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Flood risk management in sponge cities: the role of integrated simulation and 3D visualization.

Wang, Chen; Hou, Jingming; Miller, David; Brown, Iain; Jiang, Yang


Chen Wang

Jingming Hou

David Miller

Iain Brown

Yang Jiang


The Sponge City concept has been promoted as a major programme of work to address increasing flood risk in urban areas, in combination with wider benefits for water resources and urban renewal. However, realization of the concept requires collaborative engagement with a wide range of professionals and with affected communities. Visualization can play an important role in this process. In this research, a sponge city flood simulation and forecasting system has been built which combines hydrological data, topographic data, GIS data and hydrodynamic models in real-time and interactive display in a three-dimensional environment. Actual and design flood events in a pilot sponge city have been simulated. The validation results show that the simulated urban water accumulation process is consistent with the actual monitoring data. Use of advanced virtual reality technology can enable simulations to be placed in the wider design context including enhanced awareness of multiple functions of urban ecosystems. This procedure can therefore reduce the information communication gap and encourage innovation regarding low impact development required for sponge city construction.


WANG, C., HOU, J., MILLER, D., BROWN, I. and JIANG, Y. 2019. Flood risk management in sponge cities: the role of integrated simulation and 3D visualization. International journal of disaster risk reduction [online], 39, article ID 101139. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 30, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 3, 2019
Publication Date Oct 31, 2019
Deposit Date May 23, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 4, 2020
Journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Print ISSN 2212-4209
Electronic ISSN 2212-4209
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Article Number 101139
Keywords Sponge city; Flood risk management; 3D visualization; GIS; Low impact development
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