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Developing a virtual engineering lab using ADDIE model.

Amish, Mohamed; Jihan, Sha


Sha Jihan


In recent years, digital competence has become essential at the workplace. There is a growing demand for engineers with both employability and digital skills. As a result of the technological advancements, the Virtual Laboratory (VLab) concept was created to provide students with a safe environment to acquire the skills and enthusiasm to enhance the delivery of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects. This study presents a VLab developed using ADDIE model design criteria that allows users to perform VLab in engineering education. Users were able to carry out experiments individually or collectively, creating an effective, flexible learning environment for students. This was integrated smoothly into the Campus Moodle platform learning environment. The VLab design and implementation details are explained and validated through Alpha and Beta acceptance testing. A mixed-methods research design was used to collect and analyse the data. Questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data from 144 students, and 17 of them were interviewed to collect qualitative data. The findings revealed that the VLab is a collaborative, effective and interactive learning environment, which develops graduates' knowledge, soft skills and digital skills, while also improving their competencies relevant to the enhancement of digital skills at their workplace. As a result, lecturers are recommended to use VLab to enhance the quality of teaching and advance the learning experiences of their students.


AMISH, M. and JIHAN. S. 2023. Developing a virtual engineering lab using ADDIE model. Journal of e-learning research [online], 2(1), pages 50-69. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 12, 2023
Online Publication Date Jun 19, 2023
Publication Date Jun 30, 2023
Deposit Date Jun 26, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jun 26, 2023
Journal Journal of e-learning research
Electronic ISSN 2669-235X
Publisher Mokslines Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publishing)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 50-69
Keywords Virtual laboratory environments; Engineering students; Graduate skills; Digital skills
Public URL


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