Public Policy Reform and Police Prevention Practice: A Journey Upstream?
Bland, Nick; Calder, Amy; Fyfe, Nicholas R.; Anderson, Simon; Mitchell, James; Reid, Susan
Professor Nick Fyfe email@example.com
Vice Principal - Research
This article contributes to a growing body of research on the police reforms in Scotland. It examines the particular place given to prevention in public policy and its impact on police practice. We show how public policy reconfigured the place and purpose of prevention for the police, with a focus on safety, wellbeing, and the prevention of harm. The research draws on qualitative data collected in four areas as part of a 4-year evaluation of the police reforms. We refine a public health typology of prevention and operationalize it empirically for the first time to analyse cases of innovative practice. We distinguish a pattern of prevention practice heavily weighted towards secondary prevention, focused predominantly on issues of crime and disorder. In fewer cases, the police applied primary and tertiary prevention, with a focus on vulnerability and harm. Looking in detail at two cases, we illustrate the importance of collaboration for the police, which created opportunities and brought additional resources and expertise to support new prevention approaches which had a significant impact on effectiveness. The police realized collaborative advantage through common aims, trust-building, and leadership. We do not suggest this demonstrates a transformation in police prevention; it illustrates successful police innovation, and identifies the potential to go further. The implications for policy and practice are to recognize the value to the police of investing in new partnerships. They create opportunities for the police to collaborate, innovate, and focus more sharply on the prevention of harm.
BLAND, N., CALDER, A., FYFE, N.R., ANDERSON, S., MITCHELL, J. and REID, S. 2021. Public policy reform and police prevention practice: a journey upstream? Policing [online], 53(4), pages 1882-1893. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paab008
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Feb 22, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 22, 2021|
|Publication Date||Sep 30, 2021|
|Deposit Date||May 25, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||May 28, 2021|
|Journal||Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Police reforms; Scotland; Public policy; Police practice; Patterns of prevention|
BLAND 2021 Public policy
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