Allan A. Santos
Degradation of multiple peptides by microcystin-degrader Paucibacter toxinivorans (2C20).
Santos, Allan A.; Soldatou, Sylvia; Freitas de Magalhães, Valeria; Azevedo, Sandra M.F.O.; Camacho-Muñoz, Dolores; Lawton, Linda A.; Edwards, Christine
Valeria Freitas de Magalhães
Sandra M.F.O. Azevedo
Professor Linda Lawton email@example.com
Professor & Lead of the Environmental Engineering Research Group
Professor Christine Edwards firstname.lastname@example.org
Since conventional drinking water treatments applied in different countries are inefficient at eliminating potentially toxic cyanobacterial peptides, a number of bacteria have been studied as an alternative to biological filters for the removal of microcystins (MCs). Here, we evaluated the degradation of not only MCs variants (-LR/DM-LR/-RR/-LF/-YR), but also non-MCs peptides (anabaenopeptins A/B, aerucyclamides A/D) by Paucibactertoxinivorans over 7 days. We also evaluated the degradation rate of MC-LR in a peptide mix, with all peptides tested, and in the presence of M. aeruginosa crude extract. Furthermore, biodegradation was assessed for non-cyanobacterial peptides with different chemical structures, such as cyclosporin A, (Glu1)-fibrinopeptide-B, leucine-enkephalin, and oxytocin. When cyanopeptides were individually added, P. toxinivorans degraded them (99%) over 7 days, except for MC-LR and -RR, which decreased by about 85 and 90%, respectively. The degradation rate of MC-LR decreased in the peptide mix compared to an individual compound, however, in the presence of the Microcystis extract, it was degraded considerably faster (3 days). It was noted that biodegradation rates decreased in the mix for all MCs while non-MCs peptides were immediately degraded. UPLC–QTOF–MS/MS allowed us to identify two linear biodegradation products for MC-LR and MC-YR, and one for MC-LF. Furthermore, P. toxinivorans demonstrated complete degradation of non-cyanobacterial peptides, with the exception of oxytocin, where around 50% remained after 7 days. Thus, although P. toxinivorans was previously identified as a MC-degrader, it also degrades a wide range of peptides under a range of conditions, which could be optimized as a potential biological tool for water treatment.
SANTOS, A.A., SOLDATOU, S., FREITAS DE MAGALHÃES, V., AZEVEDO, S.M.F.O., CAMACHO-MUÑOZ, D., LAWTON, L. A. and EDWARDS, C. 2021. Degradation of multiple peptides by microcystin-degrader Paucibacter toxinivorans (2C20). Toxins [online], 13(4): cyanobacterial toxins: their occurrence, detection and removal, article 265. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13040265
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Apr 4, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 8, 2021|
|Publication Date||Apr 30, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Apr 8, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 8, 2021|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Cyanobacteria; CNN; Water treatment; Hydrogen peroxide; Image recognition; Image segmentation; Aerucyclamide; Anabaenopeptin; Bacterial degradation rate; Cyanopeptides; Microcystin; UPLC-MS|
|Related Public URLs||https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1299712|
SANTOS 2021 Degradation of multiple
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