sector. The adoption of the SD differed from previous studies addressing the local content implementation challenge of human resources, thereby allowing HRD to be considered a ‘system’ which, in turn, aided in comprehensively identifying and analysing the interrelationships among the dominant variables. Focal articles were reviewed to develop a causal loop diagram (CLD) for human resource and subsequently validated qualitatively. The CLD was used for analysing interconnections among the variables in the HRD and as a basis for developing the stock and flow diagram for projections. The study found that local content investment is projected to increase from $799 million to $3.0807 billion in 50 years, with a corresponding revenue increase from $29 billion to $44 billion in 50 years. Subsequent sensitivity analysis compared the local content model results under varying situations, which indicated the possibility of a demand for 20,000 local staff. The study further uncovered two critical issues affecting HRD, namely policy coordination and harmonisation and sustainable funding. These issues are exacerbated by the pervasive political interference in the administrative and operational functions of state oil and gas institutions.


OBIRI, K.A., OMOTAYO, T.S., BJEIRMI, B. and BOATENG, P. 2021. Long-term dynamic behaviour of human resource needs in Ghana’s oil sector: system dynamics approach. Sustainability [online], 13(6), article 3546. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 19, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 23, 2021
Publication Date Mar 31, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 15, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 15, 2021
Journal Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 6
Article Number 3546
Keywords Ghana; Human resource; Local content; Systems dynamics; Causal loop diagram; Oil and gas
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations