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The role of scoping reviews in guideline development.

Pollock, Danielle; Khalil, Hanan; Evans, Catrin; Godfrey, Christina; Pieper, Dawid; Alexander, Lyndsay; Tricco, Andrea C.; McInerney, Patricia; Peters, Micah D.J.; Klugar, Miloslav; Falavigna, Maicon; Stein, Airton Tetelbom; Qaseem, Amir; Brandão de Moraes, Erica; Saran, Ashrita; Ding, Sandrine; Barker, Timothy Hugh; Florez, Ivan D.; Jia, Romy Menghao; Munn, Zachary


Danielle Pollock

Hanan Khalil

Catrin Evans

Christina Godfrey

Dawid Pieper

Andrea C. Tricco

Patricia McInerney

Micah D.J. Peters

Miloslav Klugar

Maicon Falavigna

Airton Tetelbom Stein

Amir Qaseem

Erica Brandão de Moraes

Ashrita Saran

Sandrine Ding

Timothy Hugh Barker

Ivan D. Florez

Romy Menghao Jia

Zachary Munn


Systematic reviews have long been seen as critical in the development of trustworthy guidelines. However, as newer synthesis methodologies such as scoping reviews become more common, there is a need to discuss the potential role of these methodologies within guideline development. This article aims to summarize and provide examples of the role of scoping reviews in guideline development. Drawing on the expertise of the JBI scoping review group and guideline developers, this discussion article summarizes five key roles of scoping reviews in guideline development. Guideline developers can consider using scoping reviews when they need to: 1) know what existing guidelines could be adopted, adapted or adoloped; 2) understand the breadth of evidence that exists on a particular issue and help with the development and prioritization of questions, or identify previous systematic reviews; 3) identify contextual factors and information relevant for a clinical practice recommendation; 4) identify potential strategies for implementation and monitoring and; 5) conduct evidence surveillance and living mapping approaches. Scoping reviews conducted and reported according to best-practice guidelines and standards can be used in conjunction with systematic reviews to support the work of guideline developers usefully.


POLLOCK, D.K., KHALIL, H., EVANS, C. et al. 2024. The role of scoping reviews in guideline development. Journal of clinical epidemiology [online], 169, article number 111301. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 19, 2024
Online Publication Date Feb 27, 2024
Publication Date May 31, 2024
Deposit Date Apr 5, 2024
Publicly Available Date Apr 5, 2024
Journal Journal of clinical epidemiology
Print ISSN 0895-4356
Electronic ISSN 1878-5921
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 169
Article Number 111301
Keywords Methodology; Guidelines; Scoping reviews; Health care policy
Public URL


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