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Adaptive V2G peak shaving and smart charging control for grid integration of PEVs.

Erden, Fatih; Kisacikoglu, Mithat C.; Erdogan, Nuh


Fatih Erden

Mithat C. Kisacikoglu

Nuh Erdogan


The stochastic nature of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) driving behavior and distribution grid load profile make it challenging to control vehicle-grid integration in a mutually beneficial way. This article proposes a new adaptive control strategy that manages PEV charging/discharging for peak shaving and load leveling in a distribution grid. For accurate and high fidelity transportation mobility modeling, real vehicle driving test data are collected from the field. Considering the estimated total required PEV battery charging energy, the vehicle-to-grid capabilities of PEVs, and the forecasted non-PEV base load, a reference operating point for the grid is estimated. This reference operating point is updated once at the end of peak hours to guarantee a full final state-of-charge to each PEV. Proposed method provides cost-efficient operation for the utility grid, utmost user convenience free from range anxiety, and ease of implementation at the charging station nodes. It is tested on a real residential transformer, which serves approximately one thousand customers, under various PEV penetration levels and charging scenarios. Performance is assessed in terms of mean-square-error and peak shaving index. Results are compared with those of various reference operating point choices and shown to be superior.


ERDEN, F., KISACIKOGLU, M.C. and ERDOGAN, N. 2018. Adaptive V"G peak shaving and smart charging control for grid integration of PEVs. Electric power components and systems [online], 46(13), pages 1494-1508. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 27, 2018
Online Publication Date Jan 19, 2019
Publication Date Aug 9, 2018
Deposit Date May 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 6, 2022
Journal Electric Power Components and Systems
Print ISSN 1532-5008
Electronic ISSN 1532-5016
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 46
Issue 13
Pages 1494-1508
Keywords Grid integration; Peak shaving; Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs); Smart charging; Vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
Public URL


ERDEN 2018 Adaptive V2G peak (AAM) (1.6 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2018 Informa UK Limited. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Electric Power Components and Systems on 19.01/2019, available online:

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