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Variability in body size and shape of UK offshore workers: a cluster analysis approach [online], 58, pages 265-272.

Stewart, Arthur; Ledingham, Robert; Williams, Hector

Authors

Arthur Stewart

Robert Ledingham

Hector Williams



Abstract

Male UK offshore workers have enlarged dimensions compared with UK norms and knowledge of specific sizes and shapes typifying their physiques will assist a range of functions related to health and ergonomics. A representative sample of the UK offshore workforce (n = 588) underwent 3D photonic scanning, from which 19 extracted dimensional measures were used in k-means cluster analysis to characterise physique groups. Of the 11 resulting clusters four somatotype groups were expressed: one cluser was muscular and lean, four had greater muscularity than adiposity, three had equal adiposity and muscularity and three had greater adiposity than muscularity. Some clusters appeared consitutionally similar to others, differing only in absolute size. These cluster centroids represent an evidence-base for future designs in apparel and other applications where body size and proportions affect functional performanc. They also constitute phenotypic evidence providing insight into the 'offshore culture' which may underpin the enlarged dimensions of offshore workers.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Journal Applied Ergonomics
Print ISSN 0003-6870
Electronic ISSN 1872-9126
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 58
Pages 265-272
Institution Citation STEWART, A., LEDINGHAM, R. and WILLIAMS, H. 2017. Variability in body size and shape of UK offshore workers: a cluster analysis approach [online], 58, pages 265-272. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.001
Keywords Offshore workers; Body size; Body shape; 3D scanning; Cluster analysis

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