Does antenatal care translate into skilled birth attendance? Analysis of 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey.
Baatiema, Linus; Ameyaw, Edward Kwabena; Moomin, Aliu; Zankawah, Mukaila Mumuni; Koramah, Doris
Edward Kwabena Ameyaw
Mukaila Mumuni Zankawah
Background. Despite the high antenatal care attendance rate in Ghana, skilled birth attendance is relatively low. There is limited evidence on whether antenatal care attendance translates into skilled birth attendance in the Ghanaian research discourse. This study investigates whether antenatal care attendance translates into skilled birth. Methods. We extracted data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Data were analysed using descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses at 5% confidence interval. Results. The descriptive findings indicated a vast variation between antenatal care attendance and skilled birth attendance. Skilled birth attendance was consistently low across almost all sociodemographic characteristics as compared to antenatal care attendance. The binary logistic regression analysis however indicated higher inclination toward skilled birth attendance among women who had at least four antenatal care visits [OR=5.87, CI=4.86-7.08]. The category of women noted to have higher tendencies of skilled birth attendance was those with higher/tertiary education [OR=9.13, CI=2.19-37.93], the rich [OR=4.27, CI=3.02-6.06], urban residents [OR=2.35, CI=1.88-2.93], women with maximum of four children [OR=1.36, CI=1.08-1.72], and those using modern contraceptives [OR=1.24, CI=1.03-1.50]. Conclusion. We recommend that interventions to enhance skilled birth attendance must target women who do not achieve at least four antenatal visits, those with low wealth standing, those not using contraceptives, and women without formal education. Again, an in-depth qualitative study is envisaged to deepen the understanding of these dynamics in the rural setting.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Dec 31, 2019|
|Journal||Advances in Public Health|
|Publisher||Hindawi Publishing Corporation|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Institution Citation||BAATIEMA, L, AMEYAW, E.K., MOOMIN, A., ZANKAWAH, M.M. and KORAMAH, D. 2019. Does antenatal care translate into skilled birth attendance? Analysis of 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey. Advances in public health [online], Article ID 6716938. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6716938|
|Keywords||Antenatal care; Ghana; Skilled birth attendance; Maternal health; Child health|
BAATIEMA 2019 Does antenatal care