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Psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professional Student's version: an Italian validation study with nursing students.

Montanari, Paola; Petrucci, Cristina; Russo, Silvia; Murray, Ian; Dimonte, Valerio; Lancia, Loreto

Authors

Paola Montanari

Cristina Petrucci

Silvia Russo

Ian Murray

Valerio Dimonte

Loreto Lancia

Abstract

This methodological study was conducted to test the psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Health Professional Student's version (JSE-HPS). It used a convenience sample of 797 Italian nursing students and also aimed to describe their empathic engagement. Data were subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, test-retest, correlation analysis, t-test, and analysis of variance method. Principal component factor extraction with Oblimin rotation on the first half of the sample was conducted. The analysis suggested a three-factor solution for 14 items: compassionate care/emotional engagement, perspective-taking, and standing in the patient's shoes. Confirmatory factor analysis on the second half of the sample showed good fit indexes for the 14-item solution, indicated by the exploratory factor analysis, and the 20 item solution of the scale, with the exception of one item. Test-retest correlation was 0.50 (P < -0.001) for the overall scale. Results from group comparisons and correlations are also provided and discussed. The Italian version of the JSE-HPS is a psychometrically sound tool. The translated 20-item solution is also suitable to carry out cross-cultural comparisons.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2015
Journal Nursing and health sciences
Print ISSN 1441-0745
Electronic ISSN 1442-2018
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 4
Pages 483-491
Institution Citation MONTANARI, P., PETRUCCI, C., RUSSO, S., MURRAY, I., DIMONTE, V. and LANCIA, L. 2015. Psychometric properties of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professional Student's version: an Italian validation study with nursing students. Nursing and health sciences [online], 17(4), pages 483-491. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12221
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12221
Keywords Empathy; Instrument development; Jefferson scale of empathy; Nursing students; Undergraduate nursing; Italy

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