Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface

Morphological characterization and gas permeation of commercially available ceramic membrane.

Orakwe, Ifeyinwa; Nwogu, Ngozi Claribelle; Gobina, Edward

Authors

Ifeyinwa Orakwe

Ngozi Claribelle Nwogu

Edward Gobina



Contributors

S.I. Ao
Editor

Len Gelman
Editor

David W.L. Hukins
Editor

Andrew Hunter
Editor

A.M. Korsunsky
Editor

Abstract

This work presents experimental results relating to the structural characterization of a commercially available alumina membrane. A {esc}gc{esc}s-alumina mesoporous tubular membrane has been used. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy and gas permeability test has been carried out on the alumina membrane to characterize its structural features. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to determine the pore size distribution of the membrane. Pore size, specific surface area and pore size distribution were also determined with the use of the Nitrogen adsorption-desorption instrument. Gas permeation tests were carried out on the membrane using a variety of single and mixed gases. The permeabilities at different pressure between 0.05-1 bar and temperature range of 25-200oC were used for the single and mixed gases: nitrogen (N2), helium (He), oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2), 14%CO2/N2, 60%CO2/N2, 30%CO2/CH4 and 21%O2/N2. Plots of flow rate verses pressure were obtained. Results got showed the effect of temperature on the permeation rate of the various gases. At 0.5 bar for example, the flow rate for N2 was relatively constant before decreasing with an increase in temperature, while for O2, it continuously decreased with an increase in temperature. In the case of 30%CO2/CH4 and 14%CO2/N2, the flow rate showed an increase then a decrease with increase in temperature. The effect of temperature on the membrane performance of the various gases is presented in this paper

Start Date Oct 21, 2015
Publication Date Oct 23, 2015
Print ISSN 2078-0958
Electronic ISSN 2078-0966
Publisher New Publisher Required
Pages 607-610
Series Title Lecture notes in engineering and computer science
Series Number 2220
Series ISSN 2078-0966
ISBN 9789881404725
Institution Citation ORAKWE, I., NWOGU, N.C. and GOBINA, E. 2015. Morphological characterization and gas permeation of commercially available ceramic membrane. In Ao, S.I., Gelman, L., Hukins, D.W.L., Hunter, A. and Korsunsky, A.M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2015 World congress on engineering and computer science (WCECS 2015), 21-23 October 2015, San Francisco, USA. Lecture notes in engineering and computer science, 2220. Hong Kong: Newswood Limited [online], pages 607-610. Available from: http://www.iaeng.org/pu...WCECS2015_pp607-610.pdf
Keywords Alumina membrane; Nitrogen adsorption desorption; Scanning electron microscopy; Gas permeation; Temperature
Publisher URL http://www.iaeng.org/publication/WCECS2015/

Files





Downloadable Citations