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A comparative evaluation of the hydrogen separation, purification and transport behavior of α-alumina membrane and γ-alumina membranes modified with ALOOH sol.

Shehu, Habiba; Orakwe, Ifeyinwa; Gobina, Edward

Authors

Habiba Shehu

Ifeyinwa Orakwe



Abstract

The main purpose of this work is to investigate the hydrogen permeation behavior of a commercial ceramic alumina membrane and compare same with that of a γ-alumina membrane graded with an AlOOH sol using the dip coating method. The permeance of hydrogen and 5 other single gases (He, N2, CH4, CO2 and Ar) were investigated at high temperatures. Mixed gas permeation tests for a H2 gas mixture were also carried out. Results showed that the permeance of H2 increased with increasing temperature for the graded γ- Al2O3 membrane while it decreased for the α-Al2O3 support. For the single gas tests, the α-Al2O3 support show higher permeance of up to 9.45 x 10-3 mol m-2 s-1 Pa -1 compared to 1.03 x 10-3 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 for the γ-Al2O3 but the graded substrate was permeable to only H2 at fifth coating. The mixed gas tests for a gas mixture (H2= 50%, CO= 28%, CO2=10% CH4=8%, N2=4%) show lower H2 permeance which was attributed to the inhibition effect of CO2 in the gas mixture. The H2/N2 permselectivity for both membranes was close to the theoretical Knudsen value of 3.73 which suggests a combined viscous and Knudsen flow transport mechanism.

Citation

SHEHU, H., ORAKWE, I. and GOBINA, E. 2021. A comparative evaluation of the hydrogen separation, purification and transport behavior of α-alumina membrane and γ-alumina membranes modified with AlOOH sol. Presented at 8th International conference and exhibition on advanced and nanomaterials 2021 (ICANM 2021), 9-11 August 2021, [virtual conference].

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Conference Name 8th International conference and exhibition on advanced and nanomaterials 2021 (ICANM 2021)
Conference Location [virtual conference]
Start Date Aug 9, 2021
End Date Aug 11, 2021
Deposit Date Sep 2, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 2, 2021
Keywords Hydrogen; Alumina; Membranes; Dip-coating; Permenance
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1428073
Additional Information This paper was presented at the conference but was published in the conference proceedings as:
ALKALI, A., SHEHU, H. and GOBINA, E. 2021. A comparative evaluation of the hydrogen separation, purification and transport behavior of α-alumina membrane and γ-alumina membranes modified with ALOOH sol. In Proceedings of the ICANM 2021: 8th International conference and exhibition on advanced and nanomaterials 2021 (ICANM2021), 9-11 August 2021, [virtual conference]. Ontario: ICANM, page 69.

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