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Using contact angle measurements for determination of the surface free energy of the ceramic membranes.

Hashim, Idris Abdullahi; Aisueni, Florence; Ogunlude, Priscilla; Ramalan, Muktar; Ogoun, Evans; Hussaini, Mamdud; Gobina, Edward


Edward Gobina


The surface free energy is one of the factors that characterises the surfaces of materials. The sessile drop method is the most popular method for determining its value. A contact angle between the surface and the edge of liquid droplets is measured in this scenario. The substrate surface free energy was frequently determined using contact angle measurements for unique liquids. As shown in Table 1, contact angles were evaluated at room temperature with a model liquid (water) for all samples. It's important to note that a smaller contact angle indicates a solid's wettability (Ali, 2012). As a result, a higher contact angle indicates less model liquid absorption by the sample and consequently less interaction between the two. The largest contact angle was seen with the 200nm ceramic membrane sample, and the lowest contact angle was observed with the 15nm ceramic membrane sample. Apart from 200nm ceramic membrane sample, the DIM contact angles of the samples are quite near to each other. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination was used to characterise the ceramic membrane. The ceramic membrane has a porous, rough morphological feature apart from 15nm pore size ceramic membrane appeared to have smooth on its surface. A close examination of the image reveals that the membrane was free of defects such as pinholes and cracks.


HASHIM, I.A., AISUENI, F., OGUNLUDE, P., RAMALAN, M., OGOUN, E., HUSSAINI, M. and GOBINA, E. 2022. Using contact angle measurements for determination of the surface free energy of the ceramic membranes. In Techconnect briefs 2022: papers from 2022 TechConnect world innovation conference and expo, 13-15 June 2022, Washington, USA. Danville: TechConnect [online], pages 5-8. Available from:

Conference Name 2022 TechConnect world innovation conference and expo
Conference Location Washington, USA
Start Date Jun 13, 2022
End Date Jun 15, 2022
Acceptance Date Apr 22, 2022
Online Publication Date Jun 13, 2022
Publication Date Dec 31, 2022
Deposit Date Jun 23, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 23, 2022
Publisher TechConnect
Volume 2022
Pages 5-8
Book Title TechConnect Briefs 2022
ISBN 9798218002381
Keywords Contact angle measurement; Ceramic membrane; Surface free energy; SEM analysis
Public URL
Publisher URL


HASHIM 2022 Using contact angle measurements (VOR) (2.5 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2022 TechConnect Reprinted and revised, with permission, from the TechConnect Briefs 2022, pp. 5-8, 13-15 June 2022, Washington, U.S.A.

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