Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface

The impact of a self-regulated pneumatic resistance intervention on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults.

Dolan, E.; Swinton, P.; McCoy, S.; Carver, P.

Authors

E. Dolan

P. Swinton

S. McCoy

P. Carver



Abstract

To evaluate the impact of self-regulated pneumatic resistance exercise on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults. Materials and methods: Thirty-six older adults, aged ?65 years completed the testing procedure as either the 10 week control (n=18) or intervention (n=18) group. Outcome measures included spatiotemporal gait variables, double leg standing balance assessment (with eyes open and closed), and the five times sit-to-stand measurement. Results were analysed using ANCOVA tests, with baseline values included as a covariate. Results: No change to balance or gait was identified in either group. Participants within the intervention group significantly decreased time taken to complete the five times sit-to-stand test (p=0.006, 2=.218), while no change was reported within the control group. Conclusion: Positive findings of increased lower extremity muscle function indicate that self-regulated pneumatic resistance may represent an appropriate exercise intervention for use in older adults, although the lack of improvement to balance and gait parameters suggest that further research is required to develop delivery modalities for optimum effectiveness in this population.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 30, 2015
Journal Progress in health sciences
Print ISSN 2083-1617
Electronic ISSN 2083-6260
Publisher Medical University of Bialystok
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 1
Pages 120-129
Institution Citation DOLAN, E., SWINTON, P., MCCOY, S. and CARVER, P. 2015. The impact of a self-regulated pneumatic resistance intervention on variables related to balance, gait and lower extremity muscle function in community dwelling older adults. Progress in health sciences [online], 5(1), pages 120-129. Available from: https://progress.umb.edu.pl/node/172
Keywords Active ageing; Pneumatic resistance; Physical function
Publisher URL http://progress.umb.edu.pl/node/172

Files





Downloadable Citations