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Sense of coherence moderates job demand‐resources and impact on burnout among nurses and midwives in the context of the COVID ‐19 pandemic: a cross‐sectional survey.

Paterson, C.; Davis, D.; Roberts, C.; Bail, K.; Wallis, E.; Northam, H.L.; Frost, J.; Jojo, N.; McGrory, C.; Dombkins, A.; Kavanagh, P.S.


C. Paterson

D. Davis

C. Roberts

K. Bail

E. Wallis

H.L. Northam

J. Frost

N. Jojo

C. McGrory

A. Dombkins

P.S. Kavanagh


This study aimed to test the propositions using the job demands‐resources (JD‐R) model for main/moderation/mediation effects of a sense of coherence and practice environment support on mental well-being (anxiety, depression and burnout) outcomes in nurses and midwives in Australia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-sectional quantitative survey. The study was a cross-sectional design using self-report questionnaires reported as per the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Guidelines. Following human research ethics approval (2020.ETH.00121) participants were recruited to take part in an online anonymous survey using self-report instruments to test the JD-R model in Australia. 156 participant nurses and midwives experienced anxiety, depression and emotional burnout during COVID-19. While a considerable proportion of participants indicated high levels of emotional exhaustion, their responses showed low levels of depersonalization (detached response to other people) and high levels of personal accomplishment (high levels of work performance and competence). A sense of coherence was a significant protective factor for mental health well-being for the participants, which is to say, high levels of sense of coherence were predictive of lower levels of anxiety, depression and burnout in this study sample. It is evident that both nursing and midwifery professions require psychosocial support to preserve their health both in the short and long term. Ensuring individualized tailored support will require a layered response within organizations aimed at individual self-care and collegial peer support. There was no patient or public contribution in this study, as the focus was on nurses and midwives.


PATERSON, C., DAVIS, D., ROBERTS, C., BAIL, K., WALLIS, E., NORTHAM, H.L., FROST, J., JOJO, N., MCGRORY, C., DOMBKINS, A. and KAVANAGH, P.S. 2024. Sense of coherence moderates job demand-resources and impact on burnout among nurses and midwives in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of advanced nursing [online], Early View. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 9, 2024
Online Publication Date Mar 1, 2024
Deposit Date Mar 15, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 15, 2024
Journal Journal of advanced nursing
Print ISSN 0309-2402
Electronic ISSN 1365-2648
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Quantitative study; Pandemic; Nursing; COVID‐19; Burnout; Midwifery
Public URL
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of the file associated with this output.


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