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An innovative general practice based pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: using theory to characterise its development, implementation and initial evaluation.

Innes, Catriona; Rushworth, Gordon; Addison, Brian; Wedekind, Yvonne; Watson, Emma; Rudd, Ian; Power, Ailsa; Cunningham, Scott


Catriona Innes

Gordon Rushworth

Yvonne Wedekind

Emma Watson

Ian Rudd

Ailsa Power


Background Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships exist in undergraduate medicine courses. A pilot Pharmacy Longitudinal Clerkship (pPLC) was funded to investigate delivery of this model of clinical education for student pharmacists. Objective(s): To investigate the development, implementation and initial evaluation of a pPLC. Methods: The 11-week pPLC was delivered to two students in two GP practices in Scotland. Mixed theory-based methods were used to gather information on the pPLC structures and processes required and qualitative semi-structured Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) based interviews explored outcomes with key stakeholders. Informed written consent was obtained. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically. University Ethics approval was granted. Results: Data were generated on resources and processes required for a pPLC including funds budgeted for and actually spent on staffing, student travel/subsistence and student clinical ‘Kit Bags’, learning outcomes, curriculum and training timetable, GP Practice/University contracts. Interviews were completed with the two students, three linked GP clinical supervisors and two Regional Tutors involved. The seven themes were identified and mapped to seven TDF domains including: increased levels of student confidence, and increased student enthusiasm for a career in pharmacy, need for definition of the role of the Regional Tutor for the PLC and GP positivity towards the expected outcomes of clerkship model versus traditional placements. Conclusion: Findings are limited by the small number of participants and settings, but evaluation was positive and the work garnered information on requirements for resources and processes. This will inform ‘roll out’ of the PLC.


INNES, C., RUSHWORTH, G., ADDISON, B., WEDEKIND, Y., WATSON, E., RUDD, I., POWER, A. and CUNNINGHAM, S. 2022. An innovative general practice based pharmacy longitudinal clerkship: using theory to characterise its development, implementation and initial evaluation. Education for primary care [online], 33(3), pages 173-179. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 17, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 3, 2021
Publication Date Jun 30, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 19, 2021
Publicly Available Date Oct 19, 2021
Journal Education for primary care
Print ISSN 1473-9879
Electronic ISSN 1475-990X
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 3
Pages 173-179
Keywords Clinical clerkship; Pharmacy; Interprofessional education; General practice medicine; Experiential learning; Theoretical models
Public URL


INNES 2022 An innovative general practice (VOR) (771 Kb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (
4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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