This paper focus on factors attributing to casing failure, their failure mechanism and the resulting failure mode. The casing is a critical component in a well and the main mechanical structural barrier element that provide conduits and avenue for oil and gas production over the well lifecycle and beyond. The casings are normally subjected to material degradation, varying local loads, induced stresses during stimulation, natural fractures, slip and shear during their installation and operation leading to different kinds of casing failure modes. The review paper also covers recent developments in casing integrity assessment techniques and their respective limitations. The taxonomy of the major causes and cases of casing failure in different well types is covered. In addition, an overview of casing trend utilisation and failure mix by grades is provided. The trend of casing utilisation in different wells examined show deep-water and shale gas horizontal wells employing higher tensile grades (P110 & Q125) due to their characteristics. Additionally, this review presents casing failure mixed by grades, with P110 recording the highest failure cases owing to its stiffness, high application in injection wells, shale gas, deep-water and high temperature and high temperature (HPHT) wells with high failure probability. A summary of existing tools used for the assessment of well integrity issues and their respective limitations is provided and conclusions drawn.
MOHAMMED, A.I., OYENEYIN, B., ATCHISON, B. and NJUGUNA, J. 2019. Casing structural integrity and failure modes in a range of well types: a review. Journal of natural gas science and engineering [online], 68, article ID 102898. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2019.05.011