The impact of a self-regulated pneumatic resistance intervention on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults.
Dolan, E.; Swinton, P.; McCoy, S.; Carver, P.
To evaluate the impact of self-regulated pneumatic resistance exercise on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults. Materials and methods: Thirty-six older adults, aged ?65 years completed the testing procedure as either the 10 week control (n=18) or intervention (n=18) group. Outcome measures included spatiotemporal gait variables, double leg standing balance assessment (with eyes open and closed), and the five times sit-to-stand measurement. Results were analysed using ANCOVA tests, with baseline values included as a covariate. Results: No change to balance or gait was identified in either group. Participants within the intervention group significantly decreased time taken to complete the five times sit-to-stand test (p=0.006, 2=.218), while no change was reported within the control group. Conclusion: Positive findings of increased lower extremity muscle function indicate that self-regulated pneumatic resistance may represent an appropriate exercise intervention for use in older adults, although the lack of improvement to balance and gait parameters suggest that further research is required to develop delivery modalities for optimum effectiveness in this population.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jun 30, 2015|
|Journal||Progress in health sciences|
|Publisher||Medical University of Bialystok|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Institution Citation||DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P., MCCOY, S. and CARVER, P. 2015. The impact of a self-regulated pneumatic resistance intervention on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults. Progress in health sciences [online], 5(1), pages 120-129. Available from: https://progress.umb.edu.pl/node/172|
|Keywords||Active ageing; Pneumatic resistance; Physical function|
DOLAN 2016 Impact of a self-regulated pneumatic