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Using an online nominal group technique to determine key implementation factors for COVID-19 vaccination programmes in community pharmacies.

Michel, Dorothee Elsbeth; Iqbal, Ayesha; Faehrmann, Laura; Tadić, Ivana; Paulino, Ema; Chen, Timothy F.; Moullin, Joanna C.

Authors

Ayesha Iqbal

Laura Faehrmann

Ivana Tadić

Ema Paulino

Timothy F. Chen

Joanna C. Moullin



Abstract

Background: One vital strategy to fight the COVID-19 pandemic is the rapid roll-out of vaccination programmes. In a number of countries pharmacists are joining the vaccination programme workforce, including plans to involve community pharmacies. Objectives: (1) to determine key implementation factors for rapid roll-out of COVID-19 vaccination programmes in European community pharmacies and (2) to trial an online nominal group technique to generate ideas and reach consensus on the first aim. Setting: In February 2021, during a workshop at the 12th Working Conference of the Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe. Method: An online nominal group technique workshop over 10 hours was conducted. Identified implementation factors were mapped to the Framework for the Implementation of Services in Pharmacy and assessed in terms of importance and changeability. Main outcome measure: Consensus of key implementation factors. Results: In total, 85 implementation factors were identified. The top 3 factors were the same for both criteria: '(Regular) Staff training on correct vaccination procedure/to perform hands-on injection technique'; 'Training in basic life support/first aid (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation)', and; 'Definition of process, roles and responsibilities in the team'. Conclusion: An online nominal group technique enabled international collaboration to gather diverse perspectives on the implementation of COVID-19 vaccination programmes in a time and cost-efficient manner. 'Staff training on correct vaccination procedure', 'training in basic life support' and 'definition of process, roles and responsibilities in the team' were deemed the most important and changeable implementation factors. Online nominal group technique may be a suitable method for other implementation problems.

Citation

MICHEL, D.E., IQBAL, A., FAEHRMANN, L., TADIĆ, I., PAULINO, E., CHEN, T.F. and MOULLIN, J.C. 2021. Using an online nominal group technique to determine key implementation factors for COVID-19 vaccination programmes in community pharmacies. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 43(6), pages 1705-1717. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-021-01335-x

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 27, 2021
Online Publication Date Oct 11, 2021
Publication Date Dec 31, 2021
Deposit Date Oct 25, 2021
Publicly Available Date Oct 12, 2022
Journal International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Print ISSN 2210-7703
Electronic ISSN 2210-7711
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 6
Pages 1705-1717
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-021-01335-x
Keywords Community pharmacy; Implementation; Nominal group technique; Pharmaceutical care; Pharmacy practice; Vaccination; COVID-19
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1500528

Files

This file is under embargo until Oct 12, 2022 due to copyright reasons.

Contact publications@rgu.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.




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