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Gender and white-collar crime: examining representations of women in media?

Gottschalk, Petter; Smith, Robert


Petter Gottschalk

Robert Smith


Using documentary research methodology, we collected empirical data from three national Norwegian newspapers to examine the issue of gender and white-collar crime to examine representations of women in the media. Only 8 out of the 179 white-collar criminals presented in Norwegian newspapers in the years from 2009 to 2011 were women. This low ratio mirrors the representation of women entrepreneurs per se in the media in general. Issues surrounding white-collar crime are generally discussed in the literature of criminology using criminological theories, not entrepreneurship theories. As a result, little consideration has been given to the business issues surrounding white-collar criminality. We therefore synthesize material from the literatures of criminology and entrepreneurship to help answer the research question.


GOTTSCHALK, P. and SMITH, R. 2015. Gender and white-collar crime: examining representations of women in media? Journal of gender studies [online], 24(3), pages 310-325. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 6, 2013
Online Publication Date Oct 8, 2013
Publication Date Jun 30, 2015
Deposit Date Sep 19, 2016
Publicly Available Date Sep 19, 2016
Journal Journal of gender studies
Print ISSN 0958-9236
Electronic ISSN 1465-3869
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 3
Pages 310-325
Keywords Gender; White collar crime; Media; Entrepreneurs; Norway
Public URL


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