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Identifying key factors and actions: initial steps in the open science policy design and implementation process.

Shmagun, Hanna; Shim, Jangsup; Kim, Jaesoo; Choi, Kwang-Nam; Oppenheim, Charles


Hanna Shmagun

Jangsup Shim

Jaesoo Kim

Kwang-Nam Choi

Charles Oppenheim


The coronavirus pandemic has illustrated the lack of a holistic approach in implementing Open Science (OS), leading to an inability to fully utilise its potential to inform prompt, evidence-based policy responses. In this view, this study aims to identify and categorise the factors influencing the adoption of OS and proposes possible actions for decision-makers to develop relevant policies. To achieve this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 36 experts from Australia, France, the Netherlands, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States as well as eminent international entities. During the interviews, they were asked to answer a range of questions that emerged from a systematic literature review. The responses were coded and analysed using a grounded theory approach. This led to the identification of four thematic clusters, containing a total of 24 factors that can either enable or inhibit OS practices, namely, (a) external; (b) institutional and regulatory; (c) resource-related; and (d) individual and motivational. Drawing upon Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development framework, we also propose a conceptual model that integrates these factors, accompanied with corresponding actions, into a tangible process of OS policy design and implementation.


SHMAGUN, H., SHIM, J., KIM, J., CHOI, K.-N. and OPPENHEIM, C. 2023. Identifying key factors and actions: initial steps in the open science policy design and implementation process. Journal of information science [online], Online First. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 31, 2023
Online Publication Date Oct 31, 2023
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2023
Publicly Available Date Nov 13, 2023
Journal Journal of information science
Print ISSN 0165-5515
Electronic ISSN 1741-6485
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords COVID-19; Factors and actions; Open science; Policy design and implementation
Public URL
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of the file associated with this output.


SHMAGUN 2023 Identifying key factors and actions (VOR EARLY VIEW) (4.2 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2023. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (

Early View uploaded 2023/11/13

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