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Research priorities relating to the delivery of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation programmes: results of a modified Delphi process.

McHale, Sheona; Cowie, Aynsley; Brown, Sarah; Butler, Tom; Carver, Kathryn; Dalal, Hasnain M.; Dawkes, Susan; Deighan, Carolyn; Doherty, Patrick; Evans, Jo; Hinton, Sally; Jones, Jennifer; Mills, Joseph; Nichols, Simon; Taylor, Rod S.


Sheona McHale

Aynsley Cowie

Sarah Brown

Tom Butler

Kathryn Carver

Hasnain M. Dalal

Carolyn Deighan

Patrick Doherty

Jo Evans

Sally Hinton

Jennifer Jones

Joseph Mills

Simon Nichols

Rod S. Taylor


The purpose of this British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR) research priority setting project (PSP) was to identify a top 10 list of priority research questions for cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation (CVPR). The PSP was facilitated by the BACPR clinical study group (CSG), which integrates as part of the British Heart Foundation Clinical Research Collaborative. Following a literature review to identify unanswered research questions, modified Delphi methods were used to engage CVPR-informed expert stakeholders, patients, partners and conference delegates in ranking the relevance of research questions during three rounds of an anonymous e-survey. In the first survey, unanswered questions from the literature review were ranked and respondents proposed additional questions. In the second survey, these new questions were ranked. Prioritised questions from surveys 1 and 2 were incorporated in a third/final e-survey used to identify the top 10 list. From 459 responses across the global CVPR community, a final top 10 list of questions were distilled from an overall bank of 76 (61 from the current evidence base and a further 15 from respondents). These were grouped across five broad categories: access and remote delivery, exercise and physical activity, optimising programme outcomes, psychosocial health and impact of the pandemic. This PSP used a modified Delphi methodology to engage the international CVPR community to generate a top 10 list of research priorities within the field. These prioritised questions will directly inform future national and international CVPR research supported by the BACPR CSG.


MCHALE, S., COWIE, A., BROWN, S., BUTLER, T., CARVER, K., DALAL, H.M., DAWKES, S., DEIGHAN, C., DOHERTY, P., EVANS, J., HINTON, S., JONES, J., MILLS, J., NICHOLS, S. and TAYLOR, R.S. 2023. Research priorities relating to the delivery of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation programmes: results of a modified Delphi process. Open heart [online], 10(1), article e002248. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2023
Online Publication Date Apr 3, 2023
Publication Date Apr 30, 2023
Deposit Date Apr 13, 2023
Publicly Available Date Apr 13, 2023
Journal Open heart
Electronic ISSN 2053-3624
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 1
Article Number e002248
Keywords British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR); Cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation (CVPR); Delphi method; e-survey; Cardiovascular disease (CVD); Cardiac risk factors; Coronary heart disease (CHD); Heart failure (HF
Public URL
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of the file associated with this output.


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