Sathish K. Nammi
Comparative strength and stability analysis of conventional and lighter composite flexible risers in ultra-deep water subsea environment.
Nammi, Sathish K.; Gupta, Ranjeetkumar; Pancholi, Ketan
RANJEET GUPTA firstname.lastname@example.org
COMPLETED Research Student
Dr Ketan Pancholi email@example.com
The hybrid flexible risers have a multi-layered structure and use thermoplastic composite for the pressure and tensile armour. In contrast, a conventional flexible riser uses heavier carbon steel as armour which significantly contributes to its weight. For shallow-water applications, the conventional risers are widely used in offshore oil and gas industry due to their corrosion resistance properties and low transportation costs. However, the weight of conventional risers is a key limitation in ultra-deep-water applications. This shortcoming can be addressed by including a lightweight carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite as one of the individual layers. The use of CFRP reduces the effective tension at the hang off point which is a key limitation in extending the range of flexible risers. Here, the dynamic stability and functional load interactions of both risers (viz: a thermoplastic CFRP riser and a conventional flexible riser) at a water depth of 3000 m were studied. A global analysis was performed considering the onerous 1000-year hurricane wave with 100-year currents. The investigation considered ±150 m vessel offsets, three vessel headings (viz: 135, 180, 225°) and three vessel draughts (ballasted, empty, loaded). Additionally, a numerical model with a variable bending stiffness was used to capture the orthotropic material behaviour of a flexible riser. Results showed that the buoyancy requirement and effective tension were 2.1 times greater and 2% higher for the conventional riser compared to its composite counterpart. The most onerous case for a conventional riser was at zero offset whereas for its composite counterpart was at –150 m along the length of a riser. It was observed that the heavier masses of a conventional riser aid in aligning the weight vector with the upward direction of the buoyancy force. Contrarily, the composite risers undergo large displacements leading to misalignments and instability. Furthermore, the observed bending radius of the flexible riser was found to be within the allowable minimum bend radius at the hog bend location.
NAMMI, S.K., GUPTA, R. and PANCHOLI, K. . Comparative strength and stability analysis of conventional and lighter composite flexible risers in ultra-deep water subsea environment. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: journal of process mechanical engineering [online], OnlineFirst. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/09544089221144394
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 22, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 20, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Jan 6, 2023|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 6, 2023|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, part E: journal of process mechanical engineering|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Thermoplastic; Composite; Buoyancy; Riser; OrcaFlex; Subsea|
NAMMI 2022 Comparative strength and sability (IN PRESS)
Publisher Licence URL
The final version of this paper has been published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, OnlineFirst, by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. © IMechE 2022. It is available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/PIE.
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