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Numerical analysis of a horizontal pressure differential wave energy converter.

Renganathan, Manimaran; Hossain, Mamdud


Manimaran Renganathan


CFD modeling of an innovative wave energy device has been carried out in this study. OpenFoam wave modeling solver interFoam has been employed in order to investigate the energy extraction capability of the wave energy device. The innovative concept is based on utilizing the pressure differential under the crest and trough of a wave to drive flow through a pipe. The simulated surface elevation of a wave has been validated against the reported wave tank experimental data in order to provide confidence in the modeling outcome. Further, simulations have been carried out with the device placed near to the bottom of the numerical wave tank in order establish the energy extraction potential. The simulation results confirm that effective power can be generated from the wave energy device. The efficiency of the device decreases with the increase in wave height, although it increases with the wave period. Higher power-take off (PTO) damping is also beneficial in extracting increased energy from waves.


RENGANATHAN, M. and HOSSAIN, M. 2022. Numerical analysis of a horizontal pressure differential wave energy converter. Energies [online], 15(20), articles 7513. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 7, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 12, 2022
Publication Date Oct 31, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 13, 2022
Journal Energies
Electronic ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 20
Article Number 7513
Keywords Computational fluid dynamics; Wave tank; Orifice geometry; Pipe; Differential pressure
Public URL


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